(human immunodeficiency virus) is the retrovirus that may lead to
(acquired immune deficiency syndrome). Ogden, (2004, p. 329). HIV damages thebody’s defence (immune system), making it more vulnerable to the effects of opportunistic infections” Thomas and Pierson (1999, p. 169). Once HIV enters thebody, it weakens the immune system so that the infected person can no longer fightoff life-threatening illnesses such as tuberculosis or rare forms of pneumonia or meningitis- what are called opportunistic infections” Fitzsimons et al, (1995, p. 13).
Gender inequality -
theorised on power relationship, ‘
-the sexualdifferentiation of human beings as male or female becomes a social concern or “gender segregation when we ascribe particular social significance to thesedifferences and allot roles accordingly so that they become a matter of socialconstruction rather than biological determination.” Burr, (1995, p. 12). In gender inequality, the disproportional power dynamics between the male and female humanbeings is perceived as discriminatory and exploitative of the latter. Hooper andDryden, (1994, p. 165).
. To date legal documents like;-“the United Nation Declaration of Human Rights;- Goal 3 of the Millennium Development Goals to promote gender equality andempower women;-goal 6 which aims to combat HIV/AIDS” Mutangura, (2002, p. 2) and-the specific 1979 ‘United Nation Convention on the Elimination of All forms of Discrimination against Women’ (CEDAW)” Mutangura, (2002, p. 3)have provided the framework for approaching the prevention of HIV/AIDS from agender neutral perspective. Despite these, the experiences of women diagnosed asHIV/AIDs positive in accessing relevant services show that gender inequality is not