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Weather Safety

Weather Safety

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Published by laurackimball

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Published by: laurackimball on Jan 28, 2010
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Thunder & Lightning Storms
Indoors:
Stay off the phone
Stay away from windows:
In any high- powered windstorm, it is best not be in a room with windows... If your house doesn't have a windowless room, you should at least do something like cowering behind an overturned table or a heavy sofa in case glass starts flying.
Use flashlights if the power goes out
Discontinue use of phones and electricalequipment. You may also want to unplugappliances and computers.
Avoid taking a shower or bath. If lightningstrikes your house it may send a current ofelectricity across metal plumbing throughoutthe house.
Outdoors:
 
Stay low
If possible, find shelter in a building
Keep away from trees, tall objects, metalobjects and water
Boaters and swimmer should get to land asa soon as possible
If you are in a group caught outside, spreadout.
If you begin to feel your hair stand on end,this indicates lightning is about to strike. Youshould drop to your knees and bend forwardplacing your hands on your knees andcrouch down. Do not lie flat on the ground;this will only make you a larger target.
While driving:
Reduce your speed
Pull off to the shoulder of the road. Be sureyou're away from tall objects, such as trees,which could fall due to wind or lightning anddo not clog highway underpasses.
Turn on your emergency flashers
Remain in the car until the storm passes
Do not touch any metal objects in the car
Avoid driving on roads covered by water
Floods and Flash Floods
Not only do they do tremendous damage, but they are also the U
 
SA's second biggest natural disaster killer. Floods comein two varieties, flash floods and the kind often called "river floods" or "main stream floods."
Flash floods:
They occurwhen heavy rain or a broken dam cause a sudden rise in the level of a stream, often a small, harmless-looking stream. Aflash flood warning for a stream that you are on means get away from it now.
What to do when a flood watch or warning is issued
Flood watch:
Flooding is possible in and around the watch area.
This is your clue to be prepared in the event a warningis issued. You may wish to move valuable items, including furniture, to higher ground
Flood warning:
Flooding is occurring or imminent.
Stay tuned to radio, television outlets for further information.Evacuate if told to do so.
Flash flood watch:
Flash floods are possible in and around the watch area.
This is your clue to be prepared to actquickly in the event a warning is issued
Flash flood warning:
Flash flooding is occurring or imminent. Seek higher ground immediately!
Evacuate immediately!Seconds could be the difference between life and death. Move to higher ground, away from rivers, streams and drainagesystems. If your car stalls in rapidly rising water, abandon it and climb to higher ground.
Urban and small stream flooding advisory
:
Flooding is occurring or imminent in urban areas, but is expected to bemore of an inconvenience
rather than life-threatening. Flooding of low-lying and poor drainage areas is likely and smallstreams may reach bank full
.
 
Hurricane safety guide
Hurricanes are one of nature's most powerful forces, turning warm ocean water into powerful winds capable of massdestruction. The heavy rains, flooding, and winds are in excess of 74 mph, which can bring storm surges and tornadoes.
Hurricane & Tropical Storm Alerts
These advisories are issued for counties along the coast. For inland counties, flood and wind advisories are often issued.As tropical systems go ashore, severe weather can occur. Therefore watches and warnings for severe thunderstorms andtornadoes may also be issued.
 
Tropical storm watch:
Tropical stormconditions with steady winds of 39-73 mph arepossible within 36 hours.
 
Tropical storm warning:
Tropical stormconditions with steady winds of 39-73 mph areexpected within 24 hours.
 
Hurricane watch:
Hurricane conditions withwinds of at least 74 mph, coastal flooding andheavy rain are possible within 36 hours.
 
Hurricane warning:
Hurricane conditions withwinds of at least 74 mph, coastal flooding andheavy rain are expected within 24 hours.
Preparations and During a Hurricane Watch:
 Tip: These tasks can be done at any time during the year, although during a
hurricane or tropical storm watch 
these arevery important.
Stay tuned to future forecasts and possible warnings
Listen to officials regarding evacuations and shelterlocations
Stock up on water, batteries, non-perishable food
If along the immediate coast, seek higher groundinland
Bring in or tie down loose outdoor objects
Prepare your house
Check up on the elderly, those who may needassistance
During the hurricane
Remain calm and out of danger.
Stay indoors and away from windows.
Stay tuned to radio (or TV if available) forweather bulletins.
Use flashlights as a source of light.
Candles can easily become a fire hazard
Listen to local authorities.
After the hurricane
Listen to local officials.
Stay clear of downed power lines, trees, debris.
Do not drive across flooded roadways.
Stay clear of moving water especially nearrivers, streams and drainage systems
Stay tuned to radio (or TV if available) forweather and news bulletins.
Use flashlights as a source of light. Candles caneasily become a fire hazard.
 
Tornados
Preparations
: Planning what you would do in the event a tornado watch or warning is issued, designate a tornadoshelter and a quick and safe route to it. Have in this location a flashlight and extra batteries & portable, battery-operated radio and extra batteries. When a tornado is coming, you have only a short amount of time to make life-or-death decisions. Advance planning and quick response are the keys to surviving a tornado.
 
Tornado Watches and Warnings:
The National Weather Service issues a
tornado watch 
when tornadoes are likely todevelop. If a watch is issued, remind family members where they should go, and listen to the radio or television for furtherdevelopments. A
tornado warning 
is issued when a tornado has been sighted or indicated by radar. The danger is veryserious and everyone should go to a safe place, turn on a battery-operated radio, and wait for further instructions.
If atornado warning is issued for your location, take the following steps immediately:
(source: Federal Emergency Management Agency)
 
.
If at Home:
 
Go to the basement, storm cellar,or the lowest level of the building.
 
If no basement, go to an innerhallway or a smaller inner roomwithout windows, such as a bathroomor closet.
 
Get away from the windows.
 
Go to the center of the room.Debris can sometimes come throughwalls.
 
Get under a piece of sturdyfurniture such as a heavy table or desk and hold on to it.
 
If you have time, get a mattress orblankets to protect your head and theheads of any children with you,otherwise use your arms to protectyour head and neck.
 
If you live in a mobile home,get out and find shelter elsewhere in aermanent buildin.
If at Work or School:
 
 
Go to the basement or to an insidehallway at the lowest level.
 
Avoid places with wide-spanroofs such as auditoriums, cafeterias,large hallways, or shopping malls.
 
Get under a piece of sturdyfurniture such as a workbench orheavy table or desk and hold on to it.
 
Use your arms to protect yourhead and neck.
If Outdoors:
 
 
If Possible, get inside a building
 
If shelter is not available or there is no time to get indoors, lie in a ditch orlow-lying area or crouch near a strong building. Be aware of the potential forflooding.
 
Use your arms to protect your head and neck.
If in a Car:
 
 
Go to the basement or to an insidehallway at the lowest level.
 
Never try to out drive a tornado ina car or truck. Tornadoes can changedirection quickly and can lift up a caror truck and toss it through the air.
 
Get out of the car immediatelyand take shelter in a nearby building.
 
If there is no time to get indoors,get out of the car and lie in a ditch orlow-lying area away from the vehicle.Be aware of the potential for flooding.
Signs a Tornado may be coming:
 
Large hail -Tornadoes are spawned from powerfulthunderstorms and the most powerful thunderstorms producelarge hail. Tornadoes frequently emerge from near the hailProducing portion of the storm.
 
Calm before the storm - Before a tornado hits, the wind maydie down and the air may become very still.
 
Cloud of debris - An approaching cloud of debris can mark the location of a tornado even if a funnel is not visible.
 
Funnel cloud - A visible rotating extension of the cloud baseis a sign that a tornado may develop. A tornado is evident whenone or more of the clouds turns greenish (a phenomenon causedby hail) and a dark funnel descends.
 
Roaring noise - The high winds of a tornado can cause a roarthat is often compared with the sound of a freight train.
 
Calm behind the storm - Tornadoes can occur near thetrailing edge of a thunderstorm. It is common to see clear, sunlitskies behind a tornado.
After a Tornado:
 
Help injured or trapped persons
 
Give first aid when appropriate. Do not move theseriously injured unless they are in immediate danger of further injury. Call for help.
 
Turn on radio or television to get the latest information.
 
Use the telephone only for emergency calls.
 
Stay out of damaged buildings. Return home only whenauthorities say it is safe.
 
Look out for broken glass and downed power lines.
 
Beware of Gas Leaks and Sewage and Water LineDamage
 
Clean up spilled medicines, bleach, gasoline, or otherflammable liquids immediately. Leave the building if yousmell gas or chemical fumes.
 
Take pictures of damage to the house and its contents forinsurance purposes.
 
Remember to help neighbors who may require specialassistance like people with infants, the elderly, and peoplewith disabilities.

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