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Principles of Islamic Faith

Principles of Islamic Faith

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1
Al-`AqidahAl-Wasitiyah
Principles of Islamic FaithBy
(Sheikh Ul Islam)
Ahmad Ibn Taymiyyah
(1263-1328 CE) 
Translation by Dr. Assad Nimer Busool
2
nd
Edition
IQRA' International Educational Foundation
 
2
About the Author
Taqi ad-Din Ahmad ibn Taymiyyah
(January 22, 1263-1328), was a SunniIslamicscholar born in Harran, located in what is now Turkey, close to the Syrianborder. Helived during the troubled times of the Mongolinvasions. As a member of the schoolfounded by Ibn Hanbal, he soughtthe return of Islamto its sources: the Qur'anand theSunnah.
1.^
 abcd 
http://atheism.about.com/library/FAQs/islam/blfaq_islam_taymiyyah.htm2.
^
http://www.muslimphilosophy.com/ip/rep/H039.htm3.
^
http://www.muslimphilosophy.com/ip/rep/H039.htm4.
^
Mountains of Knowledge, pg 2225.
^
Mountains of Knowledge, pg 220
 
3
Taqi ud-Din Abu-l-'Abbas Ahmad Ibn 'Abd al-Halim Ibn 'Abd as-Salam IbnTaymiyyahal-Harrani al-Hanbali
 ,
was born on Monday the 10th of 
 Rabi' al-Awwal
66lH./22nd of January 1263C.E. at Harran. His father fled with his family from
 Harran
toDamascus in the year 667 H./1268 C.E. out of fear of the Tatars (Mongols) who invadedthe land of Islam and were very close to Harran. In Damascus, the center of Islamicstudies at that time,
Ahmad Ibn Taymiyyah
followed in the footsteps of his father whowas a scholar of Islamic studies by studying with the great scholars of his time, amongthema woman scholar by the name
Zainab bint Makki
who taught him
hadith
.He completed his studies when he was a teenager and at age 19 he became a professor of Islamic studies. Well versed in Qur'anic studies,
 Hadith, fiqah
, theology, Arabic grammarand scholastic theology, etc., he started giving
 fatwas
on religious legal matters withoutfollowing any of the traditional legal schools, the
 Hanafi, Maliki, Shafi
'i and
 Hanbali
. Hedefended the sound prophetic traditions by arguments which, although taken from the
Qur'an
and the
Sunnah
, had hitherto been unfamiliar to people of his time. The freedomofhis polemics made him many enemies among the scholars of the traditional OrthodoxSchools, who falsely accused him, of all kinds of heretical beliefs. Among them was thefamous Muslim medieval traveler,
 Ibn Batutah
, who visited Damascus while
 IbnTaymiyyah
was in jail. This did not hinder
 Ibn Batutah
in testifying in his book that "hewitnessed
 IbnTaymiyyah
on the pulpit saying, 'every night Allah descends to the lowerheaven like my descent', and he descended one step down the pulpit".1Fromreading this
'aqidah
we learn that
 IbnTaymiyyah
accepted the attributes of Allah without questioning
(bi-la kaifa).
2He fought heretical innovations in religion which were wide spread during his time allover the Muslim world, especially certain acts and beliefs of some
Sufi
orders, like saintworship and visiting saints' tombs, and throwing themselves in the fire. His attack on the
sufis
caused him a lot of trouble with the authorities whose leaders were under theinfluence of certain
sufi
leaders.
 Ibn Taymiyyah
’s
fight was not limited to the
sufis
and the people who followed theheretical innovations; in addition, he fought against the
Tatars
who attacked the Muslimworld and almost reached Damascus. The people ofSyria sent him to Egypt to urge theMamluke Sultan, the Sultan of Egypt and Syria to lead his troops to Syria to save it fromthe invading
Tatars
. When he realized that the Sultan was hesitant to do what he asked of him, he threatened the Sultan by saying: "If you turn your back on Syria we will appointa Sultan over it who can defend it and enjoy itat the time of peace". He was present at the
 Battle of 
Shaqhab
near Damascus against the
Tatars
which took place during the fastingmonth of 
 Ramadan
and gave a
 fatwa
to the army to break their fast in order to help themagainst their enemy, as the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) did during the battleofthe liberation of 
 Makkah
. The Muslims won the battle against the
Tatars
and drovethemaway from Damascus and all Syria.
 Ibn
Taymiyyah
’s
courage was expressed whenhe went with a delegation of 
'ulama' 
to talk to
Qazan
the
Khan
ofthe
Tatars
to stop hisattack on the Muslims. Not one of the
'ulama' 
dared to say anything to him except
 IbnTaymiyyah
who said:

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