interpretation of all of the samples of rats in the 90-day study that Monsanto itself sponsored.After analyzing the data, theEuropean researchers came to the conclusion:"Effects were mostly concentrated in kidney and liver function, the two major diet detoxificationorgans, but in detail differed with each GM type. In addition, some effects on heart, adrenal,spleen and blood cells were also frequently noted. As there normally exists sex differences inliver and kidney metabolism, the highly statistically significant disturbances in the function of these organs, seen between male and female rats, cannot be dismissed as biologicallyinsignificant as has been proposed by others. We therefore conclude that our data stronglysuggests that these GM maize varieties induce a state of hepatorenal toxicity.[...] Thesesubstances have never before been an integral part of the human or animal diet and thereforetheir health consequences for those who consume them, especially over long time periods arecurrently unknown."
notes that Greenpeace, an activist environmental group sponsored the scientists'research -- they had to sue to obtain the raw data in the first place, and that the IJBS is relativelyobscure. Leading nutrition professor Dr. Marion Nestle wrote onher blog about the study, "Ifound the paper extremely difficult to read, in part because it is written in exceptionally denseand opaque language, and in part because it presents the data in especially complicated tablesand figures."Monsanto claimsthat the study employed "non-traditional statistical methods toreassess toxicology data from studies conducted with MON 863, MON 810 and NK603 cornvarieties" and that the IJBS paper reaches "unsubstantiated conclusions."The IJBS study itself strenuously suggests more testing over two years rather than 90 days toevaluate the long-term health impacts, and by independent researchers rather than Monsantoitself. The study also points out that Monsanto conducted the study only once rather thanmultiple times, and only tested one species -- rats -- and emphasizes that testing on moremammals of this GM maize is needed to reach any kind of conclusion on safety. This maize isused as both animal feed and for human consumption.According to the FDA's website, the agency concludes that genetic engineering that occurred inthe maize varieties,MON 810,NK603,MON 863was not different enough from past approved
products and did not need a pre-market review. The FDAessentially takes Monsanto's wordthatthe company had done adequate testing to ensure its safety, as shown clearly inthis letter.Several countries in Europe, such as Germany and France,have recently banned GM crops,specifically MON 810 after it had been approved for consumption in the European Union.Furthermore, there are no laws requiring companies to label if their products contain GMOs.Even food labeled "Organic" that is processed with multiple ingredients must only be 95%organic, leaving loopholes for obscure ingredients that are genetically modified to be included.HuffPost Blogger and Eco Etiquette columnist Jennifer Grayson has written acomprehensivearticledetailing the ways to avoid genetically modified foods in light of the fact that there are nolabeling requirements in the US.
So the facts are as follows: We eat corn and corn derivatives that have been geneticallymodified, which has been banned forbeing unsafe in other countries-- the FDA has not