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Logic Puzzles Dell Magazine

# Logic Puzzles Dell Magazine

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Logic Puzzles Dell Magazine
Logic Puzzles Dell Magazine

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05/24/2013

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LOGII
P
Irlolelrl-r
r3r
I
rHr#r;Erglilel5l
lAb*,
Txl-lTiITTTiT-]
.m-rml-n-''
En
fri-rtt+t
|r,1,:.,Hfl1-l
FFTffi
i
Ifyou
werc
care)ess.
you
mighl
witho'.rt
*rinking
put
an
X
into
!-
the
intersection
of
'Gunted
and
fiing
cobra'
Does
Mr. Gunter{
ownthe
king
cobra?
Well,
maybehe
dnes
and
maybe he
doeso't.
i
bul
clue
5really doesnt
say
anl'thing
it.
cluef,
carefirllyand
think
whatit's really
saying;
if
you
jump
to
I
a
wrongconclusion
now,you'lJ be
confilsed
later
on.
1
Now
we can
se€
at
a
glance
lhat
Abnerisn't
Mr.
Engels,
Mr.
I
Foster,
orMr.
Cunl,er.We can make
a
deduction:
Abner
must
t
be
Mr.
Halew.
We'tl
pr-rt
a
large
dot
(meaning
:yes')
in
theI
intersection
of
'Abner" and-Halera."And
that meals
we
can
-l
alsoput
)Cs
in
rheintarseclions
of
fialeqa
and
"Bruce."
'Chuck,"
ll
ar|d
-'Duare."
\^/henever
a
dot
to
lhe
grid, be
sure
ln',
Ks
youcan:
Lhej,4l
ofien
to
more
dedtrctions
|\$fam
lnls
l(
ffi
F:*FF+]T
UZZ
[\$
If
you'venever
solved
a
logic
puzzlebefore,
this
introduction
wiil
show
you how.
We'll
take
you
step
by
step
through
twosimple
logicpuzzles,
and
give
you
some
solving
tips
along
the
way.
i
logicp,.,zrl"
is a
test
ofyour
abihLy
to thinkclearly
You
don'r
need
dictionaries
or
other
reference
books
tosolve
a
logic
puzzle,
just
apencilandplentyof
common
sense'
-
Usualiy,
a logic
you
to
matchup
sets
of things'
Forexanple.youmight
be
told
lhat
four
men
each
own
anexotic
pet,
and
to
solve
the
puzzleyou'd-match
up
eachman's
firstnime
\
/ith
his last
name
andhis
kind
of
pet.
You
figrrr:e
out howto
mat
hthem
up by
studying
a
list
ofclues,
like
*Ihe
llama doesnt
belong
to
Duane."
In
order tomakesolving
fa-ster
andeasier, experiencedlogicpuzzlersuse
a
solving
gridto
record
the
information
they've
deduced.
They'vefound
that
seeing
the
inforrnationin
blackand
white,neatly
organized,helps
them
make
furiher
deductions.
lhere
are
twokindsof
solving
gridsyou'll
find
most
often:the"crosshatch"
grid
andthe
"fiIl-in"
grid.
Sometimes
you
can't
tell.whichkind
will
work
best
until
you'vespenta
lot
of
timetrying
to
solve
the
puzzle
with
the wrong
ki^d.In
Dell
logia
Puzzles,
we
figureout
which
kind
of
grid is
the
most usefulfor
eachpuzzle,
and we
print
it
on
the
same
page.Sometimes
we'll
evengive
youbothkinds
if
we
think
it
will
help.
Let'slook
at
a
typical
puzzle
that
works
best
with
a
crosshatch
grid.
PET
OWNERS
Eachof
four
men
ownsa
different
species
ofexoticpet.
.F
rom
thefollowing
clues,can
youfrgure
out
each
man's
full
name
andwhat
kind
ofpet
he
owns?
1,
Mr..Engels
(whosepet
is
named
Sparky),Abner,
and
Mr.
Foster
all
belong
to
a club
for
owners
of unusual
pets.2.
The iguana
i6n't
owrred
by
either
Chuck
or
Duane.
3.
Neither
the
jackal
northe
king
cobra
is
owned
by
Mr.
Foster.4.
The
llama
doesn'tbelong
to
Duane(whose
pet
is
named
Waggles).
5:
Abner,who
doesn't
ownthe
king
cobra,
isn't Mr.
Grint€r.
6. Bruceand
Mr.
Foster are
neighbors.7.
Mr. Halera
is
afraid
of
iguanas.
And
heret
the
crosshatch
grid:
That
was
a
fairlv
simple
deduction,
butin
orderto
solve
thispuzzle
you'll
need
to
make
somedeductions
that
are
a
little
i.i"ti...
Go
through therest
of
the
clues,and.
pu-t
Xs
into
ihein
theintersections
of'Abner"
and"Gunter,"
and
"Abner"
and
"King
cobra."
grid
whereveryoucan.
You'll
end
up with
this:
Sometimes,
with
avery
easypuzzle.
just
putting
the
informaQori
in
the
srid
is
enoush
to
make
the
solurion
lall
oul-
to
you
lhts
.
I4t's
look
first
at clue
1.
From
it
we can
see
that!{bner
isrit
Mr.
Engels
or
Mr.
Foster.
Werecord
this
information
in
thesolving
grid
by
pr-rtting
an
X
rmeaning-no",
in
the
square
atthe intersection
of
"Abner"
and"Engels,"
anil
another
X
at theintersection of"Abner- and'Foster."Nowlet's
look
at
clue 5.
From
it
we
learnthatAbner
doesn'tovfir
the
king
cobra,
and
that
Alner
isn't Mr.
Gunt€r..Put
Xs
,6
DELL LOGIC
PUZZLESFebruary
1995
in
thegrid
is
enough
to
makettresolution
fall
outto
you
This
.
putzle'i
a
bit
harder,though,and
at first
glance
th9r9
dTsn't
seem
to
be enoueh
inforrn;tionto
mal<e
any
more
deduclions'
But
the
information
is
there;
yotr
just
have
to workwitb
it
a
little-
Take apenciland
fillin
the restofthe
gnd
yourself
as
you
reail
on.
"
Mr.
Haleqr
doesrftown
thd
iguana.
Since
Abner
is
Mr'
I
(9
I
'6
-
X
x
BruceChuck
X
Duane
X

Halevy,
that
meansAbner
doesn,t
ownthe iguana
either,right?Put
an
X
in
the
int€rsection
of
,,Abner,ana
;tglru"u.
u"jyo?i"
to
makeanother
deduction:
the
iguina
i"
"*"""a-tu
and
X's
t;he
erid.
0.;;"f;
ring infornation
from
onesection
of the
grid'to
anotherl
as
lll
jl"l
919:
is
animporranr
srep
in
solving,
ald
ir'san"asy
ne
ro
overtook,)
__Bruce
isn't
Mr.
Foster,
so
Mr_
Fosterdoesn'town
the
iguana.
Voih!
Another
deduction:
Mr.
Foster
owns
the
llama_
Mr.
Fosteris
either
ChuckorDuane,
while
the
llamat
owneris
either
AbnerorChuck.
Since
both
ar"tfr"
""-"
-".r,
ifrr,,.,"i
be
Chuckwho is
Mr.
Fosterand
owns
the.llama.
Now
AbnerHaler,ls
percan
only
be
rhejackal,
and
Duane.s
pel.
by
eliminaLion,must
be
the
ldng
cobra.
Don.t
for8ct
to
a
dotat theintersectionof
"Halely;
and
,,Jackal,"
aia
tfr"
X"
that
go
rvithit.
-Ald
now
you
seem
to
be
stuck.Bruce
owns
theiguana,
and
Duane
owns
thel.ing-cobra,butyou
can.t
tell
f;;;;;
whjch.oneisMr.
Engels
and
which
one
is Mr.Gunter.
ls
th"ere
anlanrngln
the
clues
you
vemissed?
Why,
yes:
Mr.
Engels.pet
rs-named
Sparky
fclue
l/,
while
Duaoe'spelis
narned
Waeeie"
{clue
4).
so Duane
canr
be
Mr.
Engels.
Asyou
solve
i6gic
puzzles,
you'll
learn
that
youoften
ne;d
to
combi""
f;;;i*;
two
or
moreclues
to
mal<e
a
deduction.
_Sohere's
your
final
solution:Bruce
Engelsowns
thc
isuana.
ChuckFosterowns
the
llama,
Duane
Glunter
o*""
tf,?
U"?
cobra,and
Abner
Haler.yownsthe
jackcl..
At
rhis
pointyouknow
enough
to
solve
Eost
of
rhe
puzzles
m thls
magazine
that
have crosshatch
grids.you
may
wanl
to
plunge
into
solvingnow,
and
come
back
to
the
.""t
oi
tti"
introduclion
t_ackle
rt
"
purrf".
*irf,
nti_in
gnds.
lt
youdo,
be
aure!o
stan
with
the
easier puzzles
at
thebeginning
ofthe
magazine.Don,t
try
l,o
swan_divebpfore you,ve
learned
to
swlm
,Now
let's,look
ata.similar
puzzlewhere
a
crosshatrhgrid
ctoesn
t
workverywcli.MORE
PETOWNERS
Dorisand threeother
womeneach
owna
different
species
of
exotic
pel,.
From
the
following
clues,can
youfigure
out
cachwoman
s tuUname
lonpis
Ms.
Hankerrandwhat
kind
of
pelshe
ownsroneowns
a
kangaroor?
1,
All
four-Alice,
Ms-
Eiping,Ms,
Florin,and
the
ibels
"
gvne;-belgng
to
a
clutr
for
owners
ofunusual
pets.
Here's
a
hot_tip:
Very
often,
the
way
to
break
into
a
puzzle
that
hasa
fill-in
grid
isto
find
a
list
ofall
the
people
invotved-There
s
one
in
clue
I.
sowe
start
by
put[ing
each
woman
named
rn
clue
I
into
a
different
column
ofthe
srid:
FirstnameLastnamePet
A[ice
'Espinq
ffoin
i6"X
Fillin
the.rest
of
the gridyourself
as
you
on.
Ttre
jaguar
doesn'tbelong
to
Alice
(clue
B)
or Ms.Efping
(ctue
O)i
s"o
bylooking
at
ou.€rid
wecan
see
it
must
leilonitoU".
fio"i"."
-Bette
is
neither
Ms.
f'lorin
nor
the
ibex'sowner(clue
5),
so
she
must
be
Ms.
Espin!.
.
The
leopard
doesn
t
belong ro
Betle
Esping{clue2),
so
it
be-
longbto
Alice,and
by
elimiration
Lhe
kangaroo
beiongsto
BetteEsping.
.Alice,
-
ryl6_
_6q,
nsrhe
leopard,isn'L
Ms.
Glover {clue
4},
so
shp
is
Ms. Hanker.and
Ms.
Clover
is
the
ibex.s
o*n"r.
M".Glover
isn't
Chloe(clue
4),
so she
is
Doris,andChloeis
Ms.
Florin^l..nd
ll..:k
your
Bette.
Espingowns
thc
kangaroo,
{::.ruoe
I
lorln
ownsthejagrrar,
Dorjs
Gloverowns
the
ibex,and
Alice
Hairl€r
owns
the
leoDard.
Before.we
6nishup
our
inlroduction,
here
are
a
few
more
sor!,1n9
a
puzzle's
introductioncarefully,and
makesure
you
understandwhat
you're
trying
to
figure
out.
If
eachperson
Las
/rro
pets,for
example.
andyolr
assumrr
eachpersonhas
onlv
one,
youll
end
up with your
solving
grid
in
a
muddte!
A
puzzles
introduoion
somelimeJhas
a
piece
of
information
you'll
need
to
solve
the
puzzle.
For
example,
the introduction
to.a
puzzle
chart
al
a dinner party
mighttell
you
thar
nohusband
wasseated
nextto hisown
wiie.
Oirl
misslhoscimportant
clues.2.
The
leopard
dioesn,t
belone
to
Beite.
3.
The
jaguar
doesn'tbelong
to
Alice.4. Ms.
btiuer,
*ft"
a""*i
5*rr
iil"
f*o*a,
jives
noxrdoor
toChloe.
5.
Bette,who
isn't
Ms.
Florin,
doesn.r,
ownthe
ibex.
6.
Ms.
Esping
doesn't
own
r_he
iazuat.
And
here's
the
fill-in
gr-id:First
name
lfyoure
stuck.
go
overthe
ciuesagajn,one
at
a
lime.
Have
you
really
used
every
bit
of
informal_ion
thal_
can be
soueezed
out
ofeach
one?
Anotherway
to
get
unstuck-though
it,s
more
wo.k_is
tomakean
asshmption.
A.ssume,
say,
ttat
Alfred is
Mr.
Greene,
and
see
where
that
(MaJ<e
up
a
second
solving
grid
ona
piecc.ofscratch
paperfor
this.Thcn
ifyour
assumption
turnsout
lo
be
urong,
youcangobackto
your
original
grid.)
lfyou
end
up
with
a
yorjknow
Alfredisn.t"Mr.
Greene
aller
all.And
if
youendup
w.ith
a
complete
with
no
you've
jusl
solved
the
puzzleiSomelimes
rhe
on[!
way
to
solve
a
toughfive-star puzzle
is
by
ndking
andqlspro!1ng
assumpl,ions.LastnamePal
It
doesn't
look
as
as
the
crosshatch
grid,
docs
it?
And
yell,e
lt.Eee^thal
thepuzzlcpractically
solves
itselfon
a
fill_in
ryl,,rynrre
rl.you
tnedlo
use
acrosshatch
grid
for
this
puzzle,
youd
Just
get
tfus
lar
andno
further:But
experiencedsolvers
know
that
the
mosteffective
way
b
I
getunstuck
is
to
put
the
puzi,le
aside
for a while.
Go
on toolber
puzzles.and
come
backto rhe
sticky
one
an hour,
a
day.
or
awcek
farer.
When
you
try
the
puzzle
again
with
a
cleir
mind.
youll
probably
see
things you
didnl
no-ce
th9
first
rime.
ll
you
need
a
hint,turnto
il
one
line
at
a time,
justuntil
youreach
a
deduction you
didn'tthink
J
ii
Then
6top
go
back
tolhe
puzzle.and
conlinuesolving
lrom
thal,
point.
Since
Del/
lngic
ptuzl*s
givescomplcrc
steD-_
1-by-step
solulionsfor
each puzzle,youcangetas
^uih
h.lp
a"f
you
neFd
tnts
way.
at
any
staqe
in
your
solyine.
lf
yotr
think
you've
found
,
sol"ton
to
a
puzz]o
lhat
doesn.rmal,ch
ours,
carefully
check
it
against
each
clue
in
the
puzzle.
Almostalways,
you'll
find
lhat
you've
overlookcd
a
subtle
Ifyour
solurion
still
holds
up,
let
us
krowl
I
Enough
introducrions
-it's
timeto
starts;lving!
And
we
sin_
ll
cerely
hope
you
enjoy
this
issuc
of
Dp11
Logic
puzzles.
I
o
-9
I
(9
I
6
E
AIice
X
Bette
X
Chlo€Doris
Jaguar
KanqarooLeopard
X

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