Bolsheviks who did not feel the nation could properly fight the Germans,considering their own devastated economy.
In order to prevent the Sovietcitizens from growing tired of toiling under Communism and turning to thenew German fascism that loomed on the political horizon, the CommunistParty slowly shifted to more moderate social and economic policies. Bylowering required production rates for the Second Five-Year [AgriculturalProduction] Plan, reducing the state’s high number of arrests anddeportations, and enthusiastically proclaiming the Soviet’s 1933 harvest asfecund and prosperous, the Soviet leadership created enthusiasm amongthe people and increased the populous’ loyalty to Stalin by once againmaking it seem as though “there were no one to take [Stalin’s] place, thatany change of leadership would be extremely dangerous.”
The Soviet state held onto this premise of an economically thrivingnation until December 1, 1934, when Sergei Kirov’s murder “changed theatmosphere in the Soviet Union from the prevailing moderation to a frenzyof mass terror suddenly and unexpectedly.”
Rumors of Stalin’s possibleinvolvement in Kirov’s murder immediately swirled around the populous, butthe government shifted that focus back toward those oppositionists whootherwise allegedly planned Kirov’s assassination and were thought to beplanning other “active military uprisings” in conjunction with foreign nations
Suny, p. 258.
Suny, p. 258.
Suny, p. 260.