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ra410202-non-conventional-energy-sources-set1

ra410202-non-conventional-energy-sources-set1

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Published by Srinivasa Rao G

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Published by: Srinivasa Rao G on Apr 23, 2008
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Code No: RA410202
RA
IV B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, February 2008
NON CONVENTIONAL ENERGY SOURCES
(Electrical & Electronic Engineering)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
\ue000 \ue000 \ue000 \ue000 \ue000
1. (a) Explain spaghetti & pie diagrams brie\ufb02y with the help of neat sketches.
(b) Explain the various steps necessary to avoid low pf. Give examples.
[8+8]
2. (a) List out the reasons for variation in solar radiation reaching the earth than
received at the outside of the atmosphere.
(b) De\ufb01ne Hour angle and Zenith angle
(c) Calculate the sunset hour angle and day length at a location latitude of 350N,
on February 14.
[6+4+6]
3. Explain the following:
(a) Wind energy conversion systems.
(b) Solar and wind hybrid system.
[6+10]
4. (a) Draw a neat layout diagram of a typical OTEC plant showing salient features
and explain the principle of operation.

(b) In a Claude\u2019s cycle of OTEC conversion producing 100 KW power, warm water at 270C is admitted into \ufb02ash-evaporator, where a pressure corresponding to saturation temperature of water at 250C is maintained. Saturated vapor is then sent through a turbine having a polytropic e\ufb03ciency of 80%. The pressure in the direct contact condenser is maintained at a value corresponding to saturation temperature of water at 150C by means of deep sea cold water at 130C. Calculate.

i. Turbine mass \ufb02ow rate of vapor
ii. Mass \ufb02ow rate of deep sea cold water.
iii. Mass \ufb02ow rate of warm water.
iv. Gross cycle e\ufb03ciency on the basis of energy available from warm surface

water.
Also explain the reasons of obtaining low value of e\ufb03ciency.
[8+8]
5. Discuss the methods of harnessing wave energy.
[16]
6. (a) Explain with neat sketches the basic principle of tidal power generation. What
are the limitations of each method.

(b) A tidal project has installed capacity of 2176MW in 64 units each of 34MW rated output. The head at rated output is 5.52m. The embankment is 6.4 km long. Assume 93% e\ufb03ciency for both turbine and generators. The generation is 5 hours twice a day. Calculate:

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