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can be Huygenian, Ramsden or Kellner aspreviously described. The one shown hereis a Ramsden. The eyepiece together withthe two erectors make an erecting eyepiece, and all four lenses are mounted at afixed spacing in the draw tube. Fig. 25shows erectors of equal focal length, spacedat their focal lengths from the two imageplanes. With this setup, the erectors giveunity magnification; that is, they add nothing to the magnification of the system.
Designing- your own scope:
The best wayto make a scope is to design and test yourown. First, select suitable lenses, Fig. 32,and run through the simple calculationsand other data. Then make a layout, tracing the light rays and, at the same time,check the system on the optical bench. Thisprocedure, using tne 11X scope shown inFig. 23 as an example, will be described indetail. Preliminary calculations are givenin the right-hand column of the table.
Making the layout:
Start the layout asin Fig. 30, drawing a centerlineand a line indicating the diameterof the objective. Set up the objective on an optical bench, with testcopy about 20 ft. away. Take apiece of ground glass and pull itback from the objective until you.
get the imago In sharp focus, Fig.
26. This image marks the first image plane. Measure the distancefrom objective to image plane andmake a corresponding line on yourlayout. Next, set up the first erector lens and move it back and forth
LENS IMAGE PICKED UP ON GROUND GLASS
FIT SECOND ERECTOR . . . fIND SECOND IMAGE PLANE