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South Korea: Disposable labour: Rights of migrant workers in South Korea

South Korea: Disposable labour: Rights of migrant workers in South Korea

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Published by AmnestyKorea

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Published by: AmnestyKorea on Jan 21, 2010
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05/31/2012

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DISPOSABLELABOUR
RIGHTS OFMIGRANT WORKERSIN SOUTH KOREA
 
Amnesty International is a global movement of 2.2 million people in more than150 countries and territories who campaign to end grave abuses of human rights.Our vision is for every person to enjoy all the rights enshrined in the UniversalDeclaration of Human Rights and other international human rights standards.We are independent of any government, political ideology, economic interestor religion – funded mainly by our membership and public donations.
Amnesty International PublicationsFirst published in 2009 byAmnesty International PublicationsInternational SecretariatPeter Benenson House1 Easton StreetLondon WC1X 0DWUnited Kingdomwww.amnesty.org© Amnesty International Publications 2009Index: ASA 25/001/2009Original language: EnglishPrinted by Amnesty International,International Secretariat, United KingdomAll rights reserved. This publication is copyright, butmay be reproduced by any method without fee for advocacy,campaigning and teaching purposes, but not for resale.The copyright holders request that all such use be registeredwith them for impact assessment purposes. For copying inany other circumstances, or for re-use in other publications,or for translation or adaptation, prior written permission mustbe obtained from the publishers, and a fee may be payable.
Cover photo 
: Campaign badges from Solidarity with Migrants,an association of non-governmental organizations based inBusan, South Korea. © Amnesty International
 
 Disposable Labour: Rights of migrant workers in South Korea Amnesty International October 2009 AI Index: ASA 25/001/2009 
1
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.
 
INTRODUCTION AND SUMMARY..............................................................2
 
2.
 
BACKGROUND........................................................................................6
 
2.1.
 
Trainee systems and EPS
..............................................................................................7
 
2.2.
 
Entertainment visa
.......................................................................................................8
 
2.3.
 
International legal framework
........................................................................................9
 
2.4.
 
Government due diligence
..........................................................................................11
 
3.
 
SHORTCOMINGS OF EPS.......................................................................13
 
3.1.
 
Discrimination
...........................................................................................................18
 
3.2.
 
Change of employment
...............................................................................................20
 
3.3.
 
Unfair dismissal
........................................................................................................23
 
4.
 
PROBLEMS IN THE PRE-DEPARTURE AND RECRUITMENT PROCESS......25
 
4.1.
 
Recruitment process: corruption and exploitation
..........................................................25
 
4.2.
 
False promises
..........................................................................................................27
 
4.3.
 
HIV testing
................................................................................................................30
 
5.
 
PROBLEMS IN THE ARREST AND DETENTION OF IRREGULAR MIGRANTWORKERS.......................................................................................................33
 
5.1.
 
Violations of immigration and arrest procedures
............................................................35
 
5.2.
 
Deaths and injuries while fleeing and in custody
...........................................................41
 
5.3.
 
Deportation
...............................................................................................................47
 
5.4.
 
Detention centres
......................................................................................................49
 
5.4.1.
 
Conditions in detention
..........................................................................................50
 
6.
 
WORKING CONDITIONS.........................................................................53
 
6.1.
 
Rest days, pay and benefits
........................................................................................53
 
6.2.
 
Withheld wages
.........................................................................................................60
 
6.3.
 
Sexual harassment and violence
..................................................................................63
 
7.
 
HEALTH AND SAFETY............................................................................68
 
7.1.
 
Industrial accidents
...................................................................................................72
 
7.2.
 
Industrial accident compensation
................................................................................75
 
7.3.
 
Childcare
..................................................................................................................78
 
8.
 
ENTERTAINMENT WORK SCHEME.........................................................80
 
8.1.
 
Trafficking
................................................................................................................81
 
8.1.1.
 
Elements of trafficking
...........................................................................................84
 
8.1.2.
 
Inability to access justice
.......................................................................................87
 
9.
 
TRADE UNION ACTIVITIES.....................................................................89
 
9.1.
 
MTU’s legal status
.....................................................................................................89
 
9.1.1.
 
Domestic and international standards
......................................................................90
 
9.2.
 
Crackdown against MTU leadership
.............................................................................92
 
10.
 
RECOMMENDATIONS............................................................................95
 

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