Municipal Water Planning and Management Implications: A Case of ThikaMunicipality in KenyaNjagi Felix Mwiathi.
Moi UniversitySchool of Environmental StudiesDepartment of Environmental Monitoring, Planning and ManagementEmail:email@example.comMobile No: +254 722 973447
Kenya is classified by the United Nations as a ‘chronically water scarce country’(UNESCO, 2003). The natural endowment of the freshwater is highly limited, fragile,and threatened. The annual water available per capital as at 2003 stood at 647m
and was projected to fall to 235m
by 2025. This is far below 1000m
per capita set as the benchmark for water scarcity. Natural resource management has been a major issue for scientists, planners and politicians since the economy and long-term wealth are largely based on the exploitation of non-renewable resources although other factors such ashuman knowledge and labour are to a certain extent complementary. Today, it isincreasingly accepted that environmental and renewable resources are at even greater risk. The water management strategies for overcoming water deficit experienced by theincreasing population involve building management capacities and employing the righttechnologies which includes efficient water use control and conservation. Thika is one of the satellite towns to Nairobi city. It is both an urban and a rural set up given that much of the surrounding land is agricultural where demand for water has been on the increase dueto the influx of people from the neighbouring towns and urban expansion. Therefore proper planning and management o water resources in thika are Vital in order to achievethe desired development. This paper highlights the role of the Municipality in planningand managing of water resources in order to meet the increasing residential demand for water. The paper also highlights the special issues involved in residential water management in Thika. It also gives the policy and institutional implications in planningand management of water within the municipality.Key Words: Management, Planning, Water use, Reforms,