Petroleum or Crude oil (oil as it comes out of the ground) is a thick liquid consistingof hundreds of combustible hydrocarbons along with small amounts of sulfur,oxygen, and nitrogen impurities/ This fossil fuel was produced by the decompositionof dead organic matter from plants (primarily plankton) and animals that wereburied under lake and ocean sediments 2-140 million years ago.ALTERNATIVE SOURCE OF ENERGYGeothermal energy is power extracted from heat stored in the earth. This energyoriginates from the original formation of the planet, from radioactive decay of minerals, and from solar energy absorbed at the surface. It has been used forbathing since Paleolithic times and for space heating since ancient Roman times,but is now better known for generating electricity. Worldwide, geothermal plantshave the capacity to generate about 10 giga watts of electricity as of 2007, and inpractice supply 0.3% of global electricity demand. An additional 28 giga watts of direct heating capacity is installed for district heating, space heating, spas,industrial processes, desalination and agricultural applications.Geothermal power is cost effective, reliable, sustainable, and environmentallyfriendly, but has historically been limited to areas near tectonic plate boundaries.Recent technological advances have dramatically expanded the range and size of viable resources, especially for applications such as home heating, opening apotential for widespread exploitation. Geothermal wells release greenhouse gasestrapped deep within the earth, but these emissions are much lower per energy unitthan those of fossil fuels. As a result, geothermal power has the potential to helpmitigate global warming if widely deployed in place of fossil fuels.Solar energy is a radiant light and heat from the sun, has been harnessed byhumans since ancient times using a range of ever-evolving technologies.Solar radiation, along with secondary solar-powered resources suchas wind and wave power, hydroelectricity and biomass, account for most of theavailable renewable energy on earth. Only a minuscule fraction of the availablesolar energy is used. Tidal power, sometimes also called tidal energy, is a form of hydropower thatconverts the energy of tides into electricity or other useful forms of power. Tidalenergy works from the power of changing tides. Tidal changes in sea level can beused to generate electricity, by building a dam across a coastal bay or estuary withlarge differences between low and high tides. Tide is the daily rise and fall of oceanlevels relative to coastlines, as a result of the gravitational force of the moon andsun as well as the revolution of the earth.