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r050211001-electromagnetic-waves-and-transmission-lines

# r050211001-electromagnetic-waves-and-transmission-lines

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02/01/2013

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Code No: R050211001
Set No. 1
II B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, February 2008
ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES AND TRANSMISSION LINES
(Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
All Questions carry equal marks
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6
1. (a) State and explain Coulomb?s law. Obtain an expression in vector form.
(b) Two uniform line charges of density 8nC/m are located in a plane with y = 0
at x =\u00b14m. \ufb01nd the E- \ufb01eld at a point P(0m, 4m, 10m)
[6+10]
2. (a) State Biot- Savart law

(b) Derive an expression for magnetic \ufb01eld strength, H, due to a \ufb01nite \ufb01lamentary conductor carrying a curent I and placed along Z- axis at a point \u2019P\u2019 on y- axis. Hence deduce the magnetic \ufb01eld strength for the length of the conductor extending from -\u221e to +\u221e.

[4+12]

3. A square \ufb01lamentary loop of wire is 25 cm on a side and has a resistance of 125\u2126 per meter length. The loop lies in z=0 plane with its corners at (0,0,0) (0.25,0,0), (0.25,0.25,0) and (0,0.25,0) at t=0 the loop is moving with velocityvy = 50m/s in the \ufb01eldBz = 8cos(1.5\u00d7 108t\u2212 0.5x)\u00b5T . Develop a function of time which expresses the ohmic power being delivered to the loop.

[16]
4. (a) For good dielectries derive the expressions for\u03b1, \u03b2, \u03bd and \u03b7.
(b) For a uniform plane wave in space\u03bb =12cm. In a loss less material of unknown
characteristics\u03bb=8cm. In this material E=50V/m, H = 0-1 A/M \ufb01nd f,
\u00b5r\u2208 r.
[8+8]
5. (a) De\ufb01ne surface impedance and explain how it exists.

(b) In free space (z\u2264 0), a plane wave with H= 10 cos( 108t -\u03b2z) ax mA/m is incident normally on a loss less medium (\u03b5 = 2\u03b50,\u00b5 = 8\u00b50) in regionZ\u2265 0. Determine the re\ufb02ected waveHr ,Er and the transmitted waveHt ,Et. [8+8]

6. (a) De\ufb01ne and derive the equations for phase and group velocities in a parallel
plane guide. On which factors do they depend ?.
(b) Derive the relation\u03bb =
\u03bbc
\u03bbg
\u221a\u03bb2g
+\u03bb2cwhere\u03bb is free space wave length,\u03bbg is the
wave length measured in the guide, and\u03bbc is the cut o\ufb00 wave length.
[8+8]
7. (a) Starting from the equivalent circuit, derive the transmission line equations for
V and I, in terms of the source parameters
(b) Give T and\u03c0 equivalent network representation for a transmission line [10+6]
1 of 2
Code No: R050211001
Set No. 1

8. (a) Explain what is meant by voltage re\ufb02ection coe\ufb03cient in a transmission line The voltage re\ufb02ection coe\ufb03cient due to load connected to a lossless transmis- sion line of characteristic impedance 100 \u2126 and working at 3 GHz is 0.5?450. Assuming the load voltage to be 10 V, calculate the r.m.s voltage and current at intervals of one ?fourth wave length from the load up to a distance 5 cm.

(b) A 75 \u2126 line is terminated by a load of 120 + j80 \u2126 . Find the maximum and
minimum impedances on the line.
[10+6]
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6
2 of 2
Code No: R050211001
Set No. 2
II B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, February 2008
ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES AND TRANSMISSION LINES
(Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
All Questions carry equal marks
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6
1. (a) State and explain Coulomb?s law. Obtain an expression in vector form.
(b) Two uniform line charges of density 8nC/m are located in a plane with y = 0
at x =\u00b14m. \ufb01nd the E- \ufb01eld at a point P(0m, 4m, 10m)
[6+10]
2. (a) Obtain an expression for di\ufb00erential magnetic \ufb01eld strength dH due to di\ufb00er-
ential current element I dl at the origin in the positive Z- direction.

(b) Find the magnetic \ufb01eld strength, H at the centre of a square conducting loop of side \u20182a\u2019 in Z=0 plane if the loop is carrying a current , I, in anti clock wise direction.

[6+10]
3. (a) Explain faraday?s law for time varying \ufb01elds.
(b) Verify that the displacement current in the parallel plate capacitor is the same
as the conduction current in the connecting wires.
[8+8]
4. (a) A plane sinusoidal electromagnetic wave travelling in space hasEmax = 1500\u00b5v/m
i. Find the accompanyingHmax
ii. The average power transmitted
(b) The electric \ufb01eld intersity associated with a plane wave travelling in a perfect
dielectric medium is given by Ex(z, t) = 10 cos (2\u03c0 x 107 t - 0.1\u03c0z)v/m
[4+4+8]
i. What is the velocity of propagation
ii. Write down an expression for the magnetic \ufb01eld intesity associated with
the wave if\u00b5 =\u00b50
5. (a) State and prove Poynting theorem.
(b) In a non-magnetic medium E = 4 sin( (2\u03c0\u00d7 107 t - 0.8\u00d7 ) az V/m. Find
i. the time-average power carried by the wave
ii. total power crossing 100cm2 of plane 2x+y = 5.
[8+8]
6. For a parallel plane wave guide of 2.5 cm separation, determine all the propagation
characteristics, for a signal at 8 GHz, for
(a)TE10 waves
(b) TEM waves
Explain the terms used.
[16]
1 of 2

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