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Perfectul Prezent Simplu ( Present Perfect )

Perfectul Prezent Simplu ( Present Perfect )

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Published by: eu_tu_23 on Jan 20, 2010
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05/29/2013

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Perfectul Prezent Simplu ( Present Perfect)
In lectia aceasta vom vedea cum se formeaza sicand se intrebuinteaza Perfectul Prezent alunui verb.A. FORMAREPerfectul Prezent se formeaza cu auxiliarul tohave( have, has ) urmat de participiul trecut alverbului de conjugat.( Nu uitati: la un verb regulat, participiul trecutse formeaza prin adaugarea terminatiei -ed; laverbele neregulate, el reprezinta a treia formade baza.)1. Forma afirmativa:I have arrived You have arrivedHe has arrivedWe have arrived You have arrivedThey have arrived2. Forma interogativa :Have I arrived ?Have you arrived ?Has he arrived ?Has she arrived ?Have we arrived ?Have you arrived ?Have they arrived ?
 
3. Forma negativa :I have not arrived You have not arrivedHe has not arrivedShe has not arrivedWe have not arrived You have not arrivedThey have not arrived4. Forma interogativ-negativaHave I not arrived ?Have you not arrived ?Has he not arrived ?Has she not arrived ?Have we not arrived ?Have you not arrived ?Have they not arrived ?IMPORTANT !!!Perfectul Prezent se foloseste cel mai adeseaatunci cand dorim sa scoatem in evidenta unefect pe care il are in prezent o actiunedesfasurata in trecut.Ex: I have eaten = Am mancat (deci nu mai imieste foame).Somebody has stolen my pen = Cineva mi-afurat stiloul (asadar nu mai am cu ce scrie)B. INTREBUINTARE (cand folosim acest aspectal Prezentului in vorbire)
 
1.Perfectul Prezent descrie o actiune trecuta,ale carei efecte se fac inca simtite in prezentI have sold my car. Eu mi-am mandutmasina(efect=trebuie sa merg la slujba cuautobuzul)He has read that book. El a citit acea carte(efect=ii cunoaste continutul)2. Perfectul Prezent se foloseste impreuna cuindicatori temporali nedefiniti, cum ar fi: ever,never, before, yet, already, dar niciodata cuindicatori temporali definiti, precum yesterday,last week, a month ago.She has never seen such a car. Ea niciodata nua vazut o asemenea masina.I have already solved that problem. Eu deja amrezolvat acea problema.3. Perfectul Prezent se foloseste pentru adescrie o actiune care a inceput in trecut si secontinua si in momentul vorbirii(aceeasi partea zilei, aceeasi zi, acelasi an, etc).We haven't eaten today yet. Azi inca nu ammancat.4. Folosit impreuna cu just acest timp descrieceea ce s-a intamplat de curand. In romanaacest lucru se exprima cu perfectul compus siadverbul tocmai.

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