1775: Anti-Loyalist riot at East Haddam. On April 23, the Second Company, Gov-ernor’s Foot Guard, under Captain Benedict Arnold, break into the New Havenpowder house to arm themselves and begin a three-day march to Cambridge, Mas-sachusetts.
Connecticut is cut in two by the Connecticut River, and the Long Island Soundforms its southern border. Most settlements are along the coast or in the river valley, which has good alluvial soil.
e land on either side is mostly forested hills. North-ern Connecticut is on the fringe of the Taconic Mountains, part of the Appalachianmountain chain.
e highest point in Connecticut is Bear Mountain (2,379 feet) inthe northwest corner of the colony.
Society and Politics
Connecticut has long been used to governing itself, thanks to its charter.
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
ed in 1639, invests the people with the au-thority to govern.With many colonists from Massachusetts, Connecticut has always leaned to- ward Puritanism, but tolerates Anglicans, Baptists, and other “sober dissenters.”However, tensions are growing over the Loyalist tendencies of Connecticut Angli-cans, who are mainly concentrated in Fair
Hartford stands on the Connecticut River. It was founded as a mainly farmingcommunity, but has grown into a commercial and administrative center.
e lead-ing founder,
omas Hooker, was a Cambridge-educated Puritan who maintainedthat
e foundation of authority is laid,
rstly, in the free consent of the people.”
isphilosophy is a direct challenge to the concept of the Divine Right of Kings, whichunderpins the British monarchy.
e Connecticut Colony, based at Hartford, hadone of the world’s
rst written constitutions and went on to absorb the Saybrook andNew Haven Colonies, facts of which the people of Hertford are still proud.
e town square—marked with a monuments at each corner—contains the MeetingHouse, House of Correction, stocks, and a pillory. It is the center of the community,both for punishment and celebration. Hartford also boasts a public library, foundedin 1774 under the name of
e Librarian Company, and the residents are only toohappy to point out the Charter Oak and tell its story to visitors.