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Antenna Planning& BSS Exclusive

Antenna Planning& BSS Exclusive

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Published by DINENDRAN S
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Antenna Details Planning & BSS (BTS ,BSC)

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Air interface
The Air Interface carries the Radio Waves.The Um interface is the interface between the MS and the BTS. Voice is modulated on a radio frequency carrier and transmitted on the Air Interface. The frequency used in GSM is in UHF range i.e. 30 -3000 MHz. Ultra high frequency radio waves are typi
Exclusive stuff

http://dinendran.wordpress.com/

Antenna Details Planning & BSS (BTS ,BSC)

Exclusive stuff

http://dinendran.wordpress.com/

Exclusive stuff

http://dinendran.wordpress.com/

Air interface
The Air Interface carries the Radio Waves.The Um interface is the interface between the MS and the BTS. Voice is modulated on a radio frequency carrier and transmitted on the Air Interface. The frequency used in GSM is in UHF range i.e. 30 -3000 MHz. Ultra high frequency radio waves are typi

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Published by: DINENDRAN S on Jan 24, 2010
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06/25/2013

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Antenna DetailsPlanning & BSS(BTS ,BSC)
 
Air interface
The Air Interface carries the Radio Waves.The Um interface is the interface between theMS and the BTS. Voice is modulated on a radio frequency carrier and transmitted on theAir Interface. The frequency used in GSM is in UHF range i.e. 30 -3000 MHz
.
Ultra highfrequency radio waves are typically generated by oscillating charges on a transmittingantenna. In the case of a radio station, the antenna is often simply a long wire (a dipole)fed by an alternating voltage/current source, that is, charge is placed on the antenna bythe alternating voltage source. We can think of the electric field as being disturbancessent out by the dipole source and the frequency of the oscillating electric field (theelectromagnetic wave) is the same as the frequency of the source
.
Each antenna has a unique radiation pattern. This pattern can be represented graphicallyby plotting the received time-averaged power, as a function of angle with respect to thedirection of maximum power in a log-polar diagram. The pattern is representative of theperformance of the antenna in a test environment. However, it only applies to the free-space environment in which the test measurement takes place. Upon installation, thepattern becomes more complex, due to the extra factors affecting propagation under fieldconditions. Thus, the real effectiveness of any antenna is measured in the field.
Antenna Basics
An antenna is a device that is made to efficiently radiate and receive radiatedelectromagnetic waves. There are several important antenna characteristics that should beconsidered when choosing an antenna for your application as follows:• Antenna radiation patterns• Power Gain• Directivity• Polarization
Antenna Radiation Patterns
An antenna radiation pattern is a 3-D plot of its radiation far from the source. Antennaradiation patterns usually take two forms, the elevation pattern and the azimuth pattern.The elevation pattern is a graph of the energy radiated from the antenna looking at it fromthe side as can be seen in Figure (a) . The azimuth pattern is a graph of the energyradiated from the antenna as if you were looking at it from directly above the antenna asshown in fig (b). When you combine the two graphs you have a 3-D representation of how energy is radiated from the antenna as shown in fig (c)
 
Power Gain
The power gain of an antenna is a ratio of the power input to the antenna to the poweroutput from the antenna. This gain is most often referred to with the units of dBi, whichis logarithmic gain relative to an isotropic antenna. An isotropic antenna has a perfectspherical radiation pattern and a linear gain of one.Gain (with reference to the isotropic radiator dBi) = Gain (with reference to
 /2-DipoledBd) + 2.15 dB
Directivity
The directive gain of an antenna is a measure of the concentration of the radiated powerin a particular direction. It may be regarded as the ability of the antenna to direct radiatedpower in a given direction. It is usually a ratio of radiation intensity in a given directionto the average radiation intensity.
Polarization
Polarization is the orientation of electromagnetic waves far from the source. There are

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