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A Computer Network is Made of Computers Which Are Linked to One Another With Communication Lines

A Computer Network is Made of Computers Which Are Linked to One Another With Communication Lines

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Published by Boier Sesh Pata
Different types of network topology.
Course code: CSE-111(A) Course title: Computer Fundamentals Submitted Date: 27th April, 2009.

ASSIGNMENT On

Submitted by:
Muhammad Riyaz- ul- Islam ID: 06313241 Program: B.S.T.E Batch: 4th Semester: Spring-2009

Submitted To:
Ayesha Jahan Lecturer Faculty of Business Administration,

CITY UNIVERSITY.
Network topology:
A computer network is made of computers which are linked to one another with communication lines (network cables, etc.) and hardware element
Different types of network topology.
Course code: CSE-111(A) Course title: Computer Fundamentals Submitted Date: 27th April, 2009.

ASSIGNMENT On

Submitted by:
Muhammad Riyaz- ul- Islam ID: 06313241 Program: B.S.T.E Batch: 4th Semester: Spring-2009

Submitted To:
Ayesha Jahan Lecturer Faculty of Business Administration,

CITY UNIVERSITY.
Network topology:
A computer network is made of computers which are linked to one another with communication lines (network cables, etc.) and hardware element

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Published by: Boier Sesh Pata on Jan 24, 2010
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07/06/2010

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 ASSIGNMENTASSIGNMENTOnOn
Different types of network topology.Different type
 
s of network topology.
Course code:
 
CSE-111(A)Course title:
 
Computer FundamentalsSubmitted Date:
27
th
April, 2009.
 
Submitted by:
Muhammad Riyaz- ul- IslamID: 06313241Program: B.S.T.EBatch: 4
th
Semester: Spring-2009
Submitted To:
Ayesha JahanLecturerFaculty of Business Administration,
 
CITY UNIVERSITY
.
Network topology:
 
A computer network is made of computers which are linked to one another withcommunication lines (network cables, etc.) and hardware elements (network adapters,as well as other equipment for ensuring that data travels correctly). The physicalarrangement that is, the spatial configuration of the network is called the physicaltopology. The different kinds of topology are:
Bus topology
Star topology
Ring topology
Tree topology
Mesh topology
Bus topology:
Bus topology is the simplest way a network can be organized. In bus topology, allcomputers are linked to the same transmission line by using a cable, usually coaxial.The word "bus" refers to the physical line that joins all the machines on the network.The advantages of this topology are that it is easy to implement and functions easily;on the other hand, it is highly vulnerable, since if one of the connections is defective,the whole network is affected.
Star topology:
In star topology, the network computers are linked to a piece of hardware called a hub.This is a box which contains a certain number of sockets into which cables coming outof the computers can be plugged. Its role is to ensure communications between thosesockets.
 
Unlike networks built with bus topology, networks which use star topology are muchless vulnerable, as one of the connections can easily be removed by disconnecting itfrom the hub, without paralyzing the rest of the network. The critical point in thisnetwork is the hub, as without it, communication between the computers on thenetwork is no longer possible. However, a star topology network is bulkier than a busnetwork, as additional hardware is required (the hub).
Ring topology:
In a ring-topology network, computers each take turns communicating, creating a loopof computers in which they each "have their turn to speak" one after another.In reality, ring topology networks are not linked together in loops. They are actuallylinked to a distributor (called a MAU, Multistation Access Unit) which managescommunication between the computers linked to it, by giving each of them time to"speak."
Tree topology :
Tree Topology is a combination of the bus and the Star Topology. The tree likestructure allows you to have many servers on the network and you can branch out thenetwork in many ways. This is particularly helpful for colleges, universities andschools so that each of the branches can identify the relevant systems in their ownnetwork and yet connect to the big network in some way.

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