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50 Bmg

50 Bmg

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Published by Justin

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Published by: Justin on Jan 24, 2010
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FM 23-65
This manual is intended to provide technical information, trainingtechniques, and guidance on the Browning machine gun caliber .50 HB,M2. Unit leaders and the designated gunners will find this informationinvaluable in their efforts to successfully integrate this automatic weaponinto their combat operation. All instruction can be given either on therange or in the vicinity (concurrent training stations).The material contained herein is applicable without modification tonuclear and conventional warfare.Trainers must see that safety procedures are observed at all times.Commanders, trainers, and individual students must all remember thatsafety is everyone’s responsibility. All training should be conducted asthough the weapon is fully loaded. At no time while using this manual willspeed or accuracy override safety procedures. Safe training is goodtraining.The proponent of this publication is US Army Infantry School. Sendcomments and recommendations on DA Form 2028 (RecommendedChanges to Publications and Blank Forms) directly to Commandant, USArmy Infantry School,ATTN: ATSH-IN-S3, Fort Benning, GA
The procedures and methods used in Army machine gunmarksmanship are based on the concept that soldiers must beskilled gunners who can effectively apply their firing skills incombat. The basic firing skills and exercises outlined in thismanual must be a part of every unit's machine gun training program. The soldiers' proficiency depends on proper trainingand application of basic gunnery fundamental, which aretaught in a progressive program to prepare gunners for combat.
Training strategy is the overall concept for integrating resources into aprogram to train individual and collective skills needed to perform aunit’s wartime mission.a. Trainingstrategies for marksmanship are implemented inTRADOC institutions (NCOES, basic and advanced officer’s courses) andin units. The overall training strategy is multifaceted and is inclusive of thespecific strategies used in institution and unit programs. Also included arethe supporting strategies that use resources such as publications, ranges,ammunition, training aids, devices, simulators, and simulations. Thesestrategies focus on developing critical soldier skills, and on leader skillsthat are required for the intended outcome.b. Two primary components compose the training strategies: initialtraining and sustainment training.Both may include individual andcollective skills. Initial training is critical because a task that is taughtcorrectly and learned well is retained longer. Well-trained skills can bemore quickly regained and sustained if an interim of nonuse occurs. Themore difficult and complex the task, the harder it is to sustain the skill.Personnel turnover is a main factor in decay of collective skills, since theloss of critical team members requires retraining to regain proficiency. If a long period elapses between initial and sustainment training sessions ortraining doctrine is altered, retraining maybe required.c. The training strategy for caliber .50 MG marksmanship begins inselected resident training and continues in the unit. An example of thisoverall process is illustrated in Figure 1-1 and provides a concept of the
FM 23-65
flow of unit sustainment training. The soldiers graduating from selectedresident training courses have been trained to maintain their MGs and tohit a variety of targets. They have learned range determination, targetdetection, application of marksmanship fundamentals, and other skillsneeded to engage a target. Task training during these courses may lead toqualification.d. Training continues in units on the basic skills taught in combatarms. Additional skills, such as suppressive fire and supporting fire, aretrained and then integrated into collective training exercises, whichinclude platoon and squad live-fire STXs. (A unit-marksmanship trainingprogram is explained in Chapter 5.) The strategy for sustaining the basicmarksmanship skills taught in combat arms is periodic preliminaryinstruction, followed by qualification range firing. However, a unit mustset up a year-round program to sustain skills. Key elements includetraining of trainers and refresher training of nonfiring skills.e. Additional skills trained in the unit include techniques foremployment, suppressive fires,night fire, MOPP firing, and movingtargets. Related soldier skills of camouflage, cover and concealment,maneuver, and preparation and selection of a fighting position areaddressed in STP 21-24-SMCT, which must be integrated into tacticaltraining.f. In the unit, individual and leader proficiency of marksmanship tasksare integrated into collective training to include squad, section, andplatoon drills and STXs. The collective tasks in these exercises, and howthey are planned and conducted, are in the MTP and battle drill books foreach organization. Based on the type organization, collective tasks areevaluated to standard and discussed during leader and trainer after-actionreviews. Objective evaluations of both individual and unit proficiencyprovide readiness indicators and future training requirements.g. A critical step in the Army’s overall marksmanship training strategyis to train the trainers and leaders first. Leader courses and unitpublications develop officer and NCO proficiencies necessary to plan andconduct marksmanship training and to evaluate the effectiveness of unitmarksmanship programs. Training support materials are provided by theproponent schools to include field manuals, training aids, devices,simulators, and programs that are doctrinal foundations and guidance fortraining the force.h. Once the soldier understands the weapon and has demonstratedskill in zeroing, additional live-fire training and a target acquisitionexercise at various ranges are conducted. Target types and scenarios of increasing difficulty must be mastered to develop proficiency.

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