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Multigroup diffusion equation in spherical geometry

# Multigroup diffusion equation in spherical geometry

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Nuclear Engineering
Reaktor Nuklir
http://syeilendrapramuditya.wordpress.com
Nuclear Engineering
Reaktor Nuklir

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07/10/2013

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Nuclear Reactor Theory
Multigroup Diffusion Equation in Spherical geometry
Syeilendra Pramudityahttp://syeilendrapramuditya.wordpress.com2009
1/19

http://syeilendrapramuditya.wordpress.com
Problem 8A
According to the instruction, this problem should be solved by using the one-group diffusionequation. To condense the group constants (5 groups to 1 group), we need to calculate thefluxes for each group again, because the geometry in this problem (spherical) is different fromgeometry of previous problem (cylindrical), which means that the geometrical buckling foreach group must be different from previous problem.The general multi-group neutron diffusion equation is expressed as follow:
' ' ' ' '' ' 1
( , )1( ) ( , ) ( ) ( , )( ) ( , ) ( ) ( , )
g  g g rg  g G G g  sg g g g fg  g g eff
r  D r r t r r v r r t v r r
φ φ φ  χ φ φ
=
+Σ =Σ + Σ
r rv v v vv v v v
(0)And, by assuming that we are dealing with a steady state homogenous system, the equationssimplify as follow:
2' ' ' ' '' ' 1
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
G G g  g g rg g sg g g g fg  g g eff
D r r r v
χ φ φ φ φ
=
+Σ = Σ + Σ
v v v v
(0)First, we need to find the expression of geometrical buckling for spherical geometry, weintroduce the Helmhotz equation as follow:
2 2
( ) ( ) 0
r B
φ φ
+ =
(0)The above equations is actually about the Eigen value problem.For spherical geometry, the Laplacian takes the form:
22222222222
1sincossin12
φ φ φ φ θ φ
++++=
(0)And by assuming that the system under consideration only depends on radial coordinate, anddoes not depend on any angular coordinates, the Laplacian simplifies as follow:
222
2
r r
= +
(0)And now substitute eq. (0) to eq. (0):
222
2( ) ( ) 0
r B r r
φ φ
 + + = 
(0)
2/19

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Eq. (0) has the boundary condition of:
°°
( ) 00.71/
tr
r R R R
φ
= == + Σ
(0)The general solution of eq. (0) is as follow:
1 2
sin cos( )
Br Br C r
φ
= +
(0)Where C
1
and C
2
are constants, the second term of the above equation becomes infinity as rapproaches zero, therefore, C
2
should be zero, then:
1
sin( )
Br r
φ
=
(0)Applying the boundary condition, eq. (0):
°°°
1
sin( ) 0
BRr R  R
φ
= = =
(0)Therefore, B should be:
°
1,3,5,...
n B Rn
π
==
(0)Therefore, the solutions of this Eigen value problem are as follow:
1
sin( ) The Eigen Function
Br r
φ
=
(0)
°
The Eigen Value1,3,5,...
n B Rn
π
= =
(0)The geometrical buckling is then defined as
the fundamental Eigen value of the Laplaceoperator
, which is when n = 1:
°
22
Geometrical Buckling for Spherical Geometry
B R
π
 =  
(0)C
1
in eq. (0) is the normalization factor for flux, and can be calculated from reactor power(1000 MWt), as follow:
( )
f f
P w r d
φ
= Σ
∫
(0)
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