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Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables

# Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables

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these are very much useful to X class CBSE board exams. down load and solve the problems.
these are very much useful to X class CBSE board exams. down load and solve the problems.

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10/20/2011

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Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables
(Q.1)
When simple interest is charged, a certain principle amounts to Rs 7400 in 4 years and Rs 9200 in 7 years.Then the rate of interest is
(1 Mark)(A) 4%(B) 8%(C) 12% (D) 14%.
(Q.2)
For the equations 5x – 6y = 2 and 10x = 12y + 7
(1 Mark)(A)
there is no solution
(B)
there exists unique solution
(C)
there are two solutions
(D)
there are infinite number of solutions.

(Q.3)
If then the values of (x, y) are
(1 Mark)(A)
(a, b)
(B)
(–a, –b)
(C)
(b, –a)
(D)
(b, a).
(Q.4)
A toy train crosses 210 m and 122 m long tunnels in 25 and 17 seconds respectively. The length of the train is
(1 Mark)(A)
13 m
(B)
65 m
(C)
332 m
(D)
88 m
(Q.5)
The ratio between a two-digit number and the sum of digits of that number is 4 : 1. If the digit in the unit placeis 3 more than the digit in the tenth place, what is that number ?
(1 Mark)(A) 63 (B) 36(C) 24 (D) 12
(Q.6)
If the ratio of boys to girls in a class is B and the ratio of girls to boys is G, then B + G is
(1 Mark)(A) greater than 1 or equal to 1(B) greater than 1(C) less than 1 (D) equal to 1
(Q.7)
The income of P and Q are in the ratio 3 : 2 and expenses are in the ratio of 5 : 3. If both save Rs 200, What isthe income of P ?
(1 Mark)(A) Rs 700 (B) Rs 1000(C) Rs 1200 (D) Rs.1250
(Q.8) Divide 62 into two parts such that fourth part of the first and two-fifth part of the secondare in the ratio 2 : 3.
(1 Mark)(A) 24, 38 (B) 32, 30(C) 16, 32 (D) 40, 22
(Q.9)
The LCM of two numbers is 630 and their HCF is 9. If the sum of the numbers is 153, their difference is
(1 Mark)(A) 72 (B) 27(C) 81 (D) 18
(Q.10)
The sum of the digits of a two digits number is 8. If the digits are reversed, the number is decreased by 54.Find the number.
(1 Mark)(A) 35 (B) 17(C) 71(D) 53.
(Q.11)
For what value of p does the system of equations 2x – py = 0, 3x + 4y = has nonzero solution?

(1 Mark)(A) p = 6 (B) (C) (D)
(Q.12)
The solution of the system of equation and is
(1 Mark)(A) (B) (C) (D) x = 0, y = 0
(Q.13)
For what value of p will the system of equations 3x + y = 1, (2p – 1)x + (p– 1)y = (2P + 1) has no solution?
(1 Mark)(A) p = 2 (B) (C) p = 2 (D)
(Q.14)
The solution of the system of equations given by
is

(1 Mark)(A)
x = –2, y = 8
(B)
x = 4, y = – 4
(C)
x = 2, y = 6
(D)
x = 4, y = 6.

(Q.15)
For what value of k, the system of equations x + 2y = 3, 5x + ky + 7 = 0 has unique solution?
(1 Mark)(A) k = 10 (B) All real values except 10(C) All natural numbers except 10(D) K 10
(Q.16)
For what value of k, the system of equations kx – y = 2, 6x – 2y = 3 has infinitely many solutions?
(1 Mark)(A) k = 3(B) (C)
k = 6
(D)
Does not exist.

(Q.17) For what values of a and b will the equations 2x + 3y = 7, (a – b)x + (a + b)y = (3a + b – 2)represent coincident lines?
(1 Mark)(A) a = 5, b = – 1 (B) a = 5, b = 1(C) a = –5, b = – 1 (D) a = 5, b = – 1
(Q.18)
The solution of the system of equations and is
(1 Mark)(A)
x = 1, y = 2
(B) x = 0, y = 0(C) x = – 1, y = 2 (D) x = 1, y = –2
(Q.19)
Which of the following system of equations has infinitely many solutions?
(1 Mark)(A) (B) (C) (D)
All of these.

(Q.20)
Which of the following system of equations has no solution ?
(1 Mark)(A)
3x + y = 2, 9x + 3y = 6
(B)
4x – 7y + 28 = 0, 5y – 7x + 9 = 0
(C)
3x – 5y – 11 = 0, 6x – 10y – 7 = 0
(D)
None of these.

(Q.21)
The solution of the system of equations 2x –3y+4xy = 0 and 6x + 5y – 2xy = 0 is
(1 Mark)(A)
x = 0, y = 0
(B)
x = 1, y = –2
(C)
Both ‘a’ and ‘b’
(D)
None of these.

(Q.22)
Which of the following system of equations is consistent?
(1 Mark)(A)
3x – y = 1, 6x – 2y = 5
(B)
4x + 6y – 7 = 0, 12x + 18y – 21 = 0
(C)
4x + 7y = 3, 8x + 14 y = 7
(D) 6x + 2y = 3, 5x + 6y = – 2.
(Q.23)
The coordinates of the point where the line 2(x – 3) = y – 8 meet the x-axis is
(1 Mark)(A)
(3, 0)
(B)
(2, 0)
(C)
(–1, 0)
(D)
(0, –1)

(Q.24)
The coordinates of the points where the lines 3x – y = 5, 6x – y = 10 meet the y-axis are
(1 Mark)(A)
(0, –5), (0, –10)
(B)
(–5, 0), (10, 0)
(C)
(5, 0), (0, –10)
(D)
(0, –5), (0, –10)

(Q.25)
The solution of the system of equations 2x + 3y + 5 = 0 and 3x – 2y – 12 = 0 is _________
(1 Mark)(A)
x = – 3, y = – 2
(B)
x = 2, y = – 3
(C)
x = 3, y = – 2
(D)
x = 12, y = 13

(Q.26) The sum of two numbers is 128 and their difference is 16. Find the number
(1 Mark)(A) 70 , 52(B) 72, 56(C) 70 , 56(D) 72 , 52
(Q.27) The coordinates of the points where the lines 5x – y = 7, 10x + y = 15 meet the y-axis
(1 Mark)(A) (0, –7), (0, 15)(B) (–7, 0), (15, 0)(C) (7, 0), (0, –15)(D) (0, -7), (0, -15)
(Q.28) Solve the following system of equation by the method of cross-multiplication. 11x + 15y = -
(1 Mark)

23 and 7x – 2y = 20
(A) x = 2, y = 2(B) x = 3, y = -3(C) x = 2, y = -3(D) x=3 ,y=4
Q.29.Solve the following system of linear equation2(ax – by) + (a + 4b) = 0 ,2(bx + ay) + (b – 4a) =0
(1 Mark)(A) x = 1, y = 2(B) x = -1/2, y = 2(C) x = 1/2 , y = -2(D) x=0 , y=0
(Q.30) Solve 2x + 3y = 11 and 2x – 4y = -24 and hence find the value of ‘m’ for which y = mx + 3
(1 Mark)(A) 1(B) 2(C) -2(D) -1
(Q.31) Solve the following system by the method of elimination ( substitution)2x – y = 5,3x + 2y =5
(1 Mark)(A) x = 1, y = 1(B) x = 2, y = 1(C) x = 3, y = 1(D) x=5 ,y=2
(Q.32) For what value of k the following system of equations has a unique solution: x – ky = 23x + 2y = -5
(1 Mark)(A) k (B) k (C) k (D) k -2/5
(Q.33) Show that the following system of equations has unique. Solution 2x – 3y = 6, x + y = 1
(1 Mark)(A) Unique solution(B) No solution(C) Infinite(D) 0
(Q.34) Solve : 4x + , 6x - and hence, find ‘p’ if y = px 2.
(1 Mark)(A) (B) 1(C) 0(D)
(Q.35) Solve for x and y : 47x + 31y = 63 , 31x + 47y = 15
(1 Mark)(A) x = -2, y = 1(B) x = 2, y = -1(C) x = 2, y = 1(D) x=3 ,y= 4<
(Q.36) Solve x + y + 2z = 9 ,2x – y + 2z = 6, 3x + y + 4z = 17
(1 Mark)(A) x = 0,y = 1,z = 2(B) x = -1,y = -2,z = -3(C) x =1,y= 2, z = 3(D) x=2 ,y= 3 z=4
(Q.37) Solve the following system of linear equation by using the method of elimination byequating the coefficients.
(1 Mark)(A)

x = (B) x = 5, y = 5(C) (D) The givenequations areLet us eliminate y. To make the coefficients of y equal, we multiply the equation (1) by and equation (2)by to getAdding equation (3) and equation (4),x =Putting in (1),Hence, the solution is.
(Q.38) Solve (2u + v) = 7uv, 3(u + 3v) = 11uv
(1 Mark)(A) u = 1, v = 0(B) u = 1, v = 3/2 (C) u = 0, v = 0 and u = 1, v = 3/2(D) u=4 v=5
(Q.39) The coordinates of the point where the line 5(x – 4) = 2y – 25 meet the x-axis
(1 Mark)(A) (4, 0)(B) (5, 0)(C) (–1, 0)(D) (0, –1)
(Q.40) What number must be added to each of the number 5,9,17,27 to make the numbers inproportion?
(1 Mark)(A) 4(B) 5(C) 6(D) 3
(Q.41) The difference between two numbers is 26 and one number is three times the other. Findthem.
(1 Mark)(A) 30, 13(B) 35, 12(C) 39, 31(D) 39, 13

(Q.42) Find the value of k for which the following syatem of equation has no solutions:2x + ky = 1; 3x 5y = 7
(1 Mark)(A) 0(B) (C) (D) 1
(Q.43) For what value of k the following equations are inconsistent? x 4y = 6, 3x + ky = 5
(1 Mark)(A) 10(B) 12(C) -12(D) -10
(Q.44) The ratio of two persons is 9:7 and the ratio of their expenditure is 4:3. If each of themsaves Rs 200 per month, find their monthly incomes
(1 Mark)(A) 1000,800(B) 1800,1400(C) 1600,1200(D) 1600,1400
(Q.45) 37 pens and 53 pencils together cost Rs320, while 53 pens and 37 pencils together costRs400. Find the cost of pen and that of a pencil
(1 Mark)(A) 6.50, 1.50(B) 2.50, 1.00(C) 4.50, 1.50(D) 6.50, 2.50
(Q.46) The taxi charges in a city comprise of a fixed charge together with the charge for thedistance covered. For a journey of 10 km the charge paid is Rs75 and for a journey of 15 km thecharge paid is Rs110. What will a person have to pay for traveling a distance of 25 km.
(1 Mark)(A) 220(B) 240(C) 200(D) 180
(Q.47) For what value of p does the system of equations 4x – py = 0, 5x + 6y = 0 has nonzerosolution?
(1 Mark)(A) p = 8(B) (C) (D)
(Q.48) For what value of k, will the following system of equations x + 2y + 7 = 0, 2x + ky + 14 = 0represent coincident lines
(1 Mark)(A) 2(B) 3(C) 4(D) 5
(Q.49) Solve: x + 2y + z = 7, x + 3z = 11, 2x – 3y = 1
(1 Mark)(A) x = 1, y = 2, z = -1(B) x = 2, y = 1,z = 3(C) x = -1, y = -2, z = 1(D) x = 3, y = 1, z = - 2
(Q.50) The denominator of a fraction is 7 more than the numerator. If 5 is added to each, thevalue of the resulting fraction is 1/2. The original fraction is
(1 Mark)(A) (B) (C) (D)
(Q.51)
The two lines y = 5x + 2 and y = 6x – 3 intersect at
(1 Mark)(A)
(-1, 7).
(B)
(5, 27).
(C)
(8, 14).
(D)
(11, -4).

(Q.52)
Solution of 4x + 3y = 18xy and 4x – 10y + 8xy = 0 is
(1 Mark)(A)
x = ½ and y = 1/3.
(B)
x = ¼ and y = 1/3.
(C)
x = -1/2 and y = -1/3.
(D)
x = -1 and y= -3.

(Q.53)
If x + y = 6 and 3x – y = 4, then x – y is equal to
(1 Mark)(A)
-1.
(B)
0.
(C)
2.
(D)
4.

(Q.54)
(1 Mark)(A) (B) (C) (D)
(Q.55)
If the equations 4x + 7y = 10 and 10x + ky = 25 represent coincident lines, thenthe value of k is
(1 Mark)(A)
5.
(B)
17/2.
(C)
27/2.
(D)
35/2.

(Q.56)
The system of equations 2x + ky = 11 and 5x – 7y = 5 has no solution if the valueof k is
(1 Mark)(A)
13/5.
(B)
-13/5.
(C)
-14/5.
(D)
-16/5.

(Q.57)
The equations 3x – 4y = 5 and 12x – 16y = 20 have
(1 Mark)(A)
no common solution.
(B)
exactly one common solution.
(C)
exactly two common solutions.
(D)
infinitelymany slutions.

(Q.58)
The system of equations 2x + 3y = 5 and kx – 6y = 8 has unique solution if thevalue of k is
(1 Mark)(A)
-8.
(B)
-4.
(C)
4.
(D)
8.

(Q.59)
The point of intersection of the system of equations 2x + y = 3 and 2x – 3y = 7 is
(1 Mark)(A)
(4, 3).
(B)
(3, 2).
(C)
(2, -1).
(D)
(1, -1).
(Q.60)
If 5x + 7y =3 and 15x + 21y = k represent coincident lines, then the value of k is
(1 Mark)(A)
10.
(B)
9.
(C)
8.
(D)
7.

(Q.61) If 3x – 5y = 5 and
then the value of x - y is

(1 Mark)(A)
9.
(B)
6.
(C)
4.
(D)
3.

(Q.62)
If 2x + 3y = 34 and then the value of 5y + 7x is

(1 Mark)(A)
75.
(B)
78.
(C)
82.
(D)
85.

(Q.63) If 4x + 5y = 83 and , then y x will be equal to
(1 Mark)(A)
3.
(B)
4.
(C)
7.
(D)
11.

(Q.64)
(1 Mark)

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