When the glue has dried, the ways can be cut to length and fitted into the notches at "a". They should bea snug fit. They should be lag bolted into place without glue. The second of the two longitudinal membersmentioned above should now be lag-bolted in place (also without glue). The longitudinal member whichwill be the motor mount should be deferred until later.
Building a Woodturning Lathe
by George F. Farrell, Dollmaker
Once the frame has been assembled, it is time to mount the headstock spindle:For the headstock spindle I chose a one-foot length of 3/4D cold rolled steel. It was taken to a localmachine shop and threaded for 1.5 inches along one end to 3/4X16 National Fine. This was chosenbecause a search of the mail order catalogs gave (still does) the following information:1.
Self-centering chucks -- AMT, Woodcraft and Penn State Industries.2.
Headstock drill chuck to take 1/2D drills -- Penn State Ind.3.
Face Plates -- AMT, Penn State Ind.4.
Screw chucks -- Penn State Ind.5.
I could not find a commercially made spur drive center. The Luna chuck (Woodcraft and PennState Ind.) has a wide range of accessories, one of which is a spur drive center to fit their chuck.The alternative is having one made by a local machine shop.6.
A 3/4X16 National Fine thread nut will also be required to assist in getting the tools on and off.This item can be found at local hardware outlets.7.
Pillow blocks for 3/4D -- Woodworker's SupplyThe axis of this spindle must be parallel with the ways -- not only vertically but horizontally as well.Failure in this respect will cause whatever is turned to come out elliptical instead of round. The mountingtabs of the pillow blocks have slotted holes allowing lateral adjustment. Vertical adjustment can beaccomplished with fender washers under the appropriate pillow block. This works for a coarseadjustment. Finer adjustment means using a thinner material as a shim. Tin-can material, precut to sizeand stacked between boards, will allow drilling the mounting holes without tearing. Tin-can metal isabout 0.012 inches thick; bear and soda pop cans are about 0.005 inches thick; household aluminum foilis about 0.001 inches thick. These should be enough thicknesses of shim to test the patience of even themost persistent and diligent.The best way to test and adjust for runout is to mount the pillow blocks using hanger bolts. Hanger boltsare threaded on one end like lag bolts and threaded on the other end like machine bolts. When buying the3/4D cold rolled steel shafting for the headstock spindle, it would be best to buy an additional 3 footlength of it. When mounted in the pillow blocks in place of the spindle, it will project out over the ways byabout 2 feet. This fact multiplies alignment errors by about 3 making it easier to find a runout error. A
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