History of Rail Transport:
The history of rail transport dates back nearly 500 yearsand includes systems with man or horse power and rails of wood or stone. Modern rail transport systems first appearedin England in the 1820s. These systems, which made use of the steam locomotive, were the first practical forms of mechanized land transport, and they remained the primaryform of mechanized land transport for the next 100 years.As the colliery and quarry tram ways and wagon waysgrew longer, the possibility of using the technology for thepublic conveyance of goods suggested itself. On 26 July1803, Jessop opened the Surrey Iron Railway in south London- arguably, the world's first public railway, albeit a horse-drawn one. It was not a railway in the modern sense of theword, as it functioned like a turnpike road. There were noofficial services, as anyone could bring a vehicle on therailway by paying a toll.
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