A stroke is a medical emergency. Strokes happen when blood flow to your brain stops.Within minutes, brain cells begin to die. There are two kinds of stroke. The more commonkind, called ischemic stroke, is caused by a blood clot that blocks or plugs a blood vessel inthe brain. The other kind, called hemorrhagic stroke, is caused by a blood vessel that breaksand bleeds into the brain. "Mini-strokes" or transient ischemic attacks (TIAs), occur when
the blood supply to the brain is briefly interrupted.Symptoms of stroke are
Sudden numbness or weakness of the face, arm or leg (especially on one side of thebody)
Sudden confusion, trouble speaking or understanding speech
Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes
Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination
Sudden severe headache with no known causeIf you have any of these symptoms, you must get to a hospital quickly to begin treatment.Acute stroke therapies try to stop a stroke while it is happening by quickly dissolving theblood clot or by stopping the bleeding. Post-stroke rehabilitation helps individuals overcomedisabilities that result from stroke damage. Drug therapy with blood thinners is the mostcommon treatment for stroke.
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
Stroke is the third leading cause of death in the United States. Around 137,000Americans die of stroke every year.
A stroke, sometimes called a brain attack, occurs when a clot blocks the blood supplyto the brain or when a blood vessel in the brain bursts.
Someone in the United States has a stroke every 40 seconds. Every three to fourminutes, someone dies of stroke.
Stroke is a leading cause of death for both men and women. In 2006, 6 out of every10 deaths due to stroke were in women.
Every year, about 795,000 people in the United States have a stroke. About 610,000of these are first or new strokes. About 185,000 people who survive a strokeeventually have another.
Stroke is an important cause of disability. In 2005, nearly 1.1 million stroke survivorsreported difficulty performing basic activities of daily life.