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Phy Revision Wave Motion

Phy Revision Wave Motion

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09/04/2013

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Topic
5:
Wave
Motion
lf
the
waveform
of
a
wave
movesThe
transfer
of energy
is
facilitated
Related
formulae
Period
Phase
Difference
0This
is
expressedin
terms
of
a
fraction
Note:2n
or
360"
=
one
cycle
or
progressesrelative
to
its space,
it
isaprogressivewave.
by
progressive
waves.
Stationary
waves
retain
enersv.
tr-11
I'l
l:4
ol
lhe
wdve
cy(
lp
or
in
ter
m\
o[
dn anglp.Derivation
ofv=
f
Dr(ldn(elravelled
by
wave inone
pe
od
-
i
distdn(plrdvellpd
by
wave inonp
ppriod
5pee0
ol
wave
period
ofwave
=I=(1..]^="
T
\'T,]
0LxLt2tt 1
'l'Situations
Between
2
waves
ofthe
same
frequency
Graphical
lllustration
(assuming
wave(s)
is/are
moving
from
left
to
ri
(i)
From
displacement-distance
graphDistance between
2
correspondinqpoints
Phase
differen.e
between
the5e
2
wdves:
Ax0
=
Tx2tt
llPage

(ii)
From
displa€ement-timegraph
Timeinterval between
2
correspondingpoints
(At)
Phase
difference
betweenthese
2
waves:
T
{b)
Between2
points
on
the
sameFrom
displacement-distance graph
Distancebetween
P
and
Q(Ax)
Phase
difference
1
wavelength
(
)
betweenpoints
P
and
0
=Exzn
2lPage

lntensity
lntensity
o(
(amplitude)'?
16A2
or
/
"(+
or
[z
[a
Note
2:
Most
questionsinvolving
the
concept
of
intensity
should
be
approached
using
the
'comparison'method,
i.e.using
ratios_
!q!g-!:
Forthe
samepointsource,
power
{P}
is
a
constant.
Example
1:A
small sourceproduces
a
sound
of intensity
3.0
x
1O2
Wm_,
at
a
distance5.0 m away.
Calculate
the
intensity
of
the
sound at
a
distance
10.0
m
away.
Solulion
Given
11=
3.0
x
10-'Wm
2;
r,
-
5.6
6
lz=
?;
r,
=
10.0
mFor
the
same
source,
P
is
a
constant.
Hence
I
x
{
t,
-
("\',,
(';)'
",,(#)'
x
3.0
x
lo
2
7.s
x
r
o-r
wm
)
3lPage