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Free Will - Article

Free Will - Article

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Published by Saeed AbdulRahim
An Article on Free Will drawing from the Islamic Texts, Writings and Anecdotes.
An Article on Free Will drawing from the Islamic Texts, Writings and Anecdotes.

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Published by: Saeed AbdulRahim on Jan 21, 2010
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10/24/2010

 
G_CC UHK
,
_fhqh`e lx Nf`d sr.
Kct lc oc tnc ghrqt ti rfhqc lx nf`d s ti qfx tnft H rcfkkx di`‘t j`iu unft tnc fafdclhadcgh`hthi` ig Grcc Uhkk hq. H tnisent H j`cu+ ost h` rcfkhtx tncrc frc qi lf`x dhggcrc`t gfactqig ht tnft `i oidx af` qfx uhtn f`x dcercc ig acrtfh`tx tnft tncx j`iu ig i`c dcgh`hthwcdcgh`hthi`. F`d+ f`xi`c uni akfhlq ti j`iu i`c nfq crnfq `it rcgkcatcd i` tnc qsomcatgir ki`e c`isen. Ht hq qfhd tnft i`c ig tnc qhe`q ig j`iukcdec hq h` J`iuh`e unft xis di`‘tj`iu.Tncrc hq f` h`tcrcqth`e qtirx foist tnc thlc unc` Rrinct Linfllfd q.f.u.( ghrqt uc`tti Lfdh`f Nhq Erfac Fxiso F`qfrh ufq nhq niqt+ h` tnc cwc`h`e fq tncx rcthrcd uhtn tncescqt h` tnc eris`d gkiir riil tnc niqt uc`t ti tnc ghrqt gkiir riil+ f`d fq nc st nhq giith`ti tnft riil f tnisent iaasrrcd ti nhl tnft nhq giit lfx oc foiwc tnc qit uncrc tncLcqqc`ecr ig Fkkfn ufq+ qi fq f lfrj ig rcqcat nc qtccd fufx gril tnft qit+ ost tnc`fq nc liwcd ti f `cu qit+ f`itncr tnisent aflc ti nhl tnft crnfq ht ufq tnft `cuqit unhan ufq foiwc tnc qit uncrc tnc Lcqqc`ecr ig Fkkfn ufq+ qi nc liwcd xct fefh`ti f`itncr qit+ f`d tnc qflc tnisent aflc ti nhl foist tnft `cu qit fq uckk+ h` tnhqufx nc jct i` liwh`e gril i`c qit ti f`itncr fkk tnrisen tnc `hent `it uhqnh`e tiqtf`d foiwc tnc frcf uncrc tnc Lcqqc`ecr ig Fkkfn ufq.Uirjh`e ist tnc dcgh`hthi` ig Grcc Uhkk hq qilc unft khjc tnft+ tnft xis jcc i` liwh`egril i`c dcgh`hthi` ti f`itncr `it j`iuh`e unc` ti qti uhtn cfan dcgh`hthi` kiijh`e fqwfkhd fq fkk itncrq.
,
@it fq Qhlrkc fq ht frrcfq ti f` s`,cgkcath`e lh`d .
Fktnisen ht qis`dq fq hg ht hq qilctnh`e gfhrkx ls`df`c f`d qhlkc ti s`dcrqtf`d+ qilccikc lfx tnh`j tnft ht hq qhlkc ti tnc ih`t tnft tncx di`‘t cwc` rcaie`h}c ht unc` tncxfrc hlkclc`th`e grcc Uhkk h` tnchr tnisent ir dcahqhi` lfjh`e riacqq.H` rcfkhtx+ tnc ai`act ig Grcc Uhkk hq gfhrkx ailkc~. Igtc` cikc uhkk rcfan f ai`aksqhi` h`trxh`e ti s`dcrqtf`d ht+ ost tnc` qilctnh`e ckqc eicq tnrisen tnchr lh`d+ f`d tnc tnisentriacqq hq tnriu` ofaj ti uncrc i`c qtfrtcd gril+ f`d xis trx fefh` ti s`dcrqtf`d ht h`tnc ai`tc~t ig tnc `cu dhlc`qhi` tnft qsrgfacd rcac`tkx
.
Ht hq f ailli`kx nckd Hqkflha Arccd unhan qfxq tnft Nslf` Och`eq frc Qscrhir ti F`eckq+f` h`dhafthi` ig unhan hq ehwc` ox Eid‘q aillf`dlc`t ti F`eckq ti oiu diu` ti Fdflgikkiuh`e nhq arcfthi`.Flirc itc`t lf`hgcqtfthi` ig tnhq qscrhirhtx hq c~kfh`cd h` tnc ockhcg tnft Nslf` Och`eqsqc tnchr Eid ehwc` ehgt ig Grcc Uhkk ti aniiqc ti uirqnh Nhl ‑ H`dccd: Eid rfhqcq f`dlfjcq lc`thi` ig uirqnhh`e ockhcwh`e nslf` och`eq ti tnc fqqclokx ig F`eckq gir tnhqwcrx rcfqi`+ f`d i` qcahfk iaafqhi`q Eid hq qfhd ti dcqac`d ti tnc kiucqt frfdhqc tircachwc rcwcrc`ac gril qsan nslf` och`eq unhan nc tnc` c~tikq h` gri`t ig tnc F`eckq.F`eckq i` tnc itncr nf`d frc f arcfthi` unhan dicq `it iqqcqq Grcc Uhkk+ qi anihac hq `itf gfatir h` tnchr uirqnh ig Eid.
Ec`hcq
F`itncr arcfthi` ig Eid tnft nfq occ` erf`tcd tnhq ehgt ig Grcc Uhkk frc tnc Ec`hcq unhanh`aksdc+ fq tnc nslf` rfac dicq+ tnc ockhcwh`e i`cq fq uckk fq tnc `i`,ockhcwh`e i`cq tnc
6
 
ailkhf`t i`cq f`d tnc dhqiocxh`e i`cq+ f`d ht ufq i`c qsan h`gflisq `i`,ailkhf`tEc`hc j`iu` ox tnc `flc Hokccq uni sqcd nhq Grcc Uhkk ti frrieftc nhlqckg f`d dhqiocxcdEid ox rcgsqh`e ti oiu diu` ti Fdfl unc` h`qxtrsatcd ti di qi ox Eid.Tnc dhggcrc`ac octucc` Qftf`‘q qtftsq h` Hqkfl f`d tnft ig itncr gfhtnq uncrc nc hqtnisent ig fq f gfkkc` F`eck frhqcq dsc ti tnc gfat tnft unhkqt nc rcqhdcd h` frfdhqc f`dkhwcd fli`eqt tnc F`eckq+ nc ufq `cwcrtnckcqq ig f dhggcrc`t arcfthi` och`e f Ec`hc.
6
Dhwh`c f`d Nslf` Uhkk.
Ht uhkk oc sqcgsk+ hg ft tnc istqct+ uc akcfrkx qcc h` isr h` isr lh`dq tnc dhggcrc`ac octucc`tnc tui Uhkkq+ i`c och`e tnc
Dhwh`c Uhkk
f`d tnc itncr och`e tnc
Nslf` Uhkk.
H` tcrlq ig Dhwh`c Uhkk+ ht uhkk nck gsrtncr hg uc frc dcccr f`d kiij ft tnc dhggcrc`acoctucc` Dhwh`c ‛
Irdfh`lc`t
“ f`d Dhwh`c ‛
Rcrlhqqhi`
.“ Ti
irdfh`
qilc tnh`e fq uc fkk j`iu+ lcf`q ti hqqsc f` irdcr. F`d+ hg Fkkfn Irdfh`q ht girqilci`c ti ockhcwc h` Nhl+ nfq tnft crqi`‘q Nslf` Uhkk eit f`x anihac9 H` tnhq qc`qc+Grcc Uhkk nfq `i frt ti kfx h` uni uirqnhq Eid. Tnc Vsrf` qtftcq h` i`c ig qcwcrfkwcrqcq dcfkh`e uhtn tnc qsomcat tnft ht hq s ti Fkkfn unil Nc Eshdcq ti Nhq ftn.
?
Ncrc uc qcc wcrx akcfrkx tnft ht hq s ti tnc Uhkk ig Eid uniqicwcr Nc uhqncq ti eshdc tinhlqckg+ nc`ac Eid hq wcrx lsan f dctcrlh`h`e gfatir h` dcahdh`e uni ectq nhq eshdf`ac+Grcc Uhkk i` ht‘q iu` i` tnc frt ig nslf` och`eq hq`‘t tnc qikc arhtcrhf h` tnhq+ fq qilcuiskd khjc ti ockhcwc.
Qi+ uni frc tniqc unil Fkkfn eshdcq9
Tncqc h`aksdc tniqc uni tsr` ti Nhl ockhcwh`eh` Nhl f`d tncrcgirc tnhq hq uncrc Grcc Uhkk hq fkhcd uncrc i`c lfjcq f ai`qahisqdcahqhi` ti tsr` ti Eid f`d ti tsr` ti Nhl h` tnc nic ig rcachwh`e nhq eshdf`ac+ f`d ht hqqthkk f nic+ ocafsqc cwc`tsfkkx ht hq s ti Eid unil nc faactq fq nhq uirqnhcr, lsankhjc unc` xis dcahdc fq xisr iu` rcriefthwc +uni uhkk oc xisr grhc`dq.Lhrfakcq di nfc`+ f`d lf`x f` Fctnhqtq nfwc occ` orisent ti tnc ftn fgtcr f Whqhi`.Ai`trfqth`ekx+ Uc qcc gril qilc itncr wcrqcq h` tnc Vsrf` tnft+ tniqc uni frcs`girts`ftc ti tnc c~tc`t tnft tncx di `it ect Eid‘q eshdf`ac9 h`aksdc tniqc uni frcs`msqt+ tniqc uni frc ehwc` ti uri`e dih`e f`d tniqc uni frc rcockkhisq trf`qercqqirq.Tnsq+ Unhkqt Grcc Uhkk kfxq i`kx f frthfk rikc h` uirqnhh`e Eid+ Nslf` Uhkk i` tncitncr nf`d hq f Rrhlc Gfatir h` tnc tsr`h`e fufx gril Eid.
Dhwh`c ‛Uhkk“ f`d Dhwh`c ‛Uhqn“
F qtftclc`t tnft hq igtc` gis`d h` rckhehisq tc~tq fariqq dhggcrc`t rckhehi`q hq tnft ‛Unftqicwcr Eid Uhkkq nfc`q f`d unftqicwcr Nc dicq `it Uhkkq dicq `it nfc`“.H tncrgirc ui`dcr hg Uhkk hq tnc rhent uird ti sqc unc` rcgcrrh`e ti tnc aillhqqhi` ig qh`qox cikc+ ocafsqc hg Eid Uhkkq cikc ti qh` tnc` niu af` nc s`hqn tncl9 Ai`gsqhi`igtc` iaasrq unc` trf`qkfth`e tc~t gril i`c kf`esfec h`ti f`itncr rcqskth`e h` tnc kiqq ig ai`tc~tsfk lcf`h`e.Gir h`qtf`ac+ i`c wcrqc ig tnc Vsrf`+
hg tfjc` khtcrfkkx 
+ uiskd lcf` tnft Fkkfn Uhkkq gircikc ti ei fqtrfx
1
tnc sqc ig tnc Uird Uhkk h` tnc trf`qkfthi` ig tnhq wcrqc qcclq h`ai`trfdhathi` uhtn tnc Dhwh`c fttrhostc ig och`e
Tnc Grcvsc`t Girehwcr 
+
Tnc Liqt 
6
Vsf` 6>=32
?
Vsf` ?4= 47
1
Vsf` 7=65
?
 
Oc`cghac`t 
f`d tnc
Liqt Lcrahgsk 
f`d tnc Rrinctha dcqarh tnft
 Fkkfn kiwcq cikclirc tnf` f litncr kiwcq ncr `cu oir` `srqh`e anhkd.
Ai`trfqth`ekx+ tnc sqc ig tnc qflc uird Uhkk unc` sqcd h` f dhggcrc`t ai`tc~t f`d afrrxh`ef dhggcrc`t lcf`h`e tnf` tnc foiwc s`dcrqtiid lcf`h`e ig Aillf`d f`d Irdfh`lc`tfcfrq ti ai`wcx tnc lcqqfec airrcatkx unc` h` f`itncr wcrqc tnc Vsrf` sqcq tnc qflcuird Uhkk ost tnhq thlc ht nfq occ` sqcd ti lcf`
Anihac ir Grcc Uhkk 
rftncr tnf` fAillf`d ir f Ailskqhi`+ kcfwh`e cikc ti dcahdc uni uhkk ockhcwc f`d uni uhkkdhqockhcwc.
4
 H` tcrlq ig rctrhosthi`+ tnc Vsrf` akcfrkx qtftcq tnft H`dccd
 Fkkfn dicq `it uri`e cikc ft fkk: ht hq cikc uni uri`e tnclqckwcq
3
+ h` tcrlq ig lhqgirts`c tnc Vsrf`qtftcq tnft unftcwcr lhqgirts`cq ocgfkkq sq ht hq tnc ai`qcvsc`ac ig unft isr iu` nf`dqnfwc qc`t fncfd ig sq f`d Fkkfn girehwcq lf`x ig isr qh`q
7
Dhwh`c ‛Uhqn“ rftncr tnf` Uhkk
H tncrcgirc ui`dcr+ hg uc aiskd `it di octtcr+ tnft h` afqcq uncrc dhqockhcg f`d aillhqqhi`ig qh`q tfjc kfac+ h`qtcfd ig sqh`e tnc uird Uhkk uc sqc h`qtcfd tnc uird ‛Uhqn“ tih`dhaftc Dhwh`c dhqkcfqsrc. Ocafsqc+ unc` uc sqc tnc uird Uhqn uc frc lcrckx h`dhafth`ef dcqhrc rftncr tnf` qtfth`e f` iomcathwc+ f`d qi+ unc` uc uhqn+ uc frc c~rcqqh`e fdcqhrc ig unft uc uiskd khjc ti qcc nfc` `it tnft uc nfwc f`x h`tc`thi` ig c`qsrh`etnft ht nfc`q. Niucwcr+ unc` uc ‛Uhkk“ gir qilctnh`e ti nfc`+ tnc` h` tnc `irlfthwcqc`qc ig tnc uird uc frc dih`e lirc tnf` msqt uhqn+ ost frc ofajh`e tnft uhqn uhtn f`hlkhcd h`tc`thi` ti chtncr gfahkhtftc ir afsqc tnft uhkk ti nfc`.Niu igtc` di uc ncfr cikc qfx ‛In& H uhqn tnft qi f`d qi eicq fufx“+ f`d h` qilcafqcq cikc uhkk ei ti ercft kc`etnq ti nhdc gril tniqc tnft tncx di `it uhqn ti qcc.Ai`trfqth`ekx+ unc` uc uhqn gir qilci`c ti ailc f`d whqht sq+ tnc` uc di`‘t msqt uhqn girtnft ti nfc` ost uc ‛uhkk“ ht h` tnc qc`qc tnft uc tfjc qtcq ti h`whtc tnft crqi` f`d diisr ocqt ti c`qsrc tnft tncx frc ailh`e.
Dhwh`c Uhkk f`d Dhwh`c Uhqn
uirj h` f qhlhkfrgfqnhi`.Gir tniqc uni nfwc cfr`cd Eid‘q dhqkcfqsrc Nc lcrckx ‛
Uhqncq
“ gir tncl ti ei,fufxuhtnist fatsfkkx afsqh`e tnchr qtrfxh`e. Niucwcr+ ti tniqc uni dcqcrwc tnc Erfac Nc ‛
Uhkkq
“ ht gir tncl ti oc drfu` tiufrdq nhlqckg f`d fatsfkkx hlkclc`tq tnft. Nc gfwisrqtncl ox lfjh`e tnchr ftn tiufrdq Nhl cfqx h`whth`e tncl tnrisen rcwckfthi` ig Qarhtsrcq ir ox h`qhrfthi` ir fq h` tnc afqc ig Liqcq ox dhrcat ai`wcrqfthi`.
5
H` lf`x afqcq tnisen+ Dhwh`c ‛Uhkk“ hq tnc dctcrlh`h`e gfatir ox ufx ig f aillf`d+dcarcc ir irdfh`lc`t fq h` tnc arcfthi` ig tnc aiqliq+ tnc fktcrfthi` ig tnc `hent f`d dfx+tnc irohtfk liwclc`tq ig tnc qs`+ lii` f`d kf`ctq+ tnc anf`eh`e ig tnc ucftncr+ khgc f`dDcftn cta cta.
Dhwh`c Rcrlhqqhi`.
H qseecqt tnft cikc tsr`h`e ti Eid af` di qi h` i`c ig tui ufxq+ i`c ox Dhwh`cIrdfh`lc`t+ f`d tnc ai`wcrqhi` ig Ilfr Oh` Jnfttfo ti Hqkfl f`d tnft ig Rfsk tiAnrhqthf`htx frc afqcq h` ih`t. Oitn ucrc quir` c`clhcq ig tnchr rcqcathwc gfhtnq ocgirctnchr ai`wcrqhi`+ qi tnchr dcahqhi` ti ai`wcrt aiskd `it nfwc ailc foist fq f` c~crahqc ig Grcc Uhkk+ oitn ucrc drfu` h` ox Dhwh`c Irdfh`lc`t fq tncx crachwcd ht(.Niucwcr lf`x ai`wcrqhi`q tfjc kfac ocafsqc cikc frc fkrcfdx i` f misr`cx qccjh`etnc trstn+ tnisen `it j`iuh`e unft tnft hq. Eid hq tnc` qi kcfqcd uhtn tnchr dcqhrc ti
4
Vsf` 6>=?8
3
Vsf` 62=44
7
Vsf` ?7=12
5
Vsf` = 4=674
1

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