We incurred numerous debts in conducting thisstudy in New York City. Above all, we thank the1,432 New Yorkers who took valuable time outo their lives to participate in our survey. We alsoare grateul to the members o our national andlocal advisory boards, as well as the sta o theNational Employment Law Project, or invaluablehelp throughout all phases o the project.The elding o our survey could not havehappened without the talented and dedicatedteam o interviewers and translators wehad in New York. This team included ZayneAbdessalam, Ingrid Baez, Mame-Yaa Bosumtwo,Lana Cheung, Lourdes Diaz, Beatriz Gil, IlsoonHan, Julia Heming, Marta Kuersten, JulitaKwapinska, Emmanuel Louizaire, Olga Mexina,Eliseo Perez, Kwanza Price, MohammedRahman, Gabriela Reardon and Rachel Soltis.Majed Abbadi, Ju Bum Cha, Ewa Grigar andHumayun Kabir assisted with written translationearly on in the project.We are enormously grateul to the Joseph S.Murphy Institute or Worker Education and LaborStudies or donating vital space and resourcesor the elding o our survey. Gregory Mantsios,Paula Finn, Jeannette Gabriel, and the rest o thesta at the Institute warmly welcomed us intotheir oces and provided us with an invaluablehome base or our project.Similarly, we thank the ollowing institutions andindividuals or generously donating space orconducting our surveys: Carlos Molina, LorraineAltman and Chie Arnaldo Bernabe at HostosCommunity College; Aldrin Raael Bonilla andLesley Vann at CUNY in the Heights; DavidAndersson, Nahar Alam and Liliana Tovar at theDiversity Center o Queens; Ron Thomas at YorkCollege; and Ingrid Schwazkio, Carol Summarand George Miles at the Brooklyn FriendsMeeting House.A special thanks goes out to the ollowing peopleor enthusiastically responding to our manyrequests or help during the project: DimpleAbichandani, Rajani Adhikary, Chitra Aiyar, SteveChoi, Carrie Cleason, Darly Corniel, FrancineDelgado, Bhairavi Desai, Je Eichler, Nai Fowler,Andrew Friedman, Daniel Gross, ArtemioGuerra, Annabelle Heckler, Janet Hines, SherryKane, Chauncey Lennon, Rebecca Lurie, JamesMumm, Ed Ott, Lenore Palladino, Amadou PapaDiao, Ai-jen Poo, Rizwan Raja, Christine Riordan,Kate Rubin, Sekou Siby, Zoe Sullivan, RonThomas and Sondra Youdelman.For their invaluable comments on drats othis report, we thank Laura Caruso, AndrewFriedman, Priscilla Gonzalez, Saru Jayaraman,Raj Nayak, Chris Owens, Cathy Ruckelshaus,Joel Shuro, Rebecca Smith, Paul Sonnand Elly Spicer.Madonna Camel, Yuteh Cheng, Jay Fraserand Bob Lee o the Survey Research Centerat the University o Caliornia, Berkeley providedexpert assistance with interviewer training andthe programming o the survey instrument.The survey instrument was translated intoSpanish by Juanita Norori, and Alredo Burgoscreated the pictographs we used in ourrecruitment documents.
This research was generously unded bythe Ford Foundation, the John RandolphHaynes and Dora Haynes Foundation, theJoyce Foundation and the Russell SageFoundation. We greatly appreciate thesupport we received rom Whitney Smith,Diane Cornwell and Héctor Cordero-Guzmán.We are especially indebted to Eric Wanner,Aixa Cintrón-Veléz and Katherine McFate,without whom this project would not havebeen possible. The views expressed in thisreport are solely those o the authors.