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Electrically Symmetric Poly(Phenylene Acetylene) Diodes

Electrically Symmetric Poly(Phenylene Acetylene) Diodes

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Published by Jeffrey Gold
Journal Molecular Crystals and Liquid Crystals (1994), Vol. 256, pp. 555-561.

S. A. Jeglinski, M. E. Hollier, J. F. Gold, and Z. V. Vardeny
University of Utah, Physics Department, Salt Lake City, UT 84112

Y. Ding and T. Barton
Iowa State University, Chemistry Department, Ames, IA 50011

Abstract

A diode has been fabricated with poly(phenylene acetylene) [PPA] as the electroluminescent polymer. The device exhibited an unusual symmetric (positive and negative bias) I-V characteristic and electroluminescent output. These experimental results are discussed in terms of tunneling of electrons and holes via localized states.
Journal Molecular Crystals and Liquid Crystals (1994), Vol. 256, pp. 555-561.

S. A. Jeglinski, M. E. Hollier, J. F. Gold, and Z. V. Vardeny
University of Utah, Physics Department, Salt Lake City, UT 84112

Y. Ding and T. Barton
Iowa State University, Chemistry Department, Ames, IA 50011

Abstract

A diode has been fabricated with poly(phenylene acetylene) [PPA] as the electroluminescent polymer. The device exhibited an unusual symmetric (positive and negative bias) I-V characteristic and electroluminescent output. These experimental results are discussed in terms of tunneling of electrons and holes via localized states.

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Jeffrey Gold on Jan 25, 2010
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02/26/2010

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Chapter7   
ElectricallySyetric   PolyPhenylenecetylene   iodes  
JournalMolecularCrystalsandLiquidCrystals(1994Vol.256,pp.555{561
S.A.Jeglinski,M.E.Hollier,J.F.Gold,andZ.V.Vardeny 
UniversityofUtah,PhysicsDepartment,SaltLakeCity,UT8411
Y.DingandT.Barto
IowaStateUniversity,ChemistryDepartment,Ames,IA50011 
Abstract 
Adiodehasbeenfabricatedwithpoly(phenyleneacetylene)[PPA]astheelectroluminescentpolymer.Thedeviceexhibitedanunusualsymmetric(positive andnegativebias)I{Vcharacteristicandelectroluminescentoutput.Theseex- perimentalresultsarediscussedintermsoftunnelingofelectronsandholes 
vi
localizedstates. 
Introductio
Luminescentconjugatedpolymershaverecentlyattractedconsiderableinteresbecauseoftheiruseasactivematerialsinlight-emittingdevices(LEDs)[1]Operationassuchdependsupontheabilitytoinjectintothepolymerelectrons andholes,whichthenrecombinetoemitlight
 
CHAPTER7.ELECTRICALLYSYMMETRICPPADIODES 
ExperimentalSetupandProcedur
APPAsolutionwasmadebymixingpowderwit
CHCl 
(about5ml/mg)ThesolutionwasthoroughlydissolvedbyimmersioninanultrasonicagitatorThesolutionwasthenlteredintocleanglasswarewitha.
 
mNalgesyringe lter.SemitransparentITO-coatedsilicaplates
 
2/sq,25nmthickITon1.5mmthicksilica)wereprocuredandcutwithadiamondsawintoap- proximately12 
12mmsquares.Approximatelyone-thirdoftheITO(ammstripononeend)wasremovedwithastandardsolutionof 
aquaregi
.Thsubstrates(2/3ITO-silica,1/3silica-only)werethenthoroughlycleanedbyultrasonicagitationin
CHCl 
bathseveraltimes,withanalwashindistilled de-ionizedwaterFabricationwasaccomplishedbyspin-castingthelteredPPAsolutionontthepreparedsubstrates,formingapolymerlayerabout1-15  
thick.The spin-castingandhandlingofthepolymer/ITOsubstratewereperformedinglove-boxpurgedwithnitrogen.Partofthepolymerwasthenstrippedowitasolvent-dippedcottonswab.AluminumelectrodeswerethermallyevaporateontothePPA/ITOsubstratesinavacuumchamberwithanoperatingpressurofabout
1 
Torr.Figure6.1showsthenalgeometryofthepreparedevice.Thestrippingproceduresdescribedabovehelpedensurethattherewas noinadvertentshorteningbetweentheAlandtheITOAKeithley236source-measure-unit(SMU)wasinterfacedtoaPCandcon- nectedtothealuminumelectrodeswithmicroclips.TheSMUwasthenusedtbiastheITOlayerpositivelyandnegativelywithrespecttotheAlelectrodesSweptmeasurementsweremadeintherangefrom-2to+2Volts.Allhan- dlingandmeasurementsweremadeeitherinthenitrogen-purgedglove-boxor inanevacuatedcryostat
Resul
Avarietyofresultswereobtained.Manydevicesneverexhibitedanythingother thanresistivebehavior.SomedevicesexhibitedanonlinearI{Vcharacteristiafterthedevicewas\burnedin"byapplyingaconstantvoltageforarela- tivelylongperiodoftime(severalminutes),duringwhichtimetheelectricapropertieseventuallysettledintoarepeatablepattern.Somedevicesexhib- itedawell-denednonlinearI{Vcharacteristicimmediately,butoftenwoulfailrapidlyunlessoperatedwhileimmersedinliquidnitrogen,probablyduetexcesspowerdissipationinthedevice.Twoofthedevicesconstructedshowed asymmetricelectricalcharacteristic,i.e.,equalbutoppositeforward-biasanreverse-biasbehavior.ThisresultisshowninFigure6.2. 
 
CHAPTER7.ELECTRICALLYSYMMETRICPPADIODES 
SubstrateITOPPAAlSubstrateITOPPAAluminumElectrode
Figure7.1:Al/PPA/ITODiodeDeviceConstruction(nottoscale)

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