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The Effects of Consumerism on the Environment

The Effects of Consumerism on the Environment

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Published by Menezes Chilongo
Essay written by Menezes Chilongo
contact : menezeschilongo@live.com
All right reserved
Essay written by Menezes Chilongo
contact : menezeschilongo@live.com
All right reserved

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Published by: Menezes Chilongo on Jan 21, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/08/2013

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Essay written by MENEZES CHLONGO. ©All right reserved Page 1
THE EFFECTS OF CONSUMERISM ON THE ENVIRONMENTAt present , the rate of consumption is increasing at an alarming rate , that is, today people often wish to increase their buying and spending power and buy more products so theycan keep up with others . Because of this huge , continuosly increasing consumer demand, the planet itself has been out of balance for many years , and this imbanlance is now showingitself in form of climate change . Climate change and its resulting effect will continue toworsen and is the the first sign of what is expected to become an environmental disaster around the year 2025 (Mia , 2007). There are two main effects of consumerism on theenvironment namely: Environmental degradation and pollution.To begin with, environmental degradation is one of the impacts of consumerim on theenvironment. High leves of consumption and production require larger imputs of energy andgenerate larger quantities of waste by products ( Orecchia, 2007). Moreover , this excessivedemand for consumer products has created most of the current environmental imbalances andthese imbalances have already caused ecological disaster in different places all over the world(Mia , 2008). Futhermore , our consumption of food can also effect the environment becauseof the amount of land needed to produce food and the water required to farm livestock andcrops. With the ever continuing increase in environmental demage there will come a timewhere this will reach a point of no return , whereby the planet will no longer be able tosupport its own functioning (Mia, 2008 ). In short, environmental imbanlances result fromhigh leves consumption . Our attention should be focused on the demand for naturalresources generated by unsustainable consumption and take this problem seriously.The second effect of consumerism on the environment , perhaps more important thanthe first one , is pollution. With the rapid growth in production of goods and materialism inmost major nation, what will happen to what remains of the invironment and its ecological
 
Essay written by MENEZES CHLONGO. ©All right reserved Page 2
functioning? ( Mia ,2008). Increased extration and exploitation of natural resourcesaccumulation of waste and concentration of pollutants can demage the environment and , onthe long run, limit economic activity. Moreover, consumption can also determineenvironmental dumping as far as developed countries shift their heaviest polluting industriesto less developed countries . In other words , developed countries consume pollutionintenseve goods produced elsewhere by developing countries (Orecchia, 2007). Plastic bagsare good example of how consumerism can effect our environment . Plastic bags effect our environment because when they are thrown out they can get washed into our water ways .when they reach the rivers and oceans , animals can get caught up in the plastic bag andsuffocate. The buying and selling of fuels is also a mojor issue because the machines it goesinto turns it into a poisonous gas ( carbon monoxide) which is omitted into the world¶satmosphere. Fothermore, with this huge consumer demand , today, we have more and morevehicles which runon motor oil and this oil pollutes our environment . In fact, used motor oilis our largest source of oil pollution and over 20 milliongallons of oil end up in our water every single year ( Stroup, 2009). Pollution is a serious problem today due to the a hugeconsumer demand .In conclusion , environmental degradation and pollution are the two main effects of consumerism on the environment .Our high rate of consum ption and the rapid growth in production of goods and materialism result in environmental devastation . It is importantthat the planet¶s worseing environmental crisis is taken seriously and action is taken to makeadequate changes and special attention should be paid to the demand for natural resourcesgenerated by unsustainable consumption and making the required lifestyle change to reducethe global pollution.

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