Intel 8088 microprocessor was released in 1979, or one year after theIntel 8086 CPU. Both processors have the same architecture, and the onlydifference of the 8088 CPU from the 8086 is the external data bus width -it was reduced from 16 bits to 8 bits. The 8088 CPU uses two consecutivebus cycles to read or write 16 bit data instead of one bus cycle for the8086, which makes the 8088 processor to run slower. On the plus sidehardware changes to the 8088 CPU made it compatible with 8080/8085support chips. This was an important factor in choosing the 8088processor for IBM PC line of computers because at that time 8-bit supportchips were cheaper than 16-bit support chips, and there was betterselection of 8-bit chips.The 8088 microprocessor has 16-bit registers, 16-bit internal data busand 20-bit address bus, which allows the processor address up to 1 MB of memory. The 8088 uses the same segmented memory addressing as the8086: the processor can address 64 KB of memory directly, and toaddress more than 64 KB of memory the CPU has to break the updateinto a few parts - update up to 64 KB of memory, change segmentregister, update another block of memory, update segment register again,and so on.Like to 8086, the 8088 microprocessor supportsIntel 8087 numeric co-processor. The CPU recognizes all Floating-Point (FP) instructions, and,when necessary, it calculates memory address for FP instruction operandand does a dummy memory read. The FPU captures the calculatedaddress and, possibly, the data, and proceeds to execute FP instruction.The CPU at the same time starts executing the next instruction. Thus,both integer and floating-point instructions can be executed concurrently.Original Intel 8088 microprocessor was manufactured using HMOStechnology. There were also CHMOS versions of the chip - 80C88 and80C88A. These microprocessors had much lower power consumption andfeatured standby mode.
Computers: IBM PC series, Amstrad PPC-640, etc.Die pictures:Fujitsu MBL8088