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ما هو محرك البحث

ما هو محرك البحث

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Published by: raafatradwan on Jan 27, 2010
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10/02/2013

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؟ثحبلا كرحم وه مثحبلا كرحم)search engine(ت نع ثَحبلا نيمد  ِ خس ُ ل يُجمر وهقاوم ولا قاوم) ةفخلا را صم نض دحمFTP ) Telnet(:ه ةسيئ ءازأ ة نم ثحبلا كرحم ل ،(توبلا جمر).spider program( ر ِ ف ُ لا جمر).indexer program( .ثحبلا كرحم جمرد َ خسُثحبلا ترحم  أ رذل ردلا نم :ةم.ط دا  ٍ قوم نض ثحبل:ثحبلا كرحل ةولا جماربلا ةفيظ رش1.توبلا جمر
) توبكنعلا ج َمر ثحبلا ت ُرحم د ِخس َspider (
،هفض يولا ى ةديد تحص يازلا  ًيأ جمربلا اذ ىسي )crawler (ى طا يولا تحص ةيزل ءده را ف رحبي ُ  حلا اون م قاولا تارشؤم جمربلا اذ ذي ،هيوحم )title() لا تكلا ،keywordsلا ( تيوحم ىلإ فضإ ،هيوح 
(
حلا ى توبكنعلا جمر ةي ر  .هف ) ارلا  َ ع َ جمربلا ي  قول ىلاlinksذ م يغلا مأ .رأ تحص ةيزل هف ةوولا ( ل ،دع ف هلإ ةوعلا م رحلا كل ،ثحبلا رحل هلا ظ ف ةنلا ونلا ض هف تايزلاقاول ي تاي ثحبلا رحم ظني إ ،ثحبلا رحم م   قولا ف وحلا رغ ةركف غ .رهلا قاولا  لا تيدعلا م دل رهلا ف ةوولا
2.ره ُلا جمر  ر ِه َ ُلا جمر ي ُ)index program() ولكلا ،catalogue) ت ةدق ، ًأ (databaseخض ( توبكنعلا جمر م ه  َ َ لا تموعلا ى صولا اذ ف دع َ ،يولا تحص ص ّو َ ُ
)
(
ذ ف هع  ثحبلا ترحم خ ،ر م اًارك را تكلا م ريعلا ع ى دع  لا تماو ف هفا ىلإ فضإ ،ريعلا)ranking algorithms.(
 
3.ثحبلا رحم جمر ) ثحبلا رحم جمر  أدبي search engine program) م   دن (keywordرم ف ( ثحبلا)search box(ف ره ُلا جمر و ذلا عا ح لا يولا تحص  ثحبي لا كلا جمربلا اذ ذي إ ؛) رهلا ت ةدق index databaseد ِخس ُلا هبط لا يولا تح لا ثحبلا  ر َع ُ  ،( رعس ُلا ةذف ف ).browser window(
:ثحبلا ترحم ىع ةمأولا ىع ر لا ثحبلا ترحم نم ريب دع دو رصحلا  لا يب ىع م رذLycosAltaVistaExciteNetscape
سفلأ ت ةدق ح : ًف ،علا وأ ف هع  ثحبلا ترحم خ )AltaVista(ص ك  حي دف را ثحبلا تلآ م ر مأ ،زخلا يولا حص ىلإ ؤي م ،ف حل سئرلا ينعل 
 
.دخس ُل ةرظلا ثحبلا جئ ق كش جئ ا
 
ثحبلا تلآ
لا تكلا ىدي م يولا قاوم  هح ف دخس ثحبلا ترحم أ  ً ر )keywords(لا ةب أ  وك أ كي )phrase(تمعلا  َعةً ثحبلا ت ُلآ د ِخس َ .)operators(ذ م ، ،تمعلا ذ ع   للا دلا ف رع .ثحبلا عل فضإ تا رفول ،لا تكلا:ه ما ع  ىلإ
ل ىع ةمأ ع ةرثحبلا ممُ.دحم بع نع ثحبل م ُ لا اذه د َ خسُcomputer technologyذه وح لا ولا قاوم هدع ر َ ُ)( ير عارم م بلا" "نع ثحبل تلا نم ةعوم م د َ خسُ.(ةم أ رفم) تلا ذه وح قاومComputer + technologyوح لا تحفصلا قاولا هدع ر َ ُ)ةcomputerةtechnologyنل  م لا دو أ رل يل.(سف قولا 
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