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BMP-3 Infantry Fighting Vehicle

BMP-3 Infantry Fighting Vehicle



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Published by saledin1
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Published by: saledin1 on Apr 15, 2008
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BMP-3 Infantry Fighting Vehicle
The BMP-3 infantry combat vehicle entered production in the late 1980s. About 120BMP-3 vehicles are in service with the Russia Army and over 600 have been exported toa number of countries, including United Arab Emirates (390 vehicles), Cyprus (40),Indonesia (30), Kuwait (110) and South Korea (70)."About 120 BMP-3 vehicles are in service with the Russia Army."Kurganmashzavod of Kurgan, Russian Federation manufactures the chassis and theInstrument Design Bureau (KBP) of Tula is responsible for the turret. It is a tracked,armoured, amphibious vehicle designed to engage armoured ground and air targets whilestationary, on the move and afloat.In 2007, the Russian Army placed an order with Kurganmashzavod for a number of new- build BMP-3 vehicles.A command version, the BMP-3K, is available, which is the same as the basic BMP-3, but with additional communications and navigation equipment. A version designed for more sustained amphibious operation is the BMP-3F. Changes in construction allowmovement afloat in sea state three and firing with necessary accuracy in sea state two.The BMP-3F can endure continuous amphibious operation for seven hours. Areconnaissance version, the BRM-3K, is in service with the Russian Army.
KBP and Kurganmashzavod have upgraded the vehicle with a new turret and engines.The upgraded vehicle is called the BMP-3M and the new turret includes a new automatic
fire control system with digital computer, new BZS1 gunner's sight with SAGEM thermalimager and laser illuminator,TKN-AI commander's periscopewith laser infrared illuminator and new ammunition loadingsystem.The BMP-3M will also be able tofire ammunition types includingnew 100mm laser-guided projectiles, new 100mm HE-FRAG (High-ExplosiveFragmentation) rounds and new30mm APSDS (Armour-PiercingDiscarding Sabot) rounds.Additional passive armour  protection is effective against 12.7mm armour-piercing rounds from a range of 50m.Explosive reactive armour is available as an option. The new uprated engine is the UTD-32, which is rated at 660hp.
The main armament of the BMP-3 is a 100mm 2A70 semi-automatic rifled gun / missilelauncher, which is stabilised in two axes and can fire either 3UOF HE-FRAG (HighExplosive-Fragmentation) rounds or 3UBK10 anti-tank guided missiles. Effective rangefor the HE-FRAG round is 4,000m. Muzzle velocity is 250m/s. 22 HE-FRAG rounds can be carried in the automatic loader, total ammunition load being 40 rounds. Rate of fire is10 rounds a minute."The BMP-3F can endure continuous amphibious operation for seven hours."The gun fires the 3UBK10 anti-tank guided missile round, which consists of the 9M117laser beamriding missile and container. This missile is used in the Bastion missile system(NATO designation AT-10 Stabber). It can engage tanks with Explosive Reactive Armour (ERA) as well as slow, low-flying targets such as helicopters. Range is 100m to 4,000m.Hit probability is given as at least 0.8 with armour penetration of 600mm. Ammunitionload is eight rounds.Armament also includes a 30mm 2A72 automatic gun, stabilised in two axes, which fires3UOR-6 and 3UOR-8 rounds. Ammunition load is 500 AP (Armour-Piercing) or HE-FRAG rounds. Rate of fire is more than 300 rounds a minute and range is 1,500m to2,000m. There is also one 7.62mm PKT coaxial machine gun and two 7.62 bow machineguns.
The BMP-3 can be fitted with the Arena Defensive Aids suite, developed by KBMKolumna. The system consists of target detection and tracking radar, computer and processing unit and protective ammunition.The system is automatic: the radar passes tracking data to the computer, which selects thenumber of ammunition rounds and controls firing. The selected ammunition is thenexpelled as a directed field. The vehicle can also be fitted with the Shtora defensive aidssystem which counters anti-tank guided weapons with SACLOS (Semi-AutomaticCommand-to-Line-of-Sight).The hull and turret are constructed from aluminium alloy armour. Protection also includessteel external straps fitted on the turret, side armour displacement panels and a double- bottom at the front of the vehicle. NBC equipment includes a filter ventilation unit as well as hermetic sealing. This systemis located in the rear of the vehicle, as is the ejection cooling system which, coupled withthe reduced length of the gas ventilation system exhaust, serves to reduce the tank'sthermal signature.
The fire control system is automatic with manual override for both gunner andcommander. It includes a 1V539 ballistic computer, 2E52 electro-mechanical armamentstabiliser and 1D16 laser rangefinder. The gunner has a 1K13-2 main sight, a combinedimage-intensified day / night sight and PPD-1 standby day sight. The commander has a1PZ-10 day sight and TKN-3 combined day and image-intensified night sight."The main BMP-3 armament is a 100mm 2A70 semi-automatic rifled gun / missilelauncher."

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