Unlike networks built with bus topology, networks which use star topology are muchless vulnerable, as one of the connections can easily be removed by disconnecting itfrom the hub, without paralyzing the rest of the network. The critical point in thisnetwork is the hub, as without it, communication between the computers on thenetwork is no longer possible. However, a star topology network is bulkier than a busnetwork, as additional hardware is required (the hub).
In a ring-topology network, computers each take turns communicating, creating a loopof computers in which they each "have their turn to speak" one after another.In reality, ring topology networks are not linked together in loops. They are actuallylinked to a distributor (called a MAU, Multistation Access Unit) which managescommunication between the computers linked to it, by giving each of them time to"speak."
Tree topology :
Tree Topology is a combination of the bus and the Star Topology. The tree likestructure allows you to have many servers on the network and you can branch out thenetwork in many ways. This is particularly helpful for colleges, universities andschools so that each of the branches can identify the relevant systems in their ownnetwork and yet connect to the big network in some way.