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Seven principles (jewels) of theosophy - Russian text

Seven principles (jewels) of theosophy - Russian text

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Published by Martin Euser
This is a translation into Russian of my article on theosophical principles. Thanks goes to Konstantin Zaitzev. The seven 'jewels', or principles, can be found reflected into biology, psychology and spirituality. They require deep study and contemplation and can revolutionize and revitalize our society!
This is a translation into Russian of my article on theosophical principles. Thanks goes to Konstantin Zaitzev. The seven 'jewels', or principles, can be found reflected into biology, psychology and spirituality. They require deep study and contemplation and can revolutionize and revitalize our society!

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Published by: Martin Euser on Jan 29, 2010
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Ìàðòèí Îüçåð (Ãîëëàíäèÿ)ÍÀÓÊÀ È ÐÅËÈÃÈß:ÍÀÂÎÄß ÌÎÑÒ ×ÅÐÅÇ ÏÐÎÏÀÑÒÜ(ñåðèÿ «Îñíîâû òåîñîôèè», ÷. I)ÂÂÅÄÅÍÈÅÓäèâëÿëèñü ëè âû êîãäà íèáóäü, ïî÷åìó ñóùåñòâóåò òàêàÿ áîëüøàÿïðîïàñòü ìåæäó íàóêîé è ðåëèãèåé? Âèäåëè ëè âû êîãäà-íèáóäüâîçìîæíîñòü íàâåñòè ìîñò ÷åðåç íå¸?Êàê ó÷¸íûé è ïñèõîëîã ÿ ìîãó ÿñíî âèäåòü óçêèå ðàìêè, â êîòîðûåçàêëþ÷èëà ñåáÿ íàóêà. ×òî êàñàåòñÿ ðåëèãèé, áîëüøèíñòâî èç íèõíàõîäÿòñÿ â áîëüøîì çàòðóäíåíèè ïî ÷àñòè ïðåäñòàâëåíèÿ ÿñíîéè ïîäõîäÿùåé ôèëîñîôèè æèçíè. È íèêòî èç íèõ íå ìîæåòóäîâëåòâîðèòåëüíî îòâåòèòü íà íàñóùíûå ýòè÷åñêèå âîïðîñû.Òàêèì îáðàçîì ìû ñòàëêèâàåìñÿ ñî ñòðàííîé ñèòóàöèåé – íàóêîé,îáúÿâëÿþùåé îïðåäåë¸ííûå òåîðèè æèçíåííûì ôàêòîì, è ðåëèãèåé, ïðîâîçãëàøàþùåé èñòèííûìè ñîâñåì äðóãèå âçãëÿäû.Çäðàâûé ñìûñë ïîäñêàçûâàåò íàì, ÷òî äîëæíà áûòü îäíà ïðàâäà,è ïî ìåíüøåé ìåðå ìû íå ìîæåì ïðèíÿòü ñðàçó äâà ïðèíöèïèàëüíî ðàçíûõ ìíåíèÿ î æèçíè è ïðèðîäå.Íà ñàìîì äåëå, ñóùåñòâóåò äðåâíÿÿ ôèëîñîôèÿ, íàçûâàåìàÿÐåëèãèåé Ìóäðîñòè, çàÿâëÿþùàÿ î íàâåäåíèè ìîñòà ÷åðåç ýòóïðîïàñòü.  íàøè äíè ýòà ôèëîñîôèÿ íàçûâàåòñÿ Òåîñîôèåé,áóäó÷è ïðèíåñåíà íà çàïàä Å. Ï. Áëàâàòñêîé ïîä ðóêîâîäñòâîì èâäîõíîâåíèåì å¸ ó÷èòåëåé (ìàñòåðîâ ìóäðîñòè è ñîñòðàäàíèÿ).Ýòî è áóäåò ÿâëÿòüñÿ òåìîé ñåãî äîêóìåíòà. Çäåñü óìåñòíîçàìåòèòü, ÷òî ýòî íå ïðîñòî êðàñèâàÿ è ïðèâëåêàòåëüíàÿôèëîñîôèÿ, íî íàïðîòèâ, áîëüøàÿ ñèñòåìà èñòèí, áàçèðóþùàÿñÿíà äóõîâíîì âèäåíèè òûñÿ÷ ìóäðåöîâ, ïðîðîêîâ è âåëèêèõîñíîâàòåëåé ðåëèãèé íà ïðîòÿæåíèè âåêîâ. Ýòà ôèëîñîôèÿ ìîæåòè äîëæíà áûòü ïðîâåðåíà âñåìè ñåðü¸çíûìè èñêàòåëÿìè èñòèíû.Òåîñîôèÿ äà¸ò íåêîòîðûå íàïðàâëÿþùèå ëèíèè, ïî êîòîðûì ýòî ìîæåò áûòü ñäåëàíî.  êîíöå ýòîãî äîêóìåíòà ýòî ñòàíåò áîëååÿñíûì. Ýòî èìåííî ïðàêòè÷åñêàÿ ôèëîñîôèÿ æèçíè, ÷òî ñòàíåòî÷åâèäíûì, åñëè âû ïðèëîæèòå å¸ ïðèíöèïû ê ïîâñåäíåâíîé æèçíè.Ïðîïàñòü, î êîòîðîé ãîâîðèëîñü âûøå, íå âñåãäà ñóùåñòâîâàëà.Îíà âûðàñòàëà ïîñòåïåííî, ïî ìåðå òîãî, êàê íàóêà
 
ïðîòèâîïîñòàâëÿëà ñåáÿ äîãìàòè÷åñêîé òåîëîãèè.  íàøè äíèíàóêà ïîëíîñòüþ ìàòåðèàëèñòè÷íà â ñâîèõ âçãëÿäàõ. Äàæåñîçíàíèå ñâîäèòñÿ åþ ê ìàòåðèàëüíûì ïðîöåññàì. Íî ìû óæå ìîæåì çàìåòèòü ñìóòíûå êîíòóðû íîâîé, ìåíåå ìàòåðèàëèñòè÷íîé íàóêè, êîòîðàÿ âêëþ÷àåò ïàðàäèãìóâñåîáùíîñòè èëè ñóùíîñòíîãî åäèíñòâà âñåõ ñóùåñòâ. Äýâèä Áîìáûë îäíèì èç ïèîíåðîâ â ýòîé îáëàñòè. Ïîë Ôàåðàáåíä, èçâåñòíûéôèëîñîô íàóêè, ïîêàçàë, ÷òî íàó÷íûå ìîäåëè ñðàâíèìû ñ ìîäåëÿìèïðèðîäû, çàïå÷àòë¸ííûìè â äðåâíèõ ìèôàõ ÷åëîâå÷åñòâà (ñì. åãîêíèãó «Against Method» – «Ïðîòèâ ìåòîäà», 1975). Ýòî ìîæåòçàñòàâèòü íåêîòîðûõ íàäìåííûõ äåÿòåëåé íàóêè íåìíîãî áîëååñêðîìíûìè. Îíè ïðîñòî èìåþò ñëèøêîì ìíîãî ïðåòåíçèé.Ïëàòîí ñêàçàë áû, ÷òî ìàòåðèàëèñòè÷åñêàÿ íàóêà íèêîãäà íåäîñòèãíåò èñòèíû, ïîñêîëüêó ïîëíîñòüþ çàâèñèò îò òîãî, ÷òîíàøè ÷óâñòâà ñîîáùàþò íàì î ìèðå. Âìåñòî ýòîãî ìû äîëæíû ðàçâèâàòü íàøå âíóòðåííåå ÷óâñòâî ïîíèìàíèÿ äî òàêîé ñòåïåíè,ïðè êîòîðîé ìû ñìîæåì âîñïðèíèìàòü ïðè÷èíû, ñòîÿùèå çà âñåìèâèäèìûìè ôåíîìåíàìè. Íàøè âíåøíèå ÷óâñòâà – âñåãî ëèøüïîìîùü äëÿ ñóùåñòâîâàíèÿ íà ýòîì âíåøíåì ïëàíå æèçíè.Òåîñîôèÿ ñìûêàåò ïðîïàñòü ìåæäó íàóêîé è ðåëèãèåé, ñîîáùàÿçíàíèÿ ïðèíöèïîâ ïðèðîäû, êîòîðûå ìîãóò áûòü ïðèçíàíû è ðåëèãèåé, è íàóêîé, åñëè áóäóò äîëæíûì îáðàçîì èññëåäîâàíû. Âñóùíîñòè ñâîåé, òåîñîôèÿ åñòü ÿäðî âñåõ âåëèêèõ ðåëèãèé èôèëîñîôèé (òàêèõ êàê Ïëàòîíîâñêàÿ è Ïèôàãîðåéñêàÿ).  ñâî¸ì ðåëèãèîçíîì àñïåêòå îíà ãîâîðèò íàì, êàêîâà öåëü æèçíè, â ñâî¸ìôèëîñîôñêîì àñïåêòå îíà îáúÿñíÿåò, ïî÷åìó âåùè òàêîâû, êàêîâûîíè åñòü.  ñâî¸ì íàó÷íîì àñïåêòå îíà ãîâîðèò íàì, êàêèìîáðàçîì ðàáîòàåò ïðèðîäà. Ýòè òðè àñïåêòà âçàèìîñâÿçàíû èíèêîãäà íå ìîãóò áûòü ðàçäåëåíû, ïîòîìó ÷òî òàêîå ðàçäåëåíèåâûçîâåò ðåàëüíóþ ïîòåðþ ïîíèìàíèÿ. Ðàçäåëåíèå ýòî òàêæåçàñòàâëÿåò íàóêó òåðÿòü ýòè÷åñêèé áàçèñ, ÷òî óæå ñëó÷èëîñü çàïîñëåäíèå ñòîëåòèÿ.Çíàíèå (ýçîòåðè÷åñêîé) íàóêè âûçûâàåò îãðîìíóþîòâåòñòâåííîñòü. Çëîóïîòðåáëåíèå ýãîèñòè÷åñêèì óìîì ìîæåòâûçâàòü ñåðü¸çíûå áåäñòâèÿ. Èìåííî ïîýòîìó ïåðåäà÷à ýòîãî âèäàçíàíèé ÷åëîâå÷åñòâó ñòðîãî îãðàíè÷èâàëàñü. Êîíå÷íî, èíîãäàîïàñíîå çíàíèå îòêðûâàåòñÿ îòêðûâàåòñÿ ñàìèìè ó÷¸íûìè,ïîäîáíî ñåêðåòàì ÿäåðíîé ýíåðãèè. È ýòî ñîçäàëî ðåàëüíóþ óãðîçóáåçîïàñíîñòè ÷åëîâå÷åñòâà.Õîðîøî, âû ìîæåòå ñïðîñèòü, íî êàêîå æå çíàíèå äàíî ýòîìó
 
 ìèðó? Ýòî áóäåò ïðåäìåòîì ñëåäóþùåãî ðàçäåëà.ÑÅÌÜ ÊÀÌÍÅÉ ÌÓÄÐÎÑÒÈÒåîñîôèÿ äà¸ò êîíòóðû óíèâåðñàëüíûõ ïðèíöèïîâ, äåéñòâèåêîòîðûõ ìîæåò áûòü ïðèíÿòî êàæäûì ÷åëîâåêîì ñ îòêðûòûì ðàññóäêîì. Ïðèçíàíèå ýòèõ ïðèíöèïîâ âîçìîæíî ïîñðåäñòâîìïîñòåïåííîãî ðàçâèòèÿ ñïîñîáíîñòè ïîíèìàíèÿ (áåñêîðûñòíîéñëóæáîé ÷åëîâå÷åñòâó ñîâìåñòíî ñ ýçîòåðè÷åñêèì èçó÷åíèåì). Âñåýòè ïðèíöèïû ìîãóò áûòü îáíàðóæåíû â ëèòåðàòóðå ìíîãèõ ðåëèãèé, îñîáåííî â èõ ìèñòè÷åñêèõ ðàçäåëàõ, òàêèõ êàê ñóôèçì,ãíîñòèöèçì, èíäóèçì, è ò. ä., â ðàâíîé ìåðå êàê è â äðåâíèõ ìèôàõ.Íàèáîëåå âàæíûå ïðèíöèïû èëè èñòèíû íàçûâàþòñÿ ñåìüþäðàãîöåííûìè êàìíÿìè ìóäðîñòè. Âìåñòå îíè äàþò âîçâûøåííóþè ïðàêòè÷åñêóþ ñèñòåìó ýòèêè, âêëþ÷àþùóþ èäåþ ÂñåëåíñêîãîÁðàòñòâà (ñóùíîñòíîé ñâÿçè âñåõ ñóùåñòâ), êîòîðàÿ áóäåòîáñóæäàòüñÿ áîëåå ïîëíî íèæå. Ýòè êàìíè ìîãóò áûòüèñïîëüçîâàíû äëÿ ïîñòðîåíèÿ ñèñòåìû íàóêè, êîòîðàÿ áóäåòáàçèðîâàòüñÿ íà ñîçíàíèè, êàê íà ïåðâè÷íîì ôàêòîðå.Ïåðâûé êàìåíüÏåðâûé êàìåíü ãîâîðèò î äîêòðèíå ðåèíêàðíàöèè èëèïåðåâîïëîùåíèÿ.Òåîñîôèÿ èñõîäèò èç äóõîâíîé òî÷êè çðåíèÿ. Îíà ãîâîðèò, ÷òîñîçíàíèå ïåðâè÷íî ïî îòíîøåíèþ ê ôîðìå èëè ïðîÿâëåíèþ. Ñîçíàíèåïåðèîäè÷åñêè âîïëîùàåò ñåáÿ â ïîäõîäÿùóþ ôîðìó. Ñîêðàò ãîâîðèòîá ýòîì â «Ôåäîíå» Ïëàòîíà. äåéñòâèòåëüíîñòè ýòà äîêòðèíà ãîâîðèò î çàêîíå öèêëîâ. Âñåïðîöåññû â ïðèðîäå èìåþò öèêëè÷åñêèé õàðàêòåð. Èìåþòñÿáóêâàëüíî ñîòíè ïðèìåðîâ â ïðèðîäå, ïîäòâåðæäàþùèõ ýòîòçàêîí. Âîò íåñêîëüêî ïðèìåðîâ:* âðåìåíà ãîäà;* ðîñò ñåìÿí, ñîçðåâàíèÿ, çàãíèâàíèå, ñìåðòü è âîçðîæäåíèå íîâûõñåìÿí;* ïàðîêñèçìû ëèõîðàäêè;* îáðàùåíèå ïëàíåò âîêðóã Ñîëíöà;* öèâèëèçàöèè;* âàëåíòíîñòè â ïåðèîäè÷åñêîé ñèñòåìå õèìè÷åñêèõ ýëåìåíòîâ;

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