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sing trial networks, many tests havebeen performed to verify wideband codedivision multiple access (WCDMA) networkperformance—from cell ranges to handoversuccess rates. One such test involves analyzingthe best method of downlink (DL) scramblingcode allocation. This paper presents a novelapproach to code planning that provides amarked improvement in coverage probabilitycompared to other code planning schemes.Unlike previous frequency division multipleaccess (FDMA) mobile networks, WCDMAnetworks do not require frequency planning,since a common carrier can be used across allcells. Instead, WCDMA relies on the concept ofscrambling codes to differentiate among cells inthe DL.Code planning within a WCDMA network isgenerally done by a radio network planningteam. Many commercial or in-house planningtools now have the capability to automaticallyassess code reuse within a network and allocatethe DL scrambling codes accordingly.Rather than using a code allocation strategy thatmaximizes code reuse, one novel method of codeplanning employs an approach wherein a site’sprimary DL scrambling codes belong to the samecode group. This method has a number ofbeneficial features, including simple codeallocation strategy, high code reuse, field-engineer-friendly allocation strategy, andimproved call/handover success rate.
he synchronization channel (SCH) is a DLchannel used by the user equipment (UE) forthe initial cell search. The SCH consists of twosubchannels: the primary SCH (P-SCH) and thesecondary SCH (S-SCH).The 10 ms radio frames of the P-SCHs andS-SCHs are divided into 15 time slots, each with alength of 2,560 chips. Each block within theP-SCH consists of a modulated code, called theprimary synchronization code (PSC), with alength of 256 chips. The PSC is unique within thenetwork (the same for all cells in the system).Only one modulated block is transmitted at thebeginning of each slot.The S-SCH is transmitted in parallel with theP-SCH. Like the P-SCH, it has a data rate of15 kbps, and only one 256-chip block per slot istransmitted at the beginning of each slot.A secondary synchronization code (SSC)modulates each S-SCH block. There are 16 SSCs.Each block of the S-SCH, transmitted at thebeginning of each slot, can be modulated by adifferent SSC. The combination of SSCs thatmodulate the S-SCH symbols within a frame hasa one-to-one mapping with the primaryscrambling code group used in the cell. TheS-SCH sequence is, therefore, determined by theprimary scrambling code planning.
A NOVEL CODE PLANNING APPROACHFOR A WCDMA NETWORKA NOVEL CODE PLANNING APPROACHFOR A WCDMA NETWORK
This paper explains the background of WCDMA scrambling code planning and the theory behind a planning technique where a site’s primary DL scrambling codes belong to the same code group. The paper then goes on to describe the tests performed on a test platform and on a network, and the results achieved. Finally,the paper summarizes the code planning technique and the benefits over other code allocation schemes.
Issue Date: August 2005Issue Date: August 2005