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Toward a Personal Quantum Computer

Toward a Personal Quantum Computer

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: pticicaaa on Jan 29, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Toward a Personal Quantum Computer
byHenry H. W. ChongPhysics and Media GroupMIT Media LaboratorySubmitted to the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciencein Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master of Engineering in Electrical Engineering and Computer Scienceat the Massachusetts Institute of TechnologyJuly 29, 1997Copyright 1997 M.I.T. All rights reserved.The author hereby grants to M.I.T. permission to reproduce and distribute publicly paper andelectronic copies of this thesis and to grant others the right to do so.Author________________________________________________________________________Henry H. W. ChongPhysics and Media Group, MIT Media LaboratoryDepartment of Electrical Engineering and Computer ScienceJuly 29, 1997Certified by____________________________________________________________________Neil A. GershenfeldDirector, Physics and Media Group, MIT Media LaboratoryThesis SupervisorAccepted by____________________________________________________________________Arthur C. SmithChairman, Department Committee on Graduate Thesis
Toward a Personal Quantum ComputerbyHenry H. W. ChongPhysics and Media GroupMIT Media LaboratorySubmitted to theDepartment of Electrical Engineering and Computer ScienceJuly 29, 1997In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master of Engineering in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.
The realization of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) as a means to perform useful quantumcomputations has warranted a detailed discussion regarding the physics and instrumentationunderlying the construction of a NMR quantum computer to facilitate the design of a desktopquantum computer.A brief overview of classical mechanics, quantum mechanics, and statistical mechanics ispresented with Newton’s first law as a starting point. A correspondence between an initiallypostulated classical magnetic moment model and first principles will be made, and methods forthe measurement and interpretation of macroscopically manifest observables are discussed.An introduction to quantum computation will delineate the elements required for computation inanalogy to those required for conventional digital computation. The advantages affordedthrough the use of quantum computational algorithms are discussed, and the employment of NMR to perform quantum computations is presented.Design considerations for the instrumentation necessary to observe NMR with the cost andphysical constraints of a desktop apparatus are reviewed. Low-noise and radio-frequency (RF)instrumentation design needs and constraints are explained in the context of refining sensitivityand frequency resolution requirements of an NMR spectrometer. Experimental considerationsfor the use of physical processes to enhance sensitivity and spectral resolution are also described.Results from a desktop NMR spectrometer is presented with a prescription for future progress.Thesis Supervisor: Neil A. GershenfeldTitle: Director, Physics and Media Group, MIT Media Laboratory
The completion of this thesis represents the culmination of partnerships and friendships whichhave spanned a lifetime. My respect and deepest gratitude to all my family, friends, teachers andmentors.Specifically, I would like to thank the men and women who have supported me through myexhausting sojourn through college. Thanks to Claude for being the candle of inspiration in mydarkest hours; to Danika for love and patience; to the Leducs for a second home; to Tito fordedication and temperance; to Dave for a second decade as my baby-sitter; to Craig for being inSpain; to Mike for the Eatery and Indian buffet; to Grace for teaching me civility; to Sharon forindulgence; to Chris for keeping me awake in class; to Neil for wisdom, guidance and theopportunity to learn and contribute; to Joe for late nights and music; to Susan for being the best;to Josh for maturity and cool; to Matt for insight; to Rich for honesty; to Melinda, Tobie, Anne,Joann, Debbie and Debra for laughter and perseverance; to 5W for accepting absence; to 3W forcelebrating presence; and to 2W for big chickens and HA—LL FE—EDs.I would also like to thank Fred, Melissa, Liz, Mary Lynne, 03A wing and the rest of those crazykids from high school for sharing adolescence. I thank the folks in Carbondale for keeping mereal.And, to Dad, Mom and Aimee: all the love and thanks I can muster for unwaivering andunconditional love, patience, and support.

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