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SOLAR WATER PURIFICATION WITH PET BOTTLES COATED WITH TITANIUM DIOXIDE USING IMPROVED BINDING AGENTS

SOLAR WATER PURIFICATION WITH PET BOTTLES COATED WITH TITANIUM DIOXIDE USING IMPROVED BINDING AGENTS

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Published by Eric Morgan
Solar water purification with polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottles coated with the
photocatalyst TiO2 has been shown to be very effective. Replacements for perchloric
acid as a binding agent were sought. Through experiments, it was found that titanium
dioxide thin films could be deposited on the surface of PET bottles by creating a
suspension with distilled water, titanium dioxide and any of seven binding agents. The
photoactivity of each titanium dioxide thin film was compared by filling 500 ml PET
bottles with a mixture of distilled water and indicator dye indigo carmine and subjecting
them to solar radiation. The photocatalytic effectiveness of each thin film was determined
by measuring the temporal presence of indigo carmine using a spectrophotometer. It was
found that all thin films behaved in a similar fashion despite different masses of titania
being present on each bottle. Sodium acetate was found to be the best overall replacement
for perchloric acid because it performed as well as perchloric acid in photocatalytic
testing, is inexpensive, has a desirable safety rating, and can be manufactured in remote
areas with baking soda and vinegar.
Solar water purification with polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottles coated with the
photocatalyst TiO2 has been shown to be very effective. Replacements for perchloric
acid as a binding agent were sought. Through experiments, it was found that titanium
dioxide thin films could be deposited on the surface of PET bottles by creating a
suspension with distilled water, titanium dioxide and any of seven binding agents. The
photoactivity of each titanium dioxide thin film was compared by filling 500 ml PET
bottles with a mixture of distilled water and indicator dye indigo carmine and subjecting
them to solar radiation. The photocatalytic effectiveness of each thin film was determined
by measuring the temporal presence of indigo carmine using a spectrophotometer. It was
found that all thin films behaved in a similar fashion despite different masses of titania
being present on each bottle. Sodium acetate was found to be the best overall replacement
for perchloric acid because it performed as well as perchloric acid in photocatalytic
testing, is inexpensive, has a desirable safety rating, and can be manufactured in remote
areas with baking soda and vinegar.

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Published by: Eric Morgan on Jan 24, 2010
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06/20/2013

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SOLAR WATER PURIFICATION WITH PET BOTTLES COATEDWITH TITANIUM DIOXIDE USING IMPROVED BINDING AGENTS
BYERIC RICHARD MORGANB.S. UNIVERSITY OF MASSACHUSETTS, AMHERST, MA (2002)SUBMITTED TO THE FACULTY OF THE ENERGY ENGINEERING PROGRAM INPARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OFMASTER OF SCIENCEENERGY ENGINEERING, SOLARUNIVERSITY OF MASSACHUSETTS LOWELL2008Signature of Author: ____________________________ Date: __________________Signature of ThesisSupervisor: ____________________________________________Name Typed: _Dr. John J. Duffy_____________________________Signature of Other Thesis Committee Members:Committee Member Signature: ___________________________________________Name Typed: _Dr. Christopher Niezrecki______________________Committee Member Signature: ____________________________________________Name Typed: _Dr. Ramaswamy Nagarajan_____________________
 
 ii
SOLAR WATER PURIFICATION WITH PET BOTTLES COATEDWITH TITANIUM DIOXIDE USING IMPROVED BINDING AGENTS
BYERIC MORGANABSTRACT OF A THESIS SUBMITTED TO THE FACULTY OF THEENERGY ENGINEERING PROGRAMIN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTSFOR THE DEGREE OFMASTER OF SCIENCEENERGY ENGINEERING, SOLARUNIVERSITY OF MASSACHUSETTS LOWELL2008Thesis Supervisor: John J. Duffy, D.Sc.Professor of Solar and Mechanical EngineeringCopyright © Eric Morgan, 2008
 
 
 iii
Abstract
 
Solar water purification with polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottles coated with thephotocatalyst TiO2 has been shown to be very effective. Replacements for perchloricacid as a binding agent were sought. Through experiments, it was found that titaniumdioxide thin films could be deposited on the surface of PET bottles by creating asuspension with distilled water, titanium dioxide and any of seven binding agents. Thephotoactivity of each titanium dioxide thin film was compared by filling 500 ml PETbottles with a mixture of distilled water and indicator dye indigo carmine and subjectingthem to solar radiation. The photocatalytic effectiveness of each thin film was determinedby measuring the temporal presence of indigo carmine using a spectrophotometer. It wasfound that all thin films behaved in a similar fashion despite different masses of titaniabeing present on each bottle. Sodium acetate was found to be the best overall replacementfor perchloric acid because it performed as well as perchloric acid in photocatalytictesting, is inexpensive, has a desirable safety rating, and can be manufactured in remoteareas with baking soda and vinegar.

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