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A US Ministry of Transport Report on Using Hydrogen and Hydroxy Boosters With Diesel Engines

A US Ministry of Transport Report on Using Hydrogen and Hydroxy Boosters With Diesel Engines

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Published by: jrod on Jan 28, 2010
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Final Report
November 2007
This document is intended to be a safety reference for commercial vehicle fleet owners andoperators that use vehicles or auxiliary power units powered by hydrogen. It was designed toprovide commercial vehicle owners and operators with a basic understanding of the propertiesand characteristics of hydrogen, descriptions of the types of systems that might use hydrogenfuel on commercial vehicles, and practical guidelines for the safe use of hydrogen, both onvehicles and in vehicle maintenance and storage facilities.Hydrogen properties and characteristics are significantly different from those of othercommercial motor fuels, such as gasoline and diesel fuel, and commercial vehicle systems thatuse hydrogen fuel can also be significantly different from typical gasoline or diesel engines. Anunderstanding of these differences is important to understanding what the operator of a vehiclepowered by hydrogen should and should not do in order to maintain safety during transportation.
This document is disseminated under the sponsorship of the Department of Transportation in theinterest of information exchange. The United States Government assumes no liability for itscontents or the use thereof.The contents do not necessarily reflect the official policy of the Department of Transportation.This report does not constitute a standard, specification, or regulation.The United States Government does not endorse products or manufacturers. Trade ormanufacturers’ names appear herein only because they are considered essential to the objectiveof this document.
Technical Report Documentation Page (Form 1700.7)
1. Report No.
2. Government Accession No. 3. Recipient's Catalog No.4. Title and Subtitle:
Guidelines for Use of Hydrogen Fuel in Commercial Vehicles
5. Report Date:
November 2007
6. Performing Organization Code7. Author(s):
John M. Simon, CSP, Booz Allen Hamilton Inc.Stephen Brady, Booz Allen Hamilton Inc.Dana Lowell, M. J. Bradley & AssociatesMichael Quant, Booz Allen Hamilton Inc.
8. Performing Organization Report No.10. Work Unit No. (TRAIS)9. Performing Organization Name and Address:
Booz Allen Hamilton Inc.444 S. Flower Street, Suite 1850Los Angeles, California 90071
11. Contract or Grant No.
13. Type of Report and Period Covered
Final Report
12. Sponsoring Agency Name and Address:
U.S. Department of TransportationFederal Motor Carrier Safety AdministrationTechnology Division (MC-RRT)1200 New Jersey Ave. SEWashington, DC 20590
14. Sponsoring Agency Code
15. Supplementary Notes:16. Abstract:
Over the next 50 years, hydrogen use is expected to grow dramatically as an automotive and electrical power sourcefuel. As hydrogen becomes commercially viable, the safety concerns associated with hydrogen systems, equipment,and operation are of concern to the commercial motor vehicle industry. This report is intended to provide guidelinesfor use of hydrogen fuel as an alternative fuel by a commercial vehicle fleet operator to ensure long-term safeoperation.
17. Key Words:
alternative fuel, APU, auxiliary power units, buses, commercial vehicles,compressed fuel cell, guidelines, hydrogen, hydrogen gas, hydrogen injectionsystem, hydrogen internal combustion engine, hydrogen safety, liquefiedhydrogen, motorcoaches, trucks
18. Distribution Statement
No restrictions.
19. Security Classif. (of this report)
20. Security Classif. (of this page)
21. No. of Pages:
22. Price
Form DOT F 1700.7
(8-72) Reproduction of completed page authorized.

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