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Solar Cell

Solar Cell

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Published by siripurapuganesh
new generation cell technology
new generation cell technology

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: siripurapuganesh on Jan 29, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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04/28/2013

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Solar cell
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to:navigation, search A
solar cell
is a device that converts the energy of sunlight directly intoelectricityby the
.Sometimes the term
 solar cell 
is reserved for devices intended specificallyto capture energy from sunlight such as solar panels and solar cells, while the term
 photovoltaiccell 
is used when the light source is unspecified. Assemblies of cells are used to makesolar  panels,solar modules, or  photovoltaic arrays.
is the field of technology andresearch related to the application of solar cells in producing electricity for practical use. Theenergy generated this way is an example of  
(also known as
 
[edit] History of solar cells
The term "photovoltaic" comes from theGreek φ
ς (
 phōs
) meaning "light", and "voltaic",meaning electric, from the name of theItalianphysicist Volta,after whom a unit of electro- motive force, thevolt,is named. The term "photo-voltaic" has been in use in English since 1849.
The photovoltaic effectwas first recognized in 1839 by French physicistA. E. Becquerel. However, it was not until 1883 that the first solar cell was built, byCharles Fritts, who coated thesemiconductor  seleniumwith an extremely thin layer of goldto form the junctions. The device was only around 1% efficient. Subsequently Russian physicist Aleksandr Stoletov built the first solar cell based on the outer  photoelectric effect (discovered byHeinrich Hertzin 1887).Albert Einsteinexplained the photoelectric effect in 1905 for which he received the Nobel prize inPhysics in 1921.Russell Ohl patented the modern junction semiconductor solar cell in 1946
,which was discovered while working on the series of advances that would lead to the transistor . The modern age of solar power technology arrived in 1954 whenBell Laboratories,experimenting with semiconductors, accidentally found that silicon doped with certain impuritieswas very sensitive to light.Daryl Chapin,with Bell Labs colleagues Calvin Fuller  and Gerald Pearson, invented the first practical device for converting sunlight into useful electrical power.
This resulted in the production of the first useful solar cell with a sunlight energy conversionefficiency of around 6%.The solar battery was first demonstrated on April 25, 1954. The firstspacecraft to use solar panels was the US satelliteVanguard 1,launched in March 1958 with solar cells made byHoffman Electronics. This milestone created interest in producing andlaunching ageostationary communications satellite, in which solar energy would provide a viable power supply. This was a crucial development which stimulated funding from severalgovernments into research for improved solar cells.In 1970 the first highly effectiveGallium arsenide heterostructuresolar cells were created by Zhores Alferovand his team in the USSR .
 
Metal Organic Chemical Vapor Deposition(MOCVD, or OMCVD) production equipment was not developed until the early 1980s, limiting

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