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Responsible Procurement of Wood-Based Material from Sustainably Managed Forests

Responsible Procurement of Wood-Based Material from Sustainably Managed Forests

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Published by PEFC International
Explains why PEFC Chain of Custody certification is a reliable and credible mechanism for businesses to prove to their customers where the wood for their products has come from.
Explains why PEFC Chain of Custody certification is a reliable and credible mechanism for businesses to prove to their customers where the wood for their products has come from.

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Categories:Types, Brochures
Published by: PEFC International on Jan 26, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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responsible procurement o wood-based
why youneed achain ofcustody
responsible procurement o wood-based
materials from sustainably managed forests
What is certication?
Evidence that wood comes romsustainably managed orests can beprovided through orest certication.Forest certication coversSustainable Forest Managementcertication o orest enterprisesand Chain o Custody certication oprocessing or trading companies.
Sustainable Forest Managementcertication provides an assurancethat the orests are managedsustainably. Sustainably managedorests are those whose managementimplements perormance standardsbased on internationally agreedenvironmental, social and economicalrequirements.Chain o custody certication isa mechanism or tracing certiedmaterial rom the orest to the nalproduct to provide certainty that theproduct or product line, about whicha claim is being made, is linked to acertied orest
The challenge
Consumers in growing numbers are seeking evidence o environmentally sound business practices. Publicauthorities and corporate procurement policies increasingly demand reassurance and proo rom the paperand wood-processing industries that the wood they use or their products comes rom sustainably managedorests. It is generally agreed that wood-based products have a better overall environmental record thancompetitor materials, but questions have arisen about the management o the orests rom which the woodoriginates. Businesses thereore need a reliable and credible mechanism to prove to their customers wherethe wood or their products has come rom.
Tracking system options orcertied material
The orest-based product’s origin can be traced in dierentways, tailored to the situation and needs o the certiedcompany: by using the so-called percentage basedmethod or by physical separation o certied wood, paperor other orest-based products.
The Percentage based method
allows mixing certiedand non-certied raw material during the production ortrading process. However the percentage o the certiedraw material must be known and communicatedto the company’s customers (average percentage).Alternatively, the company can sell as certied theproportion o its production which equals the percentageo certied raw material used (volume credit).
The Physical separation method
requires separatingcertifed and non-certifed raw material during all phaseso the company’s production / trading process to ensurethat certifed raw material is not mixed with non-certifedraw material. When the physical separation method isused or products with percentage based claims, everydelivery must be processed or traded separately.
Details are provided in the PEFC International Chain oCustody Standard (Annex 4 o the Technical Document) atwww.pec.org.
Percentage based methodPhysical separation method
% wood certied% wood rom certied sources% wood rom non-certied sources
Communicating with customers
PEFC logo options orcertied products
Depending on the tracking methodused and the percentage o certiedraw material, the company has dierentoptions to label its certied products.To be able to label a certied product, aminimum content o 70% o PEFC certiedmaterial is necessary in the product. In thecase o recycled material in the product,the percentage o the recycled part isstated inside the Mobius loop symbol andtogether with the certied part is countedto ull the 70% threshold or labelling.The dierent options may be accompaniedby option specic claims.Details o PEFC’s Logo Usage Rules areprovided in the Annex 5 o the PEFCTechnical Document atwww.pec.org.
From sustainablymanaged forestsFor more info:www.pefc.org
Promoting sustainableforest managementFor more info:www.pefc.org
Promoting sustainable forestmanagement & recyclingFor more info: www.pefc.org
Physical separationPercentage basedRecycled Material
The logo can be used optionally, on or oproduct, under licence rom PEFC. PEFCcertied companies wanting to use thePEFC logo should contact their nationalPEFC oce, and in countries withouta PEFC member organisation, the PEFCCouncil directly.Certied orests are the start o the woodchain and each subsequent enterprisemust have a chain o custody certicate toallow orest-based products to be tracedrom the orest to the nished product.
Forest Certicate Chain o Custody Chain o Custody Chain o Custody Chain o Custody
Saeguards against timber rom illegallogging
To help timber and paper companies prevent wood rom controversialsources (illegal logging) nding its way into their products, PEFChas put in place a stringent saeguard mechanism or the Avoidanceo raw material rom Controversial Sources. The mechanism is acompulsory part o PEFC’s Chain o Custody standard and puts in placesaety checks such as risk analyses, external assessments and on-site inspections, to ensure the legality o the uncertied wood. Thesesaeguard checks are scrutinized by the independent certiers duringtheir annual audits and thus provide companies with a ‘double saetynet’ or their procurement. Details are laid out in the PEFC InternationalChain o Custody Standard (Annex 4), Appendix 7 at www.pec.org.
Non-wood orest products
PEFC oers an option or Non Wood Forest Products (NWFP) inits International Chain o Custody standard. This allows companiesto market products, such as berries and mushrooms, which comerom PEFC certied orests, with the PEFC logo. Certied NWFP donot include orest related services (e.g. tourism and sports), nor aretangible or non tangible products and raw materials, whose origincannot be linked to a specic orest property (e.g. animals, birds, airand water) able to be marketed under this option. NWFP are controlledthrough PEFC’s International Chain o Custody standard. Detailsare provided in the PEFC International Chain o Custody Standard(Annex 4), Appendix 8 at www.pec.org.

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