During such operating conditions, it is necessary to reduce the excitation voltage veryquickly.This can be achieved by applying a negative voltage to the already available D.C.voltage.In another case if the Generator is running on a light load and suddenly additional load isapplied, then the Generator terminal voltage suddenly falls down.In such cases, it is necessary to apply voltage in addition to the already existing fieldvoltage.This is called field forcing.Manual regulationThis is field current control.Automatic regulationGenerator is brought to rated speed and suppose the rated voltage is excitation is appliedand gradually increase is built up on No load (I
=0) by increasing the excitation to if thatthe Generator is gradually loaded to 25%, 50%, 75% and 100% of Armature current thenthe voltage drops as shown in the fig. 2.Fig. 2 is a graph drawn between terminal voltage V and load current (armature current) I
on x-axis. This graph is called LOAD CHARACTERISTIC OF Generator.But it is necessary to maintain terminal voltage constant always. To maintain the terminalconstant, we have to increase the excitation.