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MotorSled

MotorSled

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Published by Jim

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Published by: Jim on Apr 23, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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03/19/2012

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MOTOR SLED
A Junior version of the snowmobilefor the small fry Arctic explorer.
BY AI.FRED BROSSEAU
I
N THE far northern stretches of Canada, not far from the Arctic Circle,the U. S. and Canadian Armies recentlycompleted a test of motorized equipmentcalled "Operation Musk Ox." The gaspowered sled described in this articleworks on the same principle as the snow-mobiles used in this operation and whileits ten mile an hour speed doesn't equalthe army's equipment, it will still giveyour boy all the thrills of Arctic travelingwithout going any further away thandown the street and back.While this isn't the sort of project thatcan be completed in a few evenings spentin the home workshop, for the man whois experienced with metal working andwho has a lathe and drill press, the sledshould be fairly easy to construct in areasonable period of time. The detailed
 
drawings of the principal parts shown areclear and easy to follow. Large-scale work-ing drawings are also available from theMI Reader Blueprint Service and will beof considerable assistance in buildingthe sled.The power plant in the original modelshown in the photos consisted of a 1/3 to1/2 horsepower, water-cooled Forster C Wmodel gasoline engine, driving a widetoothed wheel through a reduction gearand chain drive. However, an optionalinstallation could be made with a McCoyor Hornet air-cooled engine of the samehorsepower. This would eliminate theauto heater radiator which is required tocool the Forster job. With either installa-tion, the 20-1 ratio between the engineand wheel develops enough torque at thedrivewheel to move the average sizeyoungster. The usual difficulty in startingthe two cycle engine is overcome by gear-ing the kick starter down 5 to 1 so that aquick push really turns it over and theheavy flywheel keeps her going.To start the ball rolling on the con-struction, make the sled itself of either
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Engine installed. Drive wheel israised or lowered with lever.
birch or maple, followingthe drawings for the details.A pair of cheap 4 ft. skiscut to the required lengthwill save you a lot of timeas they are already groovedfor the runners.The next step is mount-ing the engine. The base ismade of 1/8" CRS steel withthe sides welded at rightangles and everything kept as square aspossible. Follow this up by making thesmall and large ball bearing housings(4 and 21), insert the bearings and thenfit them to the sides. Use a piece of tissuebetween the gears to locate the bearings,drill through the housings and tap thesides for screws. The shaft extenderparts (11) used to extend the crankshaftof the engine and to provide a means forlocking the flywheel and the pinion gear,are then turned and threaded true. Com-plete these operations in the lathe beforeyou cut the parts off. The pinion (12) ispushed on to the intake side of thecrankshaft, the flywheel on the otherend and the shaft extenders pushedthrough the bearings and screwed uptight. Follow this by making the motorbolts (16) and then drill 4 No. 36 holesin the base, tap 6-32 to match the mount-ing holes on the engine. The bolts arescrewed into the base and locked withone nut while the engine is adjustedvery carefully between the two othernuts and then locked down tight. Thereduction shaft (5) which turns thedrivewheel, operates the water pumpand starts the motor, is made from 3/8"

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