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Physics - Summaries - Electromagnetism

# Physics - Summaries - Electromagnetism

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Physics - Summaries - Electromagnetism
Physics - Summaries - Electromagnetism

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12/30/2012

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Topicl0:
Electromagnetism
MaPnetic
fields
due
to currents
lons
straishtconductins wire
Flat
circular coilSolenoidNote
that
direction of
B-field
is
always
out of
North and into
South
-exceptwithin
a
bar magnet
/
solenoid.
Within
a
barmagnet
/
solenoid,the direction
ofthe
B-field
is
from
South
to
North!
When viewed
fromthe
bottom:
llPaee

Force
on
a
current-carryingconductorAny current-carrying conductor
which
is
placed
in a
magnetic field
long
as
the
current direction
is
not
parallelto the
field
dirCclion.
Examples:
will
experience
a
force
as
r&
Direction
of
torce
can be
determined
by
Fleminq's Left
Hand Rule
Magnitude
offorce
can be
determined
by
equation:
Note: To
determine
8"!,
you
have
to
resolve
the
B
field
into
2
components
(tfdjrection
of
B
is
to the conductor):
(1)
along
the
conductor, and
12)
perpendiculartothe
conductor-this
is
the
8,we
want.
gcss!!-qab.!!e
2lPaee
To
maintainthe equilibrium
of
the
wire
frame,
the
P.inciples
of Momentsshould
be
applied
to
determine
the
unknown
quantity.
Sum
ofanticlockwise
moments
=
Som
of clockwisemoments
at Xy)
F><\=n's:t2

Force
on
a
chargemovinq
in
a
masnetic
field
Step
1:
Determine
the current
due
to
the
motion
ofthe
charge
.
if
charge
is
positive,
current
is
ln
direction ofmotion;
.
if
charge
is
negative,
current
is in
direction
oppositeto
that
of
motion
!!Cp.Z:
Using
Fleming'sLeft
Hand
Rule
to
determine
the direction
ofthe
forceacting
on
the
charge.
{Maenitude
ofthe
force
can be
found
using
Fs
:
6qu)
{
Step
3:
ll
you
to
sketch
the subsequentmovement
of
the
charges,
note
that
as
long
as
it
remains
within
the uniform
magnetic
field,
it
will
move
in
a
circular
oath.
Directionofcircularpath
is
betweendirections
of
FB
and v.Force
between
2
current-carving
conductors
Currents
in same
direction
.
wires experience
attraction towards
each
other
Currents
in
opoosite directions
.
wiresexperience repulsion
from
each
other
'.4.
.
3lPase