A router is used to interconnect multiple networks.The Internet is literally
,a network of networks. Internet router’s work on IP addresses to determine how best to interconnect the sender to the destination.Because router’s work at the IP layer different physical networks can be interconnected,Ethernet, Token Ring, Sonet, even RS232 serial used for dialup can carry IP packets.Routers intended for home use include Network Address Translation (NAT). This allowsa single address assigned by the ISP to be shared by multiple hosts connected to the localnetwork.
Q.)Who Created the Internet Network?
Ans: Development of the technologies that became the Internet began decades ago. Thedevelopment of theWorld Wide Web (WWW)portion of the Internet happened muchlater, although many people consider this synonymous with creating the Internet itself.No single person or organization created the modern Internet, including Al Gore,Lyndon Johnson, or any other individual. Instead, multiple people developed the keytechnologies that later grew to become the Internet:
- Long before the World Wide Web, email was the dominantcommunication method on the Internet. Ray Tomlinson developed in 1971 thefirst email system that worked over the early Internet.
- The physical communication technology underlying the Internet,Ethernetwas created by Robert Metcalfe and David Boggs in 1973.
- In May, 1974, the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers(IEEE) published a paper titled "A Protocol for Packet Network Interconnection."The paper's authors - Vinton Cerf and Robert Kahn - described a protocol calledTCP that incorporated both connection-oriented and datagram services.This protocol later became known asTCP/IP.
Q.)What are TCP Ports?ANS:
Data transmitted over a network using the
rotocol (TCP/IP), such as the Internet, includes address information that identifies thecomputer (32-bit IP address) and a port. Ports number (16-bit number) the ends of logical connections used for long-term data transfers between applications.For example port 80 is the standard
rotocol (FTP) port used by
rotocol (HTTP) to send and retrieve web pages. Service contact ports or "well-known ports" are used to provide services to unknown callers. Port numbers aredivided into three categories and ranges:
Well Known Ports
are those from 0 through 1023
are those from 1024 through 49151