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Internet Applications

Internet Applications

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Published by balaji bysani
it gives u a small idea of internet applications...
it gives u a small idea of internet applications...

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Published by: balaji bysani on Jan 28, 2010
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08/03/2012

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INTERNET APPPLICATIONS:-
 Internet:
A global network connecting millions of computers. More than 100 countries are linkedinto exchanges of data, news and opinions. Unlike online services, which are centrallycontrolled, the Internet is decentralized by design. Each Internet computer, called a
host 
,is independent. Its operators can choose which Internet services to use and which localservices to make available to the global Internet community. Remarkably, this anarchy bydesign works exceedingly well. There are a variety of ways to access the Internet. Mostonline services, such as America Online, offer access to some Internet services. It is also possible to gain access through a commercial Internet Service Provider (ISP).
1. E-MAIL:
One of the earliest applications of computer networks was exchangingmessages and files among users of the network. When networks expanded into internet alogical step was to exchange messages among persons spread out all over the world. itsoon became one of the most popular applications of the internet and was calledelectronic mail or e-mail .E-mail system is so reliable today that people use it for important communications and don’t send the so-called postal copy for confirmation. Theuse of e-mail has expanded with provisions to attach pictures and audio files to text.
Current e-mail systems provide the following facilities:
Send a message to a specified recipient or a group of recipients
Send a message that includes as an attachment a text, audio, graphics or videofile.
Send a message along with a program which can be executed at the recipient’scomputer and send a reply.In order to be able to send or receive e-mail you need a unique address. It is similar to need to have a postal address if you want to receive letters. The e-mail address has theform:yourname@name of your e-mail server assigned by domain name server For example, my e-mail address is: bhargavroyal4mgrt@gmail.comMy id for e-maile-mail serveif you want to send e-mail from your home you need to have;
a.
A telephone connection
 
B.A
modem in your computer.Most recent computers have a built-in modem which cantransmit/received @56.6Kbps.If your computer doesn’t have a built-in modemWhich is usually connected to a serial port of your computer?
C.The
ISP will provide you an e-mail id and allow you to use a secret password of your own to access your mail boxes.
D.It
is possible to have files attached to your mail like ASCII, jpeg, tif, mp3, etc.
2. INFORMATION BROWSING SERVICE 
One of the most important and widely used applications using the internet isknown as
information browsing.
By
information browsing 
we mean: ``to re trive anddisplay specified information stored in one or more computers connected to a computer network”. Browsing also implies interactivity. In other words, one should be able to readwhat is displayed and, based on it, able to access other related information which may bestored on the same or any other computer. Other tasks can also be performed by browserswhich are:
Obtain text, graphics, audio or video information from a variety of remotecomputers connected to the network.
Displays obtain information on your VDU if it is text. If you have a multimediacomputer then audio, graphics, video can be presented.
Store retrieved information in your disk.
Print the retrieved text/graphics.The term computer network we have used in the definition may be a LAN, WAN,internet or intranet.These types of browsings are two typesA)Menu Based BrowsingB)Hypertext Based Browsing
3. THE WORLD WIDE WEB
Another major application of the internet is known as the World WideWeb or web. The web has become most important information infrastructure in the worldand has a user base of billions. At the touch of a terminal button we can get informationfrom the all corners of globe. It has also enabled many other services such ase-commerce, e-governance, e-publishing etc.TIM Berners-Lee was in 1989 build software which will use thisinfrastructure effectively to retrieve documents Stored in various servers spread acrosslaboratories. He designed a new set of rules for computers to retrieve textual data fromremote servers. This was called Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP).The next step was to describe a notation to mark keywords in documents for ease of search and retrieval .This was called Hypertext Markup Language (HTML).

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