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Pollution Essay

Pollution Essay

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Published by Muhammad5555

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Published by: Muhammad5555 on Jan 30, 2010
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06/03/2013

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POLLUTION ESSAY
 The environment is a hotly debated topic in today's society. Some of the subtopics that are going to be discussed are going to be those related tothe way technology is changing, what industries are doing to help preventfurther pollution, some of the methods used in paper recycling, and somediscussion of renewable energy sources. For the most part, this section of the research paper, unlike the other sections, is going to attempt to discusssome of the ways the public has been dealing with, and are finding new waysto deal with environmental problems that we are presently facing. There are currently three main sources of pollution: they are, waterpollution, waste pollution, and air pollution. Of these three forms of pollution,the one that affects our health most directly is air pollution. Scientistsbelieve that all cities with populations exceeding 50,000 have some degreeof air pollution.1 Some sources of air pollution include emissions of sulfurdioxide and other noxious gases by electric power plants that burn high-sulfur coal or oil.2 Air pollution can range from factory emissions, to autoemissions, and even house hold product emissions such aschlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), once found in abundance in spray containers andhas been drastically reduced in these products.Air Pollution has been that target of some of the most complicatedlegislation ever discussed. In 1970, the United States Congress passedlegislation aimed at curbing sources of air pollution and setting standards forair quality. One of the strongest weapons against industrial pollution thatmany factories are currently using to combat air pollution is a scrubber. Ascrubber is a series of filters placed in smoke stacks and other points of industrial emissions to try and filter out many of the contaminants that tendto be released into the atmosphere.In addition to factory emissions, auto emission pollutants have alsobeen reduced by the use of a tool that has been around for quite some time,the catalytic converter. Because gasoline is not completely utilized uponcombustion, many toxic gases are able to escape in the form of exhaust. Acatalytic converter is a box-like device that is placed somewhere in theexhaust system between the point of exhaust release from the engine, to theactual release of the exhaust to the environment. A catalytic converter worksby transforming harmful gases through a series of chemical reactions to
 
essentially non-harmful gases. Catalytic converters have been proven to bevery beneficial in reducing the amount of harmful gases released into theatmosphere. Instead of just trying to reduce auto emissions, car companiesare also researching alternative fuel sources. The most popular forms of alternative fuels currently are electricity, which can be harnessed directly inthe form of solar energy from the sun and stored in batteries, or natural gaswhich is a much cleaner burning gas.In addition to wanting to know what was being done to prevent the airfrom becoming more polluted, students also wanted to know somethingabout recycling, and what methods are used to turn old waste into newproducts. Many reused paper products are normally turned into cardboardboxes and tissue products. Rarely is paper that is collected reused asreading/writing paper again. One of the largest waste products in the UnitedStates today is paper. It has been found that the U.S. is currently collectingbetween 26 and 30% of all paper wastes for recycling.4 One astounding factis that the U.S. also exports 22% of this paper waste, which amounts to some28.9 million tons of paper, abroad to European countries and to countries inthe Orient.How many trees saved by recycling is still not clearly known. It hasbeen widely reported that every ton of paper, if made from 100% recycledfibers, saves approximately 17 trees.6 In reality, the number of treesrequired to generate a ton of paper depends on many factors including treesize, species, and the type of pulp and paper being manufactured. For apaper to be reprocessed into a new product, many steps must take placeduring the transformation. A process known as deinking must be utilized. There are many methods of deinking and each uses different physical andchemical properties or sometimes both to make a new white pulp again.Some of these process are discussed and listed below.Washing is a process whereby detergents, wetting agents, and otherchemicals are added to make the ink hydrophilic (attracted to water).Another method used is called Flotation. This process makes the inkhydrophobic (repelled by water). The pulp is continuously aerated and the airbubbles attract the in particles as they rise up to the surface. Dispersion is aprocess that involves breaking up the ink particles to such a small degreethat they cannot be seen by the eye. Theses are just some of the methodsused to recycle old paper in to new pulp.

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