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Oracle St04

Oracle St04

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Published by khaled_dude
SAP Oracle Performance Analysis ST04
SAP Oracle Performance Analysis ST04

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Published by: khaled_dude on Jan 27, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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01/09/2013

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1.
From the R/3 main screen, choose:
Tools
→ 
 
 Administration
→ 
 
Computing Center 
→ 
Management System
→ 
 
Control 
→ 
 
Performance Menu 
→ 
 
Database
→ 
 
 Activity 
 Alternatively, use transaction code
 
ST04.
 
Sort by the column
 Buffer Gets
. Check for statements that are executed very often with alow number of 
 Bufgets/record 
. These statements should be analyzed.
Sorts (Oracle)
 
This section shows the total number of sort operations along with the number of sort operationsperformed in memory or on disk.Sort operations take place if you use
ORDER BY
,
GROUP BY
 
or 
SORT MERGE JOIN
 
SQLstatements. Sorting is also done during index creation. Sorting can be a very expensive processand should be avoided whenever possible. It is generally better for performance if sorting is donein memory than on disk.
See also:
Time Statistics (Oracle)
An Oracle shadow process either runs actively on the PC (it uses
CPU time
) or else it waits. Waitsituations can be divided into cases where the Oracle process is waiting because there iscurrently nothing for it to do ('idle waits') or where the Oracle process wants to run but first has towait for a resource that is not yet available (
'busy waits
'). 'Total waits time' describes the sum of 'idle wait time' and 'busy waits time'.
Sessions busy 
is defined as
(CPU time + busy wait time) / (CPU time + total wait time).
 
CPU usage
is defined as
CPU time / Elapsed time
.
Time/ User call 
is defined as
(CPU time + busy wait time) / User calls
.Note that the three ratios show mean values since database startup. If you want to determine theactual load at its peak, you should use the monitor's
Reset
 
-function.
See also:
Table Scans/Table Fetch (Oracle)
This section of the monitor shows how database data is accessed.A full table scan occurs when Oracle must read all data blocks of a table from disk. When theamount of data being read is small (short tables), this type of access is preferable. When theamount of data being read is large (long tables), index access may be preferable.When data from a table is accessed via an index, Oracle performs the actual lookup using therowID of the block holding the data. Access via this kind of index is normally very fast.If a data record does not fit in one Oracle data block (whose size is determined by
db_block_size
 
(
DB_BLOCK_SIZE (Oracle))), it must be continued in another block (datachaining).
See also:
 
Redo Log Buffer (Oracle)
This buffer (memory area in the SGA) holds information about changes made to data and objectsin the database. The Oracle background process LGWR writes entries from the redo log buffer tothe on-line redo log files on the disk.
 Allocation fault rate
shows the ratio of times Oracle attempted to find space available space in theredo log buffer and was unsuccessful. When this happens, the user process must wait until spacein the buffer is free.
See also:
Calls (Oracle)
This section of the monitor shows the type and number of database accesses made on behalf of Oracle processes. The value for rollbacks indicates the number of times an Oracle process failedto complete the commit of an operation.By monitoring database accesses, you can control the system load, separated by both user andinternal operations.
See also:
 
Data Buffer (Oracle)
Data buffers have the following functions:
Table: Data buffer and their functions
 
BufferFunction
Data buffer 
holds Oracle blocks in shared memory (System GlobalArea or SGA)
Data buffer quality 
measures the number of times that a data block requested

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