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Trade Union

Trade Union

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Published by Sanman Kulkarni

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Published by: Sanman Kulkarni on Jan 24, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/13/2012

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15
 TRADE UNION NOTES – BY CHANDAK SIR
HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF TRADE UNION IN INDIA
 Trade Union formed in 1890, Bombay Mill Hands Association byMr.Lokhande to demand amendment of Factories Act 1918. Then severalother unions followed to fulfill specific demands and also to lend supportto national movment.
In 1918:-Ahmedabad Textile Labour Association was borned when disputewas settled by the intervention of Mahatma Gandhi.
In Madras B.P.Wadia formed Madras Labour Union
International Labour Organization (ILO) was established in 1919,Thisinfluenced formation of All India Federation of Trade Unions.
After world war I, in 1919, large number of strong trade unions wereformed by Annie Besant in Madras and Mahatma Gandhi in Ahmedabad.After 1924, all major All India Left-wing Trade Unions were formed for classstruggle.
TRADE UNION STRUCTUREThere are three types of unions:
A craft unions
is formed by workers belonging to same occupation orspecialization irrespective of industry, e.g. Indian pilots, guild, electriciansetc
Industrial Union is
formed on the basis of industry e.g. cotton textilefactories ( Rashtriya Mill Mazdoor Sangh)
General Union
embraces all workers whatever kind of industry or craft ina place e.g. Jamshedpur Labour Union
WHY EMPLOYEES JOIN UNION ?Employees join union for following reasons
:
 Trade unions will protect employee’s economic and vocational interest. Assuch , it serves as instrument of defence and security.
 Trade unions look after employees welfare.
 Trade unions safeguard and improve service conditions .
 Trade unions will communicate their views to the management
 Trade union will restrain managerial authoritarianship.It will opposemanagement discretions.
 Trade union will strengthen their bargaining power. It is seen as aninstrument regulating the relationship between employers and employees.
 
15
 TRADE UNION NOTES – BY CHANDAK SIR
 Trade union highlights class distinction to reduce workers dissatisfaction.
 To exercise leadership role as office-bearers of trade union. This satisfiestheir ambition to get ahead which they aspire.
UNIONS PROVIDE THE FOLLOWING:
a.Job security to the workers / employees.b.Safeguard workers interestc.Improve their working conditionsd.Helping employees in developing skill according to the job entrusted theme.Enable the worker participation in managementf.Protect rights of the workersg.Helping in maintaining good industrial relationsh.Negotiating with management on industrial conflicts/ disputes
FUNCTIONS OF TRADE UNION
FUNCTIONS RELATING TO TRADE UNION MEMBERS
1)Safeguard workers interest against explotion by employers2)Protect workers from unfair labour practices by employer.3)Provision of health, safe and conducive working conditions.4)To ask for rewards to be associated with work performance.5)Get benefits from organization for health, housing, education etc.6)To help in grievance redressal of employees.7)To foster labour-management participation and cooperation.8)To make workers conscious of their rights and duties.
(B) FUNCTIONS RELATING TO ORGANIZATIONS
1)To increase production and productivity.2)To help maintenance of discipline.3)To promote cordial relations between the management and workers.4)To create favourable opinion about management among workers.5)To facilitate effective communication with the management.
 
15
 TRADE UNION NOTES – BY CHANDAK SIR
(C) FUNCTIONS RELATING TO UNION
1)To improve financial position by increasing subscription etc2)To train members in leadership.3)To augment communication between union and members.4)To crub inter-union rivalary.5)To avoid unfair labour practices.6)To review relevance of union objectives in the context of social change.7)To maintain accounts & other administrative records of union.
(D) FUNCTIONS RELATING TO SOCIETY 
1.To help national development e.g. family planning, national integration,afforestration.2.To launch campaigns against social evils, i.e. corruption, communalism,cateism, price rise, hoarding, smuggling, dowry, illiteracy etc.3.To help and co operate with the government and mobilise peopleparticipation.
WEAKNESSES OF TRADE UNION MOVEMENT IN INDIA
i.Multiplicity of trade union as only 7 persons can from a unionii.Inter-union rivalryiii.Intra-union factions / rivalryiv.Absence of criteria for recognition of sole bargaining agentv.Politicalisation of trade union and association of outsiders with enterpriseunions.vi.Philosophy and approaches which advocatedvii.Adversarial relationship (war-fare) conflict with managementviii.Class struggle: oppression and exploitation by employers.ix.Adoption of pressure tactics, militancy, indiscipline, intimidation, black-mailing, towards managementx.No role played as social change agents but self-centered
THE TRADE UNIONS ACT 1926
The Trade Unions Act 1926
, is one of the old enactments in the field of Labour Laws but it is a conservative piece of legislation in as much as it as

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