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Commission of the European Communities

Commission of the European Communities

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Published by eventwithme
COMMISSION STAFF WORKING DOCUMENT ANNEX to the COMMUNICATION FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE COUNCIL, THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT, THE EUROPEAN ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COMMITTEE AND THE COMMITTEE OF THE REGIONS The concept of clusters and cluster policies and their role for competitiveness and innovation: Main statistical results and lessons learned {COM(2008) 652}
COMMISSION STAFF WORKING DOCUMENT ANNEX to the COMMUNICATION FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE COUNCIL, THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT, THE EUROPEAN ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COMMITTEE AND THE COMMITTEE OF THE REGIONS The concept of clusters and cluster policies and their role for competitiveness and innovation: Main statistical results and lessons learned {COM(2008) 652}

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COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES
Brussels, 17.10.2008SEC(2008)2637
COMMISSION STAFF WORKING DOCUMENTANNEX to theCOMMUNICATION FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE COUNCIL, THEEUROPEAN PARLIAMENT, THE EUROPEAN ECONOMIC AND SOCIALCOMMITTEE AND THE COMMITTEE OF THE REGIONSThe concept of clusters and cluster policies and their role for competitiveness andinnovation: Main statistical results and lessons learned{COM(2008) 652}
 
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
Introduction................................................................................................................................31. The concept of clusters and main definitions...............................................................51.1. The definition and concept of clusters.........................................................................51.2. The concept and economic rationale of clusters..........................................................71.3. The emergence of clusters............................................................................................81.4. Identification and measurement of clusters................................................................112. The economic impact of clusters on competitiveness and innovation.......................192.1. Clusters and innovation performance of firms and regions.......................................192.2. Clusters and specialisation.........................................................................................24 2.3. Clusters and economic performance..........................................................................283. Cluster policies in Europe: Concepts and main characteristics.................................303.1. Concept and rational of cluster policies in Europe....................................................303.2. The role of trans-national cooperation at policy and programme level forstrengthening clusters.................................................................................................363.3. Community support for transnational cluster cooperation at policy and programmelevel: First results and future challenges....................................................................374. Cluster initiatives and cluster organisations in Europe..............................................424.1. Concept and role of cluster organisations..................................................................424.2. The role of trans-national cooperation between cluster initiatives and clusterorganisations for strengthening clusters.....................................................................474.3. Community support for transnational cluster cooperation between cluster initiativesand cluster organisations: First results and future challenges....................................525. Towards better complementarities between regional, national and European efforts insupport of clusters: The main challenges ahead.........................................................595.1. The needs and scope for better coordination between the different Communityinstruments in support of clusters..............................................................................595.2. New challenges in support of clusters to be addressed at European level.................63Challenge Nº 1: To better prioritise Member State’s cluster policies towards the needs of world-class clusters in the EU....................................................................................63Challenge Nº 2: To better provide Member States and regions with neutral and reliableinformation about clusters..........................................................................................63Challenge Nº 3: More and better practical cooperation at policy level between Member States....................................................................................................................................64Challenge Nº 4: To better integrate innovative SMEs into clusters and the Lead MarketInitiative.....................................................................................................................65Challenge Nº 5: To raise the quality of cluster management all over Europe.........................66References................................................................................................................................67Glossary....................................................................................................................................72

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