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Anglicka Gramatika Cvicebnice (B2)

Anglicka Gramatika Cvicebnice (B2)

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Published by: Enigma on Jan 21, 2010
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OBSAH
I. NOUNS (PODSTATNÁ JMÉNA) ................................................................................. 9
GENDER .............................................................................................................................. 9PLURAL ............................................................................................................................. 10IS / ARE ............................................................................................................................. 11ARTICLES: A / AN / THE / NO ARTICLE ............................................................... 12QUANTIFIERS ................................................................................................................ 15COUNTABLE / UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS ............................................................. 17MANY / MUCH / LOTS OF / LITTLE / A LITTLE / FEW / A FEW ................. 18
II. ADJECTIVES (PŘÍDAVNÁ JMÉNA) ......................................................................... 20
WORD ORDER OF ADJECTIVES ............................................................................... 20ENDINGS OF ADJECTIVES -ed / -ing ...................................................................... 20COMPARISONS .............................................................................................................. 22AS / LIKE / THAN .......................................................................................................... 23SO / SUCH A / SUCH AN / SUCH ............................................................................. 25ENOUGH / TOO ............................................................................................................. 26WORD FORMATION .................................................................................................... 28
III. ADVERBS (PŘÍSLOVCE) ......................................................................................... 30
ADJECTIVE OR ADVERB ......................................................................................... 31It feels, looks, tastes, smells, sounds good ................................................................... 31ADVERBS + ADJECTIVES: (I am terribly sorry) .....................................................
 
32ORDER OF ADVERBS ................................................................................................... 32
IV. PRONOUNS (ZÁJMENA) ....................................................................................... 34
DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS: this these, that those ............................... 34PERSONAL AND POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS: I me my mine ................... 35REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS: myself ............................................................................... 36EACH OTHER / ONE ANOTHER .............................................................................. 37INDEFINITE PRONOUNS: some, any, no ................................................................. 37EVERY / EACH ................................................................................................................. 39EITHER / NEITHER / BOTH ....................................................................................... 39RELATIVE CLAUSES AND PRONOUNS: who, what, which, that, whose ........ 40SO AM I, NEITHER / NOR AM I ................................................................................ 42
 
V. GRAMMAR TENSES (GRAMATICKÉ ČASY) .......................................................... 44
PRESENT SIMPLE (I do) / PRESENT CONTINUOUS (I am doing) ................... 44PAST SIMPLE (I did) / PAST CONTINUOUS (I was doing) ................................. 46PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE (I have done) .............................................................. 49PAST SIMPLE (I did) / PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE (I have done) .................... 50PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE (I have done) / PRESENT PERFECTCONTINUOUS (I have been doing) ....................................................................... 52FOR / SINCE ..................................................................................................................... 54PAST PERFECT SIMPLE (I had done) ........................................................................ 55PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS (I had been doing) .............................................. 56FUTURE SIMPLE (I will / shall do) ............................................................................. 57WILL / GOING TO ......................................................................................................... 58GOING TO / I AM DOING .......................................................................................... 60FUTURE CONTINUOUS (I will be doing) FUTURE PERFECT SIMPLE(I will have done) FUTURUE PERFECT CONTINUOUS(I will have been doing) ................................................................................................ 60REVISION OF TENSES ................................................................................................. 62NEGATIVES ..................................................................................................................... 63QUESTION FORMATION ........................................................................................... 64INDIRECT QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS .............................................................. 69QUESTION TAGS ........................................................................................................... 70HAVE SOMETHING DONE ........................................................................................ 72I WANT TO DO IT / I WANT YOU TO DO IT ...................................................... 73TO DO / DOING ............................................................................................................. 73TO DO / DO ..................................................................................................................... 75I USED TO DO / I AM USED TO / I AM GETTING USED TO ........................... 76
VI. MODAL VERBS (MODÁLNÍ SLOVESA) ................................................................ 77
PRESENT FORMS OF MODAL VERBS .................................................................... 77PAST FORMS OF MODAL VERBS ............................................................................. 79LANGUAGE FUNCTIONS ........................................................................................... 81
VII. PREPOSITIONS (PŘEDLOŽKY) ............................................................................ 83
PREPOSITIONS OF TIME ............................................................................................ 83PREPOSITIONS OF PLACE / MOVEMENT ............................................................ 83PAIRS OF PREPOSITIONS: between – among, over – above, under – below ... 85
 
VIII. FIXED EXPRESSIONS (USTÁLENÁ SPOJENÍ) .................................................... 87
MAKE / DO ...................................................................................................................... 87HAVE / HAVE GOT ....................................................................................................... 88GET / BECOME / GO / TURN / GROW / FALL / COME expressions................ 89FIXED EXPRESSIONS: preposition + noun .............................................................. 91FIXED EXPRESSIONS: adjective + preposition ........................................................ 92FIXED EXPRESSIONS: verb + preposition ................................................................ 92
IX. CONDITIONAL CLAUSES (PODMÍNKOVÉ VĚTY) .............................................. 97
IF / WHEN ........................................................................................................................ 97THREE TYPES OF CONDITIONAL CLAUSES ...................................................... 97WISH CLAUSES .............................................................................................................. 99
X. PASSIVE VOICE (TRPNÝ ROD) ............................................................................. 102
BY / WITH ...................................................................................................................... 104SAY / TELL / TALK / SPEAK ..................................................................................... 105
XI. INDIRECT (REPORTED) SPEECH (NEPŘÍMÁ ŘEČ) ............................................ 108
SHIFT OF TENSES IN REPORTED SPEECH ...........................................................108TIME EXPRESSIONS IN REPORTED SPEECH ..................................................... 110REPORTED QUESTIONS ........................................................................................... 112INDIRECT IMPERATIVE ........................................................................................... 113
XII. CONJUNCTIONS (SPOJKY) ............................................................................... 115
TIME CLAUSES ............................................................................................................. 115PURPOSE CLAUSES ..................................................................................................... 115CONTRAST CLAUSES ................................................................................................ 117
XIII. NUMERALS ÍSLOVKY) ................................................................................... 118XIV. BRITISH AND AMERICAN ENGLISH(BRITSKÁ A AMERICKÁ ANGLIČTINA) ................................................................ 120IRREGULAR VERBS (NEPRAVIDELNÁ SLOVESA) ................................................... 122KEY (KLÍČ) .................................................................................................................... 128SUMMARY OF GRAMMAR TENSES (PŘEHLED GRAMATICKÝCH ČASŮ) .......... 150

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