PBC Lecture Notes in Physics – Vector Algebra & Vector Analysis/ A. Kar Gupta1
Vector Algebra & Vector Analysis
(Combined Lectures, 1
Lecture Notes prepared by-
Dr. Abhijit Kar Gupta
Physics Department, Panskura Banamali CollegePanskura R.S., East Midnapore, WB, India, Pin-code: 721152
Books to be consulted:
Murray R. Spiegel (Schaum Series, McGraw Hill)
- Merle C. Potter, Jack Goldberg (Prentice Hall of India)
Introduction to Mathematical Physics
- Charlie Harper (PHI)
Mathematical Methods for Physicists
- G. Arfken (Academic Pub., Prism Books Pvt. Ltd.)
- H. K. Dass (S. Chand & Company Ltd.)We begin from the definition of ‘Vector’.
A vector is a quantity having both magnitude and direction.
To express a vector
We have to know the coordinates of the starting point, the coordinates of the end pointwith respect to a fixed coordinate system. The arrow (in the picture) indicates the
and the length of it (measured in the coordinate system) is the
of thevector.Magnitude of a vector
is written as |
| (sometimes only
).Any vector along the direction of
but having unit magnitude is called unit vector.