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Shri Harinama Mahamantra (Hindi)

Shri Harinama Mahamantra (Hindi)

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Published by Mukesh K. Agrawal
The Hare Krishna mantra, also referred to as Maha Mantra ("Great Mantra") is a sixteen word Vaishnava mantra. The words "Hare Krishna" are part of a mantra comprising three Sanskrit names of God (Vishnu), Hari, Krishna and Rama, in the vocative case. Hare may also be interpreted as the vocative of a female name Harā, a name of Radha. All three names are in the Vishnu sahasranama, Rama and Krishna are the 7th and 8th Maha Avatara of Vishnu. As names, Hari translates to "golden one", Krishna translates to "black".

The mantra was popularized by Chaitanya Mahaprabhu roughly around 1500 CE. The reason given for Chaitanya Mahaprabhu's inversion of the mantra is that he wanted to spread it to all the fallen souls of the current Kali Yuga, regardless of qualification. Since there were injunctions that the Vedic mantras (including those in Upanishads) are not to be chanted publicly or by members of the lower castes, Chaitanya Mahaprabhu reversed the two halves so as not to offend the orthodox Brahmins, claiming it to be equally potent either way, and in the altered form it could be freely distributed and chanted in public. He then began his mission to spread this mantra publically to 'every town and village' in the world, travelling exstensively throughout India, distributing the Maha-Mantra.


The practice of chanting the Hare Krishna mantra is recommended in Puranic, Pañcaratra, and throughout Vaishnava literature in general, for example:

"All the grievous sins of one who worships Lord Sri Hari, the Lord of all lords, and chants the holy name, the Maha-mantra, are removed."—Padma Purana; Svarga Khanda 50.6

"Hare Krishna Hare Krishna, Krishna Krishna Hare Hare: Whoever chants this mantra, even neglectfully, will attain the supreme goal of life. Of this there is no doubt."— Agni Purana

"This sixteen-name, thirty-two syllable mantra is the Maha-mantra in the age of Kali by which all living beings can be delivered. One should never abandon chanting this mahamantra."—Ananta-samhita

"About this divinely spiritual Maha-mantra, which delivers one from material existence, the original guru, Lord Brahma, has said 'The srutis have declared this mantra to be the best means of deliverance in the age of Kali'. Having all heard this from Brahma, the sons and disciples of Brahma, beginning with Narada, all accepted the Hare Krishna Maha-mantra and, having meditated on it, attained perfection."—Ananta-samhita

The Hare Krishna mantra, also referred to as Maha Mantra ("Great Mantra") is a sixteen word Vaishnava mantra. The words "Hare Krishna" are part of a mantra comprising three Sanskrit names of God (Vishnu), Hari, Krishna and Rama, in the vocative case. Hare may also be interpreted as the vocative of a female name Harā, a name of Radha. All three names are in the Vishnu sahasranama, Rama and Krishna are the 7th and 8th Maha Avatara of Vishnu. As names, Hari translates to "golden one", Krishna translates to "black".

The mantra was popularized by Chaitanya Mahaprabhu roughly around 1500 CE. The reason given for Chaitanya Mahaprabhu's inversion of the mantra is that he wanted to spread it to all the fallen souls of the current Kali Yuga, regardless of qualification. Since there were injunctions that the Vedic mantras (including those in Upanishads) are not to be chanted publicly or by members of the lower castes, Chaitanya Mahaprabhu reversed the two halves so as not to offend the orthodox Brahmins, claiming it to be equally potent either way, and in the altered form it could be freely distributed and chanted in public. He then began his mission to spread this mantra publically to 'every town and village' in the world, travelling exstensively throughout India, distributing the Maha-Mantra.


The practice of chanting the Hare Krishna mantra is recommended in Puranic, Pañcaratra, and throughout Vaishnava literature in general, for example:

"All the grievous sins of one who worships Lord Sri Hari, the Lord of all lords, and chants the holy name, the Maha-mantra, are removed."—Padma Purana; Svarga Khanda 50.6

"Hare Krishna Hare Krishna, Krishna Krishna Hare Hare: Whoever chants this mantra, even neglectfully, will attain the supreme goal of life. Of this there is no doubt."— Agni Purana

"This sixteen-name, thirty-two syllable mantra is the Maha-mantra in the age of Kali by which all living beings can be delivered. One should never abandon chanting this mahamantra."—Ananta-samhita

"About this divinely spiritual Maha-mantra, which delivers one from material existence, the original guru, Lord Brahma, has said 'The srutis have declared this mantra to be the best means of deliverance in the age of Kali'. Having all heard this from Brahma, the sons and disciples of Brahma, beginning with Narada, all accepted the Hare Krishna Maha-mantra and, having meditated on it, attained perfection."—Ananta-samhita

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Published by: Mukesh K. Agrawal on Jan 21, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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