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Yarn-2, Assignment

Yarn-2, Assignment

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Published by Boier Sesh Pata
ASSIGNMENT ON COMBING PROCESS
Course code: Tex-205 Course title: Yarn Manufacturing Technology-II
Submitted Date:
23th December, 2008.

Submitted by:
Name: Muhammad Riyaz- ul- Islam ID: 06313241 Program: B.S.T.E Batch: 4th Semester: Fall-2008

Submitted To:
MD. ROKONUZZAMAN KHAN, LECTURER OF BSTE, CITY UNIVERSITY.
Page 1 of 11

THE COMBING PROCESS
The combing process is normally used to produce smoother, finer, stronger and more uniform yarns. Therefore, combing is commonly confined to high gra
ASSIGNMENT ON COMBING PROCESS
Course code: Tex-205 Course title: Yarn Manufacturing Technology-II
Submitted Date:
23th December, 2008.

Submitted by:
Name: Muhammad Riyaz- ul- Islam ID: 06313241 Program: B.S.T.E Batch: 4th Semester: Fall-2008

Submitted To:
MD. ROKONUZZAMAN KHAN, LECTURER OF BSTE, CITY UNIVERSITY.
Page 1 of 11

THE COMBING PROCESS
The combing process is normally used to produce smoother, finer, stronger and more uniform yarns. Therefore, combing is commonly confined to high gra

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Published by: Boier Sesh Pata on Jan 24, 2010
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 ASSIGNMENTASSIGNMENTONONCOMBING PROCESSCOMBING PROCESS
 
Course code:
 
Tex-205Course title:
 
Yarn ManufacturingTechnology-II
Submitted Date:
23
th
December, 2008.
 
Submitted by:
 
Name: Muhammad Riyaz- ul- IslamID: 06313241Program: B.S.T.EBatch: 4
th
Semester: Fall-2008
Submitted To:
MD. ROKONUZZAMAN KHAN,LECTURER OF BSTE,CITY UNIVERSITY
.
Page
1
of 
11
 
THE COMBING PROCESS
The combing process is normally used to produce smoother, finer, stronger and moreuniform yarns. Therefore, combing is commonly confined to high grade, long staplenatural fibers. In recent years, combing has been utilized for upgrading the quality of medium staple fibers. In addition, a yarn made of combed cotton needs less twist than acarded yarn. However, these quality improvements are obtained at the cost of additionalexpenditure on machines, floor-space and personnel, together with a loss of raw material.Yarn production coast is increased by something under 1 US$/Kg of yarn (depending onthe intensity of combing).To improve the yarn quality, the comber must perform the following operations:
Elimination of precisely pre-determined quantity of short fibers;
Elimination of the remaining impurities;
Elimination of a large proportion (not all) of the neps in the fiber material;
Formation of a sliver having maximum possible evenness;
Producing of more straight and parallel fibers.Elimination of short fibers produces an improvement mainly in staple length, but alsoaffects the fineness of the raw material. The micronaire value of combed sliver is slightlyhigher than that of feedstock (elimination of dead fibers). Also the degree of  parallelization might reduce the inter-fiber adhesion in the sliver to such an extent thatfibers slide apart while being pulled out of the can – i.e. sliver breaks or false drafts might be caused.
Types of applications:
The amount of material combed out varies within the range 5 – 25% of the in feed stock.Three major groups of spinning mills using combing are as follows:1
Long staple combing mills;
Processing first-class, expensive cotton of highstrength, containing a low proportion of short fibers and little dirt. The product isa fine to very fine yarn of top quality. The demands placed on know-how and skillof operating personnel is correspondingly high, as they are on the design andmaintenance of the machines. Yarn production is low, while generation of noil ishigh.2
Medium-staple combing mills
; here medium cotton qualities with a widespread of quality parameters are spun to medium (to fine) yarns of good quality ateconomic production costs. The process is problematic in that it has to achieve ahigh strand of quality and at the same time give high production at low cost. Themaximum demands placed on medium staple combing can only be fulfilled byoptimally trained personnel.1
Short (to medium) staple combing mills
; raw material used have the same asthat for production of carded yarns. In comparison with a carded yarn, the combedyarn should chiefly exhibit better smoothness and strength. In this combinationwith low level noil level (6 – 14%). This process is the most widely used in practice; it is technologically undemanding and can be operated without problemswhen good machines are available.Page
2
of 
11
 
Lap preparation system for combing:
There are used two systems for lap preparation,
1)Old system:
 
I.
Sliver lap machine. 
II.
Ribbon lap machine.
2)Modern system:
Super lap former machine.
Types of comber:
The major types of combers include:1
Rectilinear comber (For short staple spinning. i.e. cotton),2
Circular combers (For worsted process. i.e. wool),3
Rotary comber (Production of Schappe spun yarns. i.e. silk) and4
Hackling machines (Bast fibers. i.e. jute).The short staple spinning mill uses only the rectilinear comber with swinging nippers andstationary detaching rollers, as originally developed in 1902 by the Englishman Nasmithand in 1948 by whitin company. Machine layouts used in practice comprise single sidedmachines with eight heads.
Effect of change of setting sliver quality:
If staple length 1-1/8˝: Roller setting should be for front zone- 41mm, back zone-44 mm.
If staple length below 1-1/8˝: Back zone & front zone should be closed 0.5-1mm.
If staple length above 1-1/8˝: Back zone & front zone should be wide 0.5-1mm.Bottom roller setting depends on staple length of fibre. If roller setting is not properly as per staple length, then good fibre will rupture CV% will increase of sliver & finally CV%, hairness & end breakage will increase & yarn strength will decrease.
The Combing Machine:
The basic elements of the combing machine are shown in figure. These are the feedingelement, the nipper plate,the combing system andthe detaching rollers. Thefeeding element consists of a feed plate and feed roll.The main function of thefeeding element is to feedthe comber lap in a seriesof short lengths. Thenipper plate grips thefibers as a means oholding long fibers whilethe short fibers, neps, andPage
3
of 
11

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